Baron Bergavenny

The title Baron Bergavenny (or Abergavenny) was created several times in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of Great Britain, all but the first creation being mistakes.

Abergavenny is a market town in Monmouthshire in south east Wales, with a castle.

It was first created in 1392 for Sir William de Beauchamp, a younger son of the 11th Earl of Warwick. This creation passed to his son, who succeeded as 2nd Baron, and who was subsequently created Earl of Worcester. On his death, the Earldom of Worcester became extinct, but the Barony passed to his daughter, who by modern doctrine succeeded as 3rd Baroness. She died in 1447, when the Barony decended to her son, who succeeded as 4th Baron.

In 1450, however, Sir Edward Nevill, widower of the 3rd Baroness, was summoned to Parliament as Lord Bergavenny. It has been assumed that this summons was intended to be in right of his wife, but as she was already dead and the Barony was already vested in her son by Nevill, by modern doctrine this served to create a new Barony by Writ. This second creation merged with the first creation in 1476, when the 1st Baron died and his son, the aforementioned 4th Baron of the first creation, also became 2nd Baron of the second creation.

In 1587, on the death of the 6th Baron (of the first creation) and 4rd Baron (of the second creation), by modern doctrine both Baronies descended to his daughter, Mary, Lady Fane, wife of Sir Thomas Fane, who thus became "de jure" 7th and 5th Baroness. The title (for it was believed at the time only to be one Barony) was claimed by Edward Nevill, the heir male of the 4th and 2nd Baron, and in 1604 he was summoned to Parliament as Lord Bergavenny. As he was not entitled to either of the existing Baronies, this served to create a further Barony by Writ. By modern doctrine, the first and second creations descended to the Earls of Westmorland, heirs of the 7th and 5th Baroness, until both became abeyant on the death of the 7th Earl (and 14th and 12th Baron) in 1762.

The wrongful assumption that the Barony descended to heirs male continued, and this pattern (heirs general being deprived of their rightful title and heirs male being summoned to Parliament, with a new title being created in the process) was repeated several times, resulting in the fourth to seventh creations. The fourth and fifth creations became extinct on the death of the first holder of each, who both died without heirs, and the sixth became abeyant in 1811. The provenance of the third creation is unclear. It should be noted that none of these new creations were recognised as such at the time.

The last creation, and the only one in the Peerage of Great Britain, came in 1724, in favour of William Nevill. His son, who succeeded as 2nd Baron, was created Earl of Abergavenny in 1784, and the 5th Earl was created Marquess of Abergavenny in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1876. The Barony descended with the Earldom and then also the Marquessate (both of which were limited to heirs male) until 1938, when the 3rd Marquess died leaving no surviving sons but two surviving daughters, whereupon the Barony fell into abeyance between them. The heirs of those daughters, the 6th Marquess Camden and the 23rd Baron Hastings, are each co-heir to one half of the Barony.

Feudal Lords of Abergavenny

*Hamelin de Balun (William I)
*Brientius de Insula (d. c. 1147)
*Miles de Gloucester (Henry I)
*Walter de Hereford (Henry I)
*Henry FitzMiles (Henry I)
*Mahel de Hereford (Henry II of England)
*William de Hereford
*Hugh de Beauchamp
*William de Braose (d. after 1179)
*William de Braose (d. 9 August 1211) (King John of England)
*Giles de Braose (d. 13 November 1216)
*Reginald de Braose (d. 1222?)
*William de Braose (d. 2 May 1230)
*William de Cantelou (d. 1254)
*George de Cantelou (d. 1273)
*John Hastings, 1st Baron Hastings (1258–28 February 1313)
*John Hastings, 2nd Baron Hastings (1287–1325)
*Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke (d. 1348)
*John Hastings, 2nd Earl of Pembroke (d. 1375)
*John Hastings, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (d. 1389)

Barons Bergavenny, first creation (1392—) (abeyant 1762)

