Richard Edward Wilson


Richard Edward Wilson

Richard Edward Wilson (born 1941) is an American composer of orchestral, operatic, instrumental, and chamber music. Wilson was born in Cleveland, Ohio, where he was at a young age drawn to the concerts of George Szell and the Cleveland Orchestra. In 1963, Wilson graduated Magna Cum Laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Harvard University, where he studied with Robert Moevs and Randall Thompson. He later received an MA from Rutgers University. He is currently Mary Conover Mellon Professor of Music at Vassar College, where he has taught since 1966. Since 1991 he has been composer-in-residence with the American Symphony Orchestra.

Richard Wilson's compositions are marked by a stringent yet lyrical atonality which often sets him apart from the established schools of modern American music: minimalism, twelve-tone, neo-romanticism, and avant-garde. Two of his works, Eclogue for solo piano, and his String Quartet No. 3, are considered triumphs of twentieth century American music. His large-scale orchestral works include the Symphony No. 1, premiered by the London Philharmonic and recorded by the New Zealand Symphony; "Articulations", written for the San Francisco Symphony. Wilson is also the composer of the one-act whimsical opera, "Æthelred the Unready", based on the exploits of the ill-advised Saxon king, Ethelred II of England.

He classified the three types of irregular resolutions.

Critical Response

Wilson has been praised by 21st Century Music as a "splendidly talented and highly accomplished composer whose music rewards seeking out" [cite web
url = http://www.21st-centurymusic.com/ML210104.pdf
title = Affirming Richard Wilson
publisher = 21st Century Music
author = David Cleary
date = 1 April 2001
accessdate = 2008-07-20
] and by the New York Sun as "possessed of a hard-won idiom that has grown and developed over the years into a probing blend of wit, classic form, modern harmony, and impressionistic color."

The New Yorker has called his "String Quartet No. 3" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/StringQuartetNo_3.pdf] a "richly wrought and unusual composition," while the New York Times has deemed it "a work of substance and expressivity ... [that] merits a place in the active repertory."

In a review of a recent concert, Bernard Holland of the New York Times wrote, "Richard Wilson's Diablerie [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Diablerie.pdf] stood apart, contemporary in its vocabulary and grammar but pursuing always the long, lyrical, sometimes operatically expressive lines and Romantic-era concerto writing." [cite web
url = http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/26/arts/music/26mann.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=%22bernard+Holland%22+and+%22stockhausen%22&st=nyt&oref=slogin
title = Piano Performances Stand Out at Mannes College Festival
publisher = New York Times
author = Bernard Holland
date = 26 Jun 2006
accessdate = 2008-07-20
] A review in Strings Magazine heralded the same composition as "another gem in Wilson's mélange of solo pieces." [cite web
url = http://www.stringsmagazine.com/article/default.aspx?articleid=23619&printable=yes
title = Piano Performances Stand Out at Mannes College Festival
publisher = Strings Magazine
author = Jennifer Caine
date = 1 July 2008
accessdate = 2008-07-20
]

Honors

In 2004 Wilson received an Academy Award in Music from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, from which he previously received the Walter Hinrichsen Award. Other recent honors include: the Stoeger Prize from the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center; a Guggenheim Fellowship; the Cleveland Arts Prize; residencies at the Bogliasco Foundation and the Bellagio Center in Italy; and commissions from the Koussevitsky and Fromm Foundations, Chamber Music America, the Walter W. Naumburg Foundation, the Library of Congress, and the San Francisco Symphony.

Works list

Orchestra

* (1970) "Initiation" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Initiation.pdf]
* (1979) "Violin Concerto" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/ViolinConcerto.pdf]
* (1983) "Bassoon Concerto" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/BassoonConcerto.pdf]
* (1984) "Symphony No. 1" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/SymphonyNo_1.pdf]
* (1986) "Symphony No. 2" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/SymphonyNo_2.pdf]
* (1991) "Piano Concerto" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/TripleConcerto.pdf]
* (1991) "Articulations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Articulations.pdf]
* (1994) "Agitations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Agitations.pdf]
* (1994) "Triple Concerto" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/TripleConcerto.pdf]
* (1995) "Pamietam" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Pamietam.pdf]
* (1997) "A Child's London" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/A%20Child%27s%20London%20orchestra.pdf]
* (1999) "Intimations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Intimations.pdf]
* (2003) "Peregrinations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Peregrinations.pdf]
* (2003) "Silhouette with Revelry" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Silhouette%20with%20Revelry.pdf]
* (2004) "Four Love Songs" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Four%20Love%20Songs.pdf]
* (2006) "The Cello Has Many Secrets" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/The%20Cello%20Has%20Many%20Secrets.pdf]
* (2006) "Chamisha Tehillim" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Chamisha%20Tehillim.pdf]

