Fort Wadsworth is a United States military installation on
Staten Island, New York, situated on The Narrowswhich divide New York Bayinto Upper and Lower halves, a natural point for defense of the Upper Bay and Manhattanbeyond. Prior to closing in 1994 it claimed to be the longest continually-manned military installation in the United States.
The first use of the land for military purposes was as the site of a blockhouse in 1663. During the
American Revolutionit became known as Flagstaff Fort; captured by the British in 1776, it remained in British hands until the war's end in 1783. It became the responsibility of New York Statein 1806, and reverted to federal control during the War of 1812. Divided into several smaller units, including Fort Tompkinsand Fort Richmond, its present name was adopted in 1864 to honor Brigadier General James Wadsworth, who had been killed in the Battle of the Wildernessduring the Civil War.
In 1910, the fort fired a 21-gun salute to former President
Theodore Rooseveltas his ship passed through the Narrows on his return from a nearly year-long trip to Africa and Europe. [cite book|last=Auchincloss|first=Louis|title=Theodore Roosevelt|publisher=Times Books|location=New York|year=2002|isbn=0805069062|pages=p.112] In 1913, ground was broken by President William Howard Taftfor a proposed National American Indian Memorialthat was to be built on the site of Fort Tompkins. The monument was to include a 165-foot tall statue of an American Indian on the bluff overlooking the Narrows, but difficulties in fundraising and the advent of World War I precluded fruition of the plan. ["Staten Island Register", May 5, 1998, p. 5]
By 1924, Fort Wadsworth had become an
infantrypost, and from 1955 until 1974 it was the headquarters of the 52nd AAA Brigade. It then was the site of the United States Army Chaplain school before being turned over to the United States Navyin 1979, which used it as the headquarters of its New York Naval Station. The property became part of Gateway National Recreation Areawhen the Navy left in 1994. Shortly after that, the United States Coast Guardbecame a tenant in some of the buildings and housing previously occupied by the Navy. As of 2007, they are occupied by the United States Coast Guard's Sector New York [http://homeport.uscg.mil/mycg/portal/ep/portDirectory.do?tabId=1&cotpId=2] and a Maritime Safety and Security Team.
Historic structures include
Battery Weed, directly on the harbor, and Fort Tompkins on the bluff above. Both were built in the mid-19th Century and are open to the public on guided tours only. There are several smaller early 20th Century coastal artillerybatteries and an overlook with panoramic views of the Upper Bay, Brooklynand Manhattan. The National Park Servicemaintains a visitors' center on site.
The name "Fort Wadsworth" is also sometimes used to denote the residential neighborhood surrounding the former fort, the neighborhood south of Rosebank, west of Shore Acres and north of South Beach. This neighborhood once had a station on the South Beach Branch of the
Staten Island Railway; service on this branch ceased in 1953.
* The comic book version of the elite United States military counterterrorism unit was based in "The Pit," a secret underground base beneath the Motor Pool of the Army Chaplains' Assistants School in Fort Wadsworth. After Cobra discovered the location of The Pit and destroyed it in a surprise attack, G.I. Joe relocated its headquarters elsewhere. Although written in 1982, the book still depicted the fort as the home of the "Chaplain's Assistants School", due to
Larry Hama's memories of the fort from his years in the service. Also, Ft. Wadsworth did not actually have a proper motor pool; its equipment was serviced at Fort Hamilton.
[http://www.nps.gov/gate Gateway National Recreation Area] [http://www.statenislandusa.com/pages/ft_wadsworth.html Staten Island tourism info on Fort Wadsworth]
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