James Halyburton (1518 - February, 1589), Scottish
Protestant reformer, was educated at the University of St Andrews, Fife, where he graduated MA in 1538.
From 1553 to 1586 he was Provost of
St Andrewsand a prominent figure in national life. He was chosen as one of the lords of the congregationin 1557, and commanded the contingents sent by Forfarand Fifeagainst Elizabeth I of Englandin 1559. He took part in the defence of Edinburgh, and in the battles of Langside (1568) and Restalrig (1571).
He had stoutly opposed the marriage of
Mary Queen of Scotswith Lord Darnley, and when, after Restalrig, he was captured by the queen's troops, he narrowly escaped execution. He represented Mortondn at the conference of 1578, and was one of the royal commissionersto the General Assembly of the Church of Scotlandin 1582 and again in 1588.
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