Works for Mixed Ensemble

* (1963) "Suite for Five Players" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Suite%20for%20Five%20Players.pdf]
* (1964) "Trio for Oboe, Violin and Cello" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Trio%20for%20Oboe.pdf]
* (1965) "Fantasy and Variations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Fantasy%20and%20Variations.pdf]
* (1967) "Concert Piece" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/ConcertPiece.pdf]
* (1969) "Music for Violin and Cello" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/music%20for%20violin%20and%20cello.pdf]
* (1969) "Quartet for Flutes, Bass, and Harpsichord" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Quartet%20for%20Flutes.pdf]
* (1974) "Wind Quintet" [] [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Wind%20Quintet.pdf]
* (1977) "Canzona" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Canzona.pdf]
* (1978) "" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Serenade.pdf]
* (1979) "Deux pas de Trois" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Deux%20Pas%20de%20Trois.pdf]
* (1980) "Figuration" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Figuration.pdf]
* (1981) "Short Notice" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Short%20Notice.pdf]
* (1981) "Gnomics" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Gnomics.pdf]
* (1982) "Character Studies" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/CharacterStudies.pdf]
* (1982) "Dithyramb" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Dithyramb.pdf]
* (1983) "Suite for Winds" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Suite%20for%20Winds.pdf]
* (1984) "Line Drawings" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Line%20Drawings.pdf]
* (1988) "Contentions" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Contentions.pdf]
* (1989) "Sonata for Viola and Piano" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/ViolaSonata.pdf]
* (1990) "Affirmations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Affirmations.pdf]
* (1996) "Three Interludes for Violin and Piano" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/ThreeInterludes.pdf]
* (2000) "Motivations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Motivations.pdf]
* (2003) "Piano Trio" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Piano%20Trio.pdf]
* (2005) "Brash Attacks" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Brash%20Attacks.pdf]
* (2005) "Senza Furore" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Senza%20Furore.pdf]

Works for String Quartet

* (1969) "String Quartet No. 1" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/String%20Quartet%20No%201.pdf]
* (1977) "String Quartet No. 2" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/StringQuartetNo_2.pdf]
* (1982) "String Quartet No. 3" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/StringQuartetNo_3.pdf]
* (1998, 2001) "String Quartet No. 4" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/String%20Quartet%20No%20%204.pdf]

Works for Solo Piano

* (1963) "Three Short Pieces for Piano" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/ThreeShortPieces.pdf]
* (1974) "Eclogue" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Eclogue.pdf]
* (1984) "A Child's London" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/London.pdf]
* (1985) "Fixations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Fixations.pdf]
* (1986) "Intercalations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Intercalations.pdf]

Works for Solo Instruments

* (1971) "Music for Solo Cello" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Music%20for%20Solo%20Cello.pdf]
* (1972) "Music for Solo Flute" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Music_Solo_Flute.pdf]
* (1980) "Profound Utterances" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Profound_Utterances.pdf]
* (1985) "Flutations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Flutations.pdf]
* (1987) "Lord Chesterfield to His Son" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/LordChesterfield.pdf]
* (1988) "Music for Solo Viola" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Music%20for%20Solo%20Viola.pdf]
* (1989) "Intonations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Intonations.pdf]
* (1992) "Civilization and Its Discontents" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Civilization.pdf]
* (1995) "Touchstones" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Touchstones.pdf]
* (2000) "Ironies" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Ironies.pdf]
* (2004) "Diablerie" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Diablerie.pdf]
* (2003) "Organicity" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Organicity.pdf]
* (2006) "Gravitas" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Gravitas.pdf]

Works for Voice

* (1969) "The Second Law" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/The_Second_Law.pdf]
* (1975) "The Ballad of Longwood Glen" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Ballad.pdf]
* (1980) "A Theory" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/A_Theory.pdf]
* (1984) "Three Painters" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Three_Painters.pdf]
* (1988) "Tribulations" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Tribulations.pdf]
* (1990) "Persuasions" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Persuasions.pdf]
* (1992) "On the Street" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/On%20the%20Street.pdf]
* (1995) "Five Love Songs on Poems by John Skelton" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Five%20Love%20Songs.pdf]
* (1996) "Lights on the River" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Lights%20on%20the%20River.pdf]
* (1996) "Transfigured Goat" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Transfigured_Goat.pdf]
* (2000) "Three Songs on Poems by John Ashbery" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Three%20Ashbery%20Songs.pdf]
* (2005) "Visits to St. Elizabeth's" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Visits%20to%20St%20Elizabeth.pdf]
* (2006) "Three Songs on Poems by Paul Kane" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Three%20Songs%20on%20Poems%20of%20Paul%20Kane.pdf]
* (2006) "I Walked Through the Medieval Town" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/I%20Walked%20Through.pdf]

Works for Choir

* (1968) "A Dissolve" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/A_Dissolve.pdf]
* (1968) "Can" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Can.pdf]
* (1968) "Light in Spring Poplars" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Light%20in%20Spring%20Poplars.pdf]
* (1968, 1972) "In Schrafft's" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/In_Schraffts.pdf]
* (1969) "Soaking" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Soaking.pdf]
* (1970) "Home From the Range" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Home%20From%20the%20Range.pdf]
* (1971) "Elegy" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Elegy.pdf]
* (1972) "Hunter's Moon" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Hunters_Moon.pdf]
* (1976) "August 22" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/August22.pdf]
* (1995) "Poor Warren" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/PoorWarren.pdf]