*William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny (d. 1411)
*Richard de Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, 2nd Baron Bergavenny (1397–1422) (created Earl of Worcester in 1421, which title extinct on his death)
*Elizabeth de Beauchamp, later Nevill, "de jure" 3rd Baroness Bergavenny (1415–1447)
*George Nevill, 4th and "de jure" 2nd Baron Bergavenny (1440–1492)
*George Nevill, 5th and "de jure" 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1535)
*Henry Nevill, 6th and "de jure" 4th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1587)
*Mary Nevill, later Fane, 7th Baroness le Despenser, "de jure" 7th and 5th Baroness Bergavenny (1554–1626)
*Francis Fane, 1st Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 8th and 6th Baron Bergavenny (1580–1629) (had already been created Earl of Westmorland)
*Mildmay Fane, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 9th and 7th Baron Bergavenny (1602–1666)
*Charles Fane, 3rd Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 10th and 8th Baron Bergavenny (1635–1691)
*Vere Fane, 4th Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 11th and 9th Baron Bergavenny (1645–1693)
*Vere Fane, 5th Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 12th and 10th Baron Bergavenny (1678–1699)
*Thomas Fane, 6th Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 13th and 15th Baron Bergavenny (1683–1736)
*John Fane, 7th Earl of Westmorland, "de jure" 14th and 12th Baron Bergavenny (1685–1762) (first and second creations abeyant on his death)

Barons Bergavenny, second creation (1450—) (abeyant 1762)

*Edward Nevill, "de facto" 3rd and "de jure" 1st Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476)
*George Nevill, 4th and "de jure" 2nd Baron Bergavenny (1440–1492) (had already succeeded as 4th Baron of the first creation):"Thereafter held with the first creation"

Barons Bergavenny, third creation (1604–?)

*Edward Nevill, "de facto" 8th and "de jure" 1st Baron Bergavenny (1551–1622)
*Henry Nevill, "de facto" 9th and "de jure" 2nd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1641)
*Margaret Nevill, later Brooke, "de jure" 3rd Baroness Bergavenny:"Thereafter to her heirs?"

Barons Bergavenny, fourth creation (after 1641–1662)

*John Nevill, "de facto" 10th and "de jure" 1st Baron Bergavenny (1614–1662) (extinct on his death)

Barons Bergavenny, fifth creation (after 1666–1695)

*George Nevill, "de facto" 12th and "de jure" 1st Baron Bergavenny (1665–1695) (extinct on his death)

Barons Bergavenny, sixth creation (1695—) (abeyant 1811)

*George Nevill, "de facto" 13th and "de jure" 1st Baron Bergavenny (d. 1721)
*George Nevill, "de facto" 14th and "de jure" 2nd Baron Bergavenny (1702–1723)
*Edward Nevill, "de facto" 15th and "de jure" 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1724) (abeyant on his death)
*Jane Nevill, later Walter, "de jure" 4th Baroness Bergavenny (d. 1786) (abeyance terminated naturally in 1737)
*John Walter, "de jure" 5th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1806)
*Charlotte Walter, later Senior, "de jure" 6th Baroness Bergavenny (d. 1811) (abeyant on her death)

Barons Bergavenny, seventh creation (1724—) (abeyant 1938)

*William Nevill, "de facto" 16th and "de jure" 1st Baron Bergavenny (d. 1744)
*George Nevill, 1st Earl of Abergavenny, "de facto" 17th and "de jure" 2nd Baron Bergavenny (1727–1785) (created Earl of Abergavenny in 1784)
*Henry Nevill, 2nd Earl of Abergavenny, "de facto" 18th and "de jure" 3rd Baron Bergavenny (1755–1843)
*John Nevill, 3rd Earl of Abergavenny, "de facto" 19th and "de jure" 4th Baron Bergavenny (1789–1845)
*William Nevill, 4th Earl of Abergavenny, "de facto" 20th and "de jure" 5th Baron Bergavenny (1792–1868)
*William Nevill, 1st Marquess of Abergavenny, "de facto" 21st and "de jure" 6th Baron Bergavenny (1826–1915) (created Marquess of Abergavenny in 1876)
*Reginald William Bransby Nevill, 2nd Marquess of Abergavenny, "de facto" 22nd and "de jure" 7th Baron Bergavenny (1853–1927)
*Henry Gilbert Ralph Nevill, 3rd Marquess of Abergavenny, "de facto" 23rd and "de jure" 8th Baron Bergavenny (1854–1938) (abeyant on his death)

Co-heirs:
*David George Edward Henry Pratt, 6th Marquess Camden (b. 1930) (half)
*Delaval Thomas Harold Astley, 23rd Baron Hastings (b. 1960) (half)

Traditional male-line succession

The succession to the notional male-line Barony of Bergavenny as it was generally assumed to be at the time was as follows:

*Edward Nevill, 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476) ("de jure" 1st Baron)
*George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny (1440–1492) ("de jure" 4th and 2nd Baron)
*George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1535) ("de jure" 5th and 3rd Baron)
*Henry Nevill, 6th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1587) ("de jure" 6th and 4th Baron)
*Edward Nevill, 7th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1589)
*Edward Nevill, 8th Baron Bergavenny (1551–1622) ("de jure" 1st Baron)
*Henry Nevill, 9th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1641) ("de jure" 2nd Baron)
*John Nevill, 10th Baron Bergavenny (1614–1662) ("de jure" 1st Baron)
*George Nevill, 11th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1666)
*George Nevill, 12th Baron Bergavenny (1665–1695) ("de jure" 1st Baron)
*George Nevill, 13th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1721) ("de jure" 1st Baron)
*George Nevill, 14th Baron Bergavenny (1702–1723) ("de jure" 2nd Baron)
*Edward Nevill, 15th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1724) ("de jure" 3rd Baron)
*William Nevill, 16th Baron Bergavenny (d. 1744) ("de jure" 1st Baron)
*George Nevill, 1st Earl of Abergavenny, 17th Baron Bergavenny (1727–1785) ("de jure" 2nd Baron) (created Earl of Abergavenny in 1784)
*Henry Nevill, 2nd Earl of Abergavenny, 18th Baron Bergavenny (1755–1843) ("de jure" 3rd Baron)
*John Nevill, 3rd Earl of Abergavenny, 19th Baron Bergavenny (1789–1845) ("de jure" 4th Baron)
*William Nevill, 4th Earl of Abergavenny, 20th Baron Bergavenny (1792–1868) ("de jure" 5th Baron)
*William Nevill, 1st Marquess of Abergavenny, 21st Baron Bergavenny (1826–1915) ("de jure" 6th Baron)
*Reginald William Bransby Nevill, 2nd Marquess of Abergavenny, 22nd Baron Bergavenny (1853–1927) ("de jure" 7th Baron)
*Henry Gilbert Ralph Nevill, 3rd Marquess of Abergavenny, 23td Baron Bergavenny (1854–1938) ("de jure" 8th Baron)
*Guy Temple Montacute Larnach-Nevill, 4th Marquess of Abergavenny, 24th Baron Bergavenny (1883–1954)
*John Henry Guy Nevill, 5th Marquess of Abergavenny, 25th Baron Bergavenny (1914–2000)

On the death of the 5th Marquess of Abergavenny in 2000, the pretense that the Barony of Bergavenny descended to heirs male was finally dropped, and so the 6th Marquess of Abergavenny does not claim to hold it.


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Edward Nevill, 3rd Baron Bergavenny — Edward Nevill, de facto 3rd ( de jure 1st) Baron Bergavenny (bef. 1414 ndash; 18 October 1476) was an English peer. He was the son of Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, daughter of John of Gaunt… …   Wikipedia

  • George Nevill, 5. Baron Bergavenny — George Nevill(e), 5. Baron Bergavenny (* 18. Oktober 1469 in Abergavenny, Wales; † 13. Juni 1535 in Birling, Kent) war ein englischer Adliger, Militärkommandant und Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Henry Nevill, 9th Baron Bergavenny — Henry Nevill, de facto 9th ( de jure 2nd) Baron Bergavenny (b. bef. 1580 – d. c. December 1641) was an English Peer. The son of Edward Nevill, 8th Baron Bergavenny, he succeeded to the Barony upon the death of his father.He married (1) Lady Mary… …   Wikipedia

  • George Nevill, 4th Baron Bergavenny — George Nevill, 4th and de jure 2nd Baron Bergavenny (c.1440 – 20 September 1492) was an English Peer. The son of Sir Edward Nevill, 3rd Baron Bergavenny and Elizabeth Beauchamp, Lady Bergavenny, who was the daughter of Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl …   Wikipedia

  • William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny — William de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Bergavenny, KG (circa 1343 ndash; 8 May 1411) was an English peer. A younger son of the 11th Earl of Warwick, he was summoned to Parliament on 23 July 1392 as Willilmo Beauchamp de Bergavenny , by which he is held… …   Wikipedia

  • George Nevill, 13th Baron Bergavenny — George Nevill, de facto 13th ( de jure 1st) Baron Bergavenny (c.1659 ndash; 11 March 1720/21) was an English peer. The son of George Nevill, he succeeded to the Barony upon the death of the 12th Baron, a distant cousin also called George.He… …   Wikipedia

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  • Edward Nevill, 8th Baron Bergavenny — Edward Nevill, de facto 8th ( de jure 1st) Baron Bergavenny (c. 1550 ndash; 1 December, 1622) was an English Peer. The son of Edward Nevill, 7th Baron Bergavenny, he succeeded to the Barony upon the death of his father.He married Rachel Lennard,… …   Wikipedia


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