Animal testing on rabbits

Rabbits are commonly used animals for animal experiments. Other common animals used are mice, rats and invertebrates. In 1972, around 450.000 rabbits were used for experiments in the United States, decreasing to around 240.000 in 2006, following the general trend of less animals being used for experiments during especially the last ten years. [cite journal|title=A review of trends in animal use in the United States (1972 – 2006)|author=Kulpa-Eddy et al.|journal=AATEX|issue=14, Special Issue|pages=163–165|publisher=Proc. 6th World Congress on Alternatives & Animal Use in the Life Sciences|url=http://www.soc.nii.ac.jp/jsaae/zasshi/WC6_PC/paper163.pdf]

Rabbits are currently used mainly for the development of polyclonal antibodies and for the controversial Draize test [cite journal|title=The Draize Eye Test and in vitro alternatives; a left-handed marriage? |author=M.K. Prinsen|journal=Toxicology in Vitro|volume=20|year=2006|doi=10.1016/j.tiv.2005.06.030|pages=Pages 78–81] , which is used for example for testing cosmetics on animals. Rabbits have been used in the past for many ground-breaking experiments, including the development of the first oral contraceptive in the 1950's by Pincus, Rock and Chang at the Worcester Institute in Massachusetts, a finding that revolutionized the concept of contraception. [cite journal|title=Famous Animal Experiments, A Historical Perspective|url=http://www.sfbr.org/pdf/ICFAR-keynote-081104.pdf|author=Dr. W. H. Stone] cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Dr. Pincus, Developer of Birth-Control Pill, Dies |url=http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0409.html|publisher=New York Times |date=August 23, 1967 |accessdate=2008-06-15 ]

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