The spinning frame was an
inventiondeveloped during the 18th century British Industrial Revolution. It was later developed into the water frame(patented in 1769), and was used to increase production of textiles in factories. Richard Arkwrightemployed John Kay to produce a new spinning-machine that Kay had worked on with (or possibly stolen from) another inventor called Thomas Highs[http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/highs.htm ] . With the help of other local craftsmen the team produced the spinning frame, which produced a stronger thread than the spinning jennyproduced by James Hargreaves. The frame employed the draw rollers invented by Lewis Paulto stretch, or attenuate, the yarn.
A thick 'string' of cotton roving was passed between three sets of rollers, each set rotating faster than the previous one. In this way it was reduced in thickness and increased in length before a strengthening twist was added by a bobbin-and-flyer mechanism.
Too large to be operated by hand, the spinning frame needed a new source of power. Arkwright at first experimented with horses, but decided to employ the power of the
water wheel, which gave the invention the name of water frame.
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution
Timeline of clothing and textiles technology
* [http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/arkwrighto.htm Essay] on Arkwright, showing his links with Kay and Highs.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
spinning frame — n. any of various spinning machines with many spindles … English World dictionary
spinning frame — noun spinning machine that draws, twists, and winds yarn • Hypernyms: ↑spinning machine • Part Meronyms: ↑spindle * * * noun : a machine that draws, twists, and winds yarn compare mule … Useful english dictionary
spinning frame — spin′ning frame n. tex a machine for drawing, twisting, and winding yarn • Etymology: 1815–25 … From formal English to slang
spinning frame — noun Date: 1825 a machine that draws, twists, and winds yarn … New Collegiate Dictionary
spinning frame — a machine for drawing, twisting, and winding yarn. [1815 25] * * * … Universalium
spinning frame — noun a machine that draws and twists fibres and then winds it onto spools or spindles … Wiktionary
spinning frame — Richard Arkwright … Inventors, Inventions
John Kay (spinning frame) — John Kay was a clockmaker from Warrington, Lancashire, England. He is known by association with Thomas Highs and later Richard Arkwright for the scandal associated with the invention of the spinning frame in 1767: an important stage in the… … Wikipedia
ring-spinning frame — /ring spin ing/ a machine containing the ring, traveler, and bobbin used in spinning yarn. Also called ring frame, ring spinner. [1880 85] * * * … Universalium
ring-spinning frame — /ring spin ing/ a machine containing the ring, traveler, and bobbin used in spinning yarn. Also called ring frame, ring spinner. [1880 85] … Useful english dictionary