Control center solutions
Control Center Solution is a generic term for different flavors of technical arrangement within command & control facilities. They represent more or less integrated installations that are used to manage resources in order to achieve results in complex environments. Common to all Control Center Solutions are underlying principles of control.
Control Center follow a Purpose which - very generic - is to control and/or to apply control principles in order to affect a Target in a desired way. The purpose as such is outside the Control Center entity and defines its mission. Typically, the most advanced control centers operate in safety critical environments with complex missions:
- Air Traffic Control Centers (ATCC)
- Search and Rescue Centers (SAR)
- Space Mission Control Centers
- Harbor Control Centers,
- Police Dispatch and Control Centers,
- Fire fighter Dispatch and Control Centers.
Today Control Centers represent large facilities, impressive buildings with equally impressive infrastructure and potentially hundreds of controllers working.
Dispatched Control Center
Control Centers are not necessarily fixed to a distinct location, although they typically are. In recent years remote missions with dispatched resources become more frequent in particular in Defense (Peacekeeping Missions) and Crisis Management. The "center" becomes a mobile unit.
Even more progressively, Control Centers may not need a distinct space at all. Based on communications infrastructure with high availability figures controllers/commanders may operate on the spot with mobile devices retrieving all required information from the network (network centrics).
Control is generally based on a control loop that consists of
- Sensors - generate data which represent (part of) the current environment (incl. human beings: e.g. observation reports)
- Actuators - affect the environment (incl. human beings: e.g. firefighter is an actuator)
- Controllers - forms a picture of the current situation, compares it with the intended situation and either decides on the adaptation of the intended situation (changing the plan) or formulates and decides on an action affecting the environment. This decision making process may include human operators, but not necessarily.
- Communications - all functional elements of the Control Loop require adequate connectivity amongst each other
These entities together form a feedback loop which allows to detect changes on the affected target as a response to actions aimed for affect the target. The efficiency and effectiveness of this feedback loop depends on the quality of information generated and processed and the processing delays.
Control/Decision Making can be differentiated in
- Current Situation - representation of Target parameters relevant for fulfilling the purpose
- Desired/Intended Situation - representation of Target parameters relevant for fulfilling the purpose
- Decision Support (Deviation Analysis, Suggestions) and Decision Making
- Command & Control - elements that provide access to the Actuators (voice communication,..)
- Documentation & Analysis - generates database that feeds back into Decision Support (learning factor)
Sensors produce data which is transformed into information when presented as part of the surveillance picture. The closer the process gets to the decision making phase the more a transformation into knowledge can be observed. Completing the loop the characteristic of the content develops back into information and finally data which is operated by the actuator.
Control Center Solution
A Control Center Solution is a distinct compilation and integration of specialized services and components (equipment) which - each for itself or by mutual interaction - form part of a control loop required to follow the purpose.
Using a fire fighter mission as an example the whole control loop would operate as follows: The purpose is to remove the fire. Front line fire fighter observe the scene and act as sensors by reporting back to the mission command. With these reports and other sources of data a picture of the current situation is generated which deviates from the intended situation which may be "no fire". Considering the characteristics of the surveillance information and the quality of the deviation between now and should be mission command may decide to change the plan or order for an attack led by fire fighter. The target is the fire. .
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Control Center Solutions — Unter Control Center Solution versteht man die generische Betrachtung von Leitzentralen (bzw. Einsatzzentralen, Leitstellen) mit sicherheitsrelevanten Aufgaben. Die Aufgabe einer Control Center Solution (innovativen Leitzentralen Lösung) besteht… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Christopher C. Kraft Jr. Mission Control Center — For other places with the same name, see Mission control center. The White Flight Control Room prior to STS 114 in 2005 NASA s Christopher C. Kraft, Jr. Mission Control Center (MCC H), also known by its radio callsign, Houston, at the Lyndon B.… … Wikipedia
Mission control center — Not to be confused with Mission Control Centre (Cospas Sarsat). The International Space Station control room at NASA s Mission Control Center. A mission control center (MCC) is an entity that manages aerospace vehicle flights, usually from the… … Wikipedia
Mission Control Center — (MCC) is a unit that manages aerospace flights. MCC is often part of an aerospace agency. There are several such agencies in the world, the three biggest ones being:*National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) *Russian Federal Space… … Wikipedia
Control Data Corporation — (CDC) was a supercomputer firm. For most of the 1960s, it built the fastest computers in the world by far, only losing that crown in the 1970s after Seymour Cray left the company to found Cray Research, Inc. (CRI). CDC was one of the nine major… … Wikipedia
Center of Excellence in Nanotechnology at AIT — Center of Excellence at AIT CoEN @ AIT Motto There is no sky to limit us at the bottom Type Center of Excellence Endowment … Wikipedia
Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation — The Center for Arms Control and Non Proliferation is a non profit, non partisan policy organization that produces research and analysis on numerous peace and security issues. The Center was established in 1980 after having been known as the… … Wikipedia
Center for Advanced Defense Studies — The Center for Advanced Defense Studies (CADS) is a Washington, D.C. based non profit, non governmental National Security Group founded by Dr. Newton Howard. CADS utilizes the intent centric paradigm to promote research, innovation and education… … Wikipedia
Command center — War room redirects here. For the film, see The War Room. For the fictional location in the Power Rangers series, see Power Chamber. War Room at Stevns Fortress used in Denmark during the Cold War A command center (often called a war room) is any… … Wikipedia
Combat Information Center — A Combat Information Center (CIC), or Action Information Center (AIC) is the tactical center of a warship, manned and equipped to collect, present, manage, evaluate and disseminate information for the use of the embarked flag officer, commanding… … Wikipedia