Opera

* (1994, 2001) "Aethelred the Unready" [http://www.aethelred.com/]

Concert Band

* (1981) "Eleven Sumner Place" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Eleven_Sumner_Place.pdf]
* (1987) "Jubilation" [http://faculty.vassar.edu/riwilson/compositions/Jubilation.pdf]

Discography

* [http://www.albanyrecords.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AR&Product_Code=TROY773&Category_Code=VCN&Search=richard+wilson&Offset=&filter_cat=&exclude_word=&the_fieldlist=g.SRCH_CODE|g.SRCH_NAME|g.SRCH_PRICE|g.SRCH_COMPOSER|g.SRCH_CONTENTS&range_low=&range_high=&dopowersearch=1&SRCH_CATEGORY_HF=&PowerSearch_Begin_Only= "Richard Wilson: Diablerie"] Albany Records TROY 773
* [http://www.albanyrecords.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AR&Product_Code=TROY573&Category_Code=VCN&Search=richard+wilson&Offset=&filter_cat=&exclude_word=&the_fieldlist=g.SRCH_CODE|g.SRCH_NAME|g.SRCH_PRICE|g.SRCH_COMPOSER|g.SRCH_CONTENTS&range_low=&range_high=&dopowersearch=1&SRCH_CATEGORY_HF=&PowerSearch_Begin_Only= "Richard Wilson: String Quartets"] Albany Records TROY 573
* [http://www.albanyrecords.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AR&Product_Code=TROY512&Category_Code=VCN&Search=richard+wilson&Offset=&filter_cat=&exclude_word=&the_fieldlist=g.SRCH_CODE|g.SRCH_NAME|g.SRCH_PRICE|g.SRCH_COMPOSER|g.SRCH_CONTENTS&range_low=&range_high=&dopowersearch=1&SRCH_CATEGORY_HF=&PowerSearch_Begin_Only= "Richard Wilson: Aethelred the Unready"] Albany Records TROY 512
* [http://www.albanyrecords.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AR&Product_Code=TROY389&Category_Code=VCN&Search=richard+wilson&Offset=&filter_cat=&exclude_word=&the_fieldlist=g.SRCH_CODE|g.SRCH_NAME|g.SRCH_PRICE|g.SRCH_COMPOSER|g.SRCH_CONTENTS&range_low=&range_high=&dopowersearch=1&SRCH_CATEGORY_HF=&PowerSearch_Begin_Only= "Richard Wilson: Affirmations"] Albany Records TROY 389
* [http://www.peermusicclassical.com/composer/composerdetail.cfm?detail=wilsondiscography "Richard Wilson: Symphony No. 1"] Koch International Classics/ Peermusic Classical
* [http://www.albanyrecords.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AR&Product_Code=TROY333&Category_Code=VCN&Search=richard+wilson&Offset=&filter_cat=&exclude_word=&the_fieldlist=g.SRCH_CODE|g.SRCH_NAME|g.SRCH_PRICE|g.SRCH_COMPOSER|g.SRCH_CONTENTS&range_low=&range_high=&dopowersearch=1&SRCH_CATEGORY_HF=&PowerSearch_Begin_Only= "Stresses in the Peaceable Kingdom: The Choral Music of Richard Wilson"] Albany Records TROY 333
* [http://www.albanyrecords.com/Merchant2/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=AR&Product_Code=TROY074&Category_Code=VCN&Search=richard+wilson&Offset=&filter_cat=&exclude_word=&the_fieldlist=g.SRCH_CODE|g.SRCH_NAME|g.SRCH_PRICE|g.SRCH_COMPOSER|g.SRCH_CONTENTS&range_low=&range_high=&dopowersearch=1&SRCH_CATEGORY_HF=&PowerSearch_Begin_Only= "Richard Wilson: Chamber Music"] Albany Records TROY 074
* [http://www.newworldrecords.org/album.cgi?rm=view&album_id=17386 "Richard Wilson: String Quartet No. 3, Eclogue, et. al"] CRI/ New World Records NWCR602
* [http://www.newworldrecords.org/album.cgi?rm=view&album_id=17360 "Richard Wilson: Bassoon Concerto"] CRI/ New World Records NWCR575
* [http://www.newworldrecords.org/album.cgi?rm=view&album_id=17401 "Richard Wilson: Piano Concerto"] CRI/ New World Records NWCR618

References

* [http://www.worldwhoswho.com/views/entry.html?id=cm-wil-7759&ssid=295591364&n=4 International Who's Who]
* [http://peermusicclassical.com/composer/composerdetail.cfm?detail=wilsonessay "Richard Wilson and His Music" by Bernard Jacobson]

External links

* [http://www.richardwilson.org Richard Wilson Homepage]
* [http://music.vassar.edu/faculty/wilson.html Vassar College-- Richard Wilson, bio]

Notes


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