Anderson, Indiana


Anderson, Indiana

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Anderson, Indiana
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto = "Performance. Talent. Inspiration."


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


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mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in the state of Indiana


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Indiana
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Madison
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Kris Ockomon (D)
area_note =
established_date =
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 104.0
area_land_km2 = 103.7
area_water_km2 = 0.3
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 59734
population_density_km2 = 575.9
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
area_total_sq_mi = 40.2
area_land_sq_mi = 40.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
elevation_m = 268
elevation_ft = 879
latd = 40 |latm = 6 |lats = 0 |latNS = N
longd = 85 |longm = 40 |longs = 53 |longEW = W
website = [http://www.cityofanderson.com www.cityofanderson.com]
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 46011-46018
area_code = 765
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 18-01468GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0430152GR|3
footnotes =

Anderson is a city in Madison County, Indiana, United States. The city is the county seat of Madison County.GR|6 It is the principal city of the Anderson, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses Madison county. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 59,734. Anderson is the headquarters of the Church of God (Anderson) and home of Anderson University, which is affiliated with that denomination. Highlights of the city include the historic Paramount Theatre and the Gruenwald Home.

According to some historians, the city is named for Chief William Anderson, whose mother was a Delaware Indian (Lenape) and whose father was of Swedish descent. Chief Anderson's Indian name was Kikthawenund (spelled in a variety of ways) meaning "making a noise" or "causing to crack." Others attribute the town name to architect and planner Adam E. Anderson, an early settler from Chillicothe, OH who laid out and built on the first two streets in town.

History

Prior to the organization of Madison County, William Conner entered the land upon which Anderson is located. Conner later sold the ground to John and Sarah Berry, who donated 32 acres (129,000 m²) of their land to Madison County on the condition that the county seat would be moved from Pendleton to Anderson. John Berry laid out the first plat of Anderson on November 7, 1827. In 1828 the seat of justice was moved from Pendleton to Anderson.

Introduction of internal improvements caused a growth in the population in 1837. In December, 1838, Anderson was incorporated as a town with 350 inhabitants. The Central Canal, a branch of the Wabash and Erie Canal was planned to come through Anderson. Work continued on the canal during 1838 and the beginning of 1839, but work on the canal was soon suspended by the state. The town again became a sleepy village until 1849 when it was incorporated a second time as a town. Many new commercial ventures located around the Courthouse Square.

This incorporation was short-lived and Anderson once again went back to village status in 1852. However, with the completion of the Indianapolis Bellefontaine Railroad, as well as their station in 1852, Anderson burst to life. The third incorporation of Anderson as a town occurred on June 9, 1853. The population continued to increase. On August 28, 1865, with a population was nearly 1,300 people, Anderson was incorporated as a city.

Between 1853 and the late 1800s, twenty industries of various sizes located there. On March 31, 1887, natural gas was discovered in Anderson. With this discovery new businesses that could use natural gas, such as glass-making, moved to the city. Anderson grew to such proportions that a Cincinnati newspaper editor labeled the city "The Pittsburgh on White River." Other appellations were "Queen City of the Gas Belt" and (because of the vulcanizing and the rubber tire manufacturing business) "Puncture Proof City."

In 1897 the Interurban Railroad was born in Anderson. Charles Henry, a large stock holder, coined the term "Interurban" in 1893. It continued to operate until 1941.

The year 1912 spelled disaster for Anderson: the natural gas ran out, and several factories moved out. The whole city slowed down. The Commercial Club (formed on November 18, 1905) was the forerunner of the present chamber of commerce. This club persuaded the Remy brothers to stay in Anderson and others to locate there. For decades, Delco Remy and Guide Lamp (later Fisher Guide) were the top two employers in the city. From 1913 through the 1950s, the Ward-Stilson Company was one of the country's largest producers of uniforms, regalia, furniture and props for the Freemasons, the Odd Fellows and dozens of other U.S. fraternal organizations.

The Church of God of Anderson located its world headquarters in Anderson in 1905. Anderson Bible School was opened in 1917, and this was separated from Gospel Trumpet (now known as Warner Press) in 1925. At the same time, it became known as Anderson Bible School and Seminary. In 1925, the name was changed to Anderson College and then to Anderson University in 1988.

Over the years, 17 different types of automobiles were manufactured in Anderson with the Lambert family among the city's leaders in its development and Buckeye Gasoline Buggy the Lambert product. Many other inventions were perfected in Anderson including: the gas regulator (Miron G. Reynolds), the stamp vending machine (Frank P. Dunn), clothes presser (H. Donald Forse), Irish Mail (Hugh Hill), flower car for funeral homes (Francis M. McClain, automatic gearshiftFact|date=March 2008 (Von D. Polhemus)), Sisson choke (Glenn Sisson), and the vulcanizing process to retreads tires (Charles E. Miller).

Geography

Anderson is located at coor dms|40|6|0|N|85|40|53|W|city (40.100041, -85.681525).GR|1 The city of Anderson is located in parts of four townships: Anderson, Union, Richland, and Lafayette.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.2 square miles (104.0 km²), of which, 40.0 square miles (103.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.27%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 59,734 people, 25,274 households, and 15,417 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,491.6 people per square mile (575.9/km²). There were 27,643 housing units at an average density of 690.3/sq mi (266.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.99% White, 14.88% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.

There were 25,274 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,577, and the median income for a family was $39,552. Males had a median income of $31,346 versus $22,736 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,142. About 10.8% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Business

Among the major industries in Anderson are Anderson Tool and Engineering, Barber Manufacturing, Prairie Farms Dairy, Hoosier Park, and Warner Press. In 2007, Nestlé corporation opened a large factory in Anderson, with much fanfare, holding a large celebration, with free samples of an array of Nestlé products. Also in 2007, Anderson was ranked [http://www.forbes.com/lists/2007/5/07bestplaces_Anderson-IN_INAnd.html #98] in the "Forbes" List for 100 Best Places for Businesses among Smaller U.S. Metro areas.

Education

Anderson's Public school district is the Anderson Community School Corporation, which includes 2 high schools, 3 middle schools, and 10 elementary schools.In addition to the public schools, there are also two Roman Catholic schools in Anderson, St. Ambrose and St. Mary's.

St. Ambrose covers preschool to sixth grade, although at one time it covered up to eighth grade and it originally did not have a preschool. St. Mary's covers preschool to eighth grade.

Anderson is also home to Anderson University.

Points of interest

*Paramount Theatre (Anderson, Indiana)
*Mounds State Park
*Hoosier Park
*The Anderson Center for the Arts
*Anderson Speedway

Notable citizens

*Jermaine Allensworth, athlete
*Lowell Amos, convicted murderer, trial for the murder of his third wife was portrayed in Lifetime Network's "Black Widow" (2006)
*Melvin E. Biddle, World War II Medal of Honor recipient
*Art Brady, entrepreneur
*General Dale Crittenberger, was in charge of the District of Panama
*James Davis, politician, Secretary of Labor
*Ike Duffy, entrepreneur
*Winfield Durbin, politician, former Governor of Indiana
*Carl Erskine, athlete
*Charles L. Henry, politician, congressman, coiner of the term "interurban"
*Orville Hodge, embezzler
*James Kilgore, Symbionese Liberation Army member
*Adam Lind, athlete
*Mack Mattingly, politician, Georgia Senator
*Jon McLaughlin, singer
*Phill Niblock, composer and filmmaker
*Sandi Patty, singer
*James Rebhorn, actor
*Robert L. Rock, politician, former Lieutenant Governor
*Kris Roe (The Ataris), singer
*Oswald Ryan, Chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board
*Ross Scott, athlete
*Earle Sefton, entrepreneur
*Karen Sharpe, actress
*Kevin Stein, Illinois poet laureate
*Fred Mustard Stewart, author
*Ward Stilson, entrepreneur
*Max Terhune, actor
*Ray Tolbert, athlete
*Sanford Tousey, author
*Albert Vestal, Majority Whip of the House of Representatives
*Louis J. Weichmann
*Bobby Wilkerson, athlete
*"Jumping Johnny Wilson"
*Jordan Aynes, muscian/comedian

Partner cities

*flagicon|Germany Bernburg, Germany

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofanderson.com/ City of Anderson, Indiana]
* [http://www.cityofanderson.com/history.aspx History of Anderson, Indiana]
* [http://www.cityofanderson.com/maps.aspx Interactive Map of Anderson, Indiana]
* [http://www.and.lib.in.us/ Anderson Public Library]
* [http://www.andersonfreepress.net/ Anderson Free Press]
* [http://www.heraldbulletin.com/ Anderson Herald Bulletin]
* [http://photos.placesphotographed.com/v/inanderson/ Photographs of Anderson, Indiana]
* [http://www.ecinews.com/ ECI News Connection] - Area News Feeder


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