- Council of State of Luxembourg
The Council of State (Luxembourgish: Staatsrot, French: Conseil d'État, German: Staatsrat) is an institution in Luxembourg that advises the national legislature, the Chamber of Deputies. Until 1 January 1997, it was also the country's supreme administrative court, but this function was ceded to the newly created Administrative Tribunal and Administrative Court.
The Council of State was created by King-Grand Duke William III in the Coup of 1856. It was originally entirely appointed by the Grand Duke, but this was changed in 1866, and, despite the roll-back of many changes brought about by the coup, the Council of State has otherwise remained.
The Council of State is composed of twenty-one councillors, who are appointed by the Grand Duke. Of these, at least eleven must hold doctorates in law. Neither number applies to members of the Grand Ducal Family, who may be appointed as additional members of the Council. Membership is restricted to Luxembourgian nationals, who are resident in the Grand Duchy, are in possession of their full civil and political rights, and are at least 30 years old. The final restriction does not apply to the heir to the Grand Duchy, who may be appointed as soon as he or she is granted that title. Thus, the current Hereditary Grand Duke, Guillaume who is under 30, is still a member of the Council.
Position Name Nominator Councillor since President Georges Schroeder CSV 7 June 1994 Vice Presidents Viviane Ecker LSAP 29 March 2001 Claude Hemmer DP 25 November 1993 Councillors Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke Grand Duke 10 June 2006 Agnès Durdu DP 7 April 2006 Victor Gillen DP 20 December 1999 Albert Hansen CSV 23 February 2001 Erna Hennicot-Schoepges CSV 10 November 2009 René Kollwelter LSAP 29 April 2005 Charles Lampers CSV 28 February 2011 Lydie Lorang CSV 1 February 2010 Roger Molitor CSV 15 February 2008 Romain Nati LSAP 15 October 2004 Georges Pierret CSV 14 January 2000 Agnès Rausch Greens 22 February 2000 Albert Rodesch LSAP 13 February 2003 Patrick Santer CSV 27 April 2009 Marc Schaefer LSAP 18 December 2006 Kik Schneider DP 8 April 2000 Paul Schmit DP 9 June 2000 Françoise Thoma CSV 27 October 2000 Georges Wivenes CSV 1 August 2006
- ^ Marc Feyereisen. "Report for Luxembourg". Association of Councils of State and Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions of the European Union. http://www.juradmin.eu/en/eurtour/i/countries/luxembourg/luxembourg_en.pdf. Retrieved 2 December 2009.
- ^ (French) Christiane Huberty (November 2006). "Le Conseil d'État – un produit du conflit constitutionnel du milieu du XIXe siècle". forum.lu. http://www.forum.lu/pdf/artikel/5921_261_Huberty.pdf. Retrieved 2 December 2009.
- ^ a b c d (French) "Composition". Council of State. http://www.conseil-etat.public.lu/fr/composition/index.html. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- ^ (French) "Membres". Council of State. http://www.conseil-etat.public.lu/fr/composition/membres/index.html. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- ^ (French) "On achève bien les chevaux". Forum 261. Forum. 10 November 2006. http://www.forum.lu/pdf/artikel/5930_261_Klein.pdf. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- ^ (French) "Membres depuis 1857". Council of State. http://www.conseil-etat.public.lu/fr/composition/anciensmembres/membresdepuis1857/index.html. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- ^ (German) "Neues Mitglied für Staatsrat steht fest". Luxemburger Wort. 15 February 2011. http://www.wort.lu/wort/web/letzebuerg/artikel/2011/02/141822/neues-mitglied-fuer-staatsrat-steht-fest.php. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- ^ (German) Zeimet, Laurent (14 January 2010). "Wird Lydie Lorang neues Mitglied des Staatsrates?". Luxemburger Wort. http://www.wort.lu/wort/web/letzebuerg/artikel/68098/wird-lydie-lorang-neues-mitglied-des-staatsrates.php. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- ^ (German) "Zu langsam, zu undemokratisch". Luxemburger Wort. 12 October 2009. http://newwww.wort.lu/wort/web/letzebuerg/artikel/49948/zu-langsam-zu-undemokratisch.php. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- (French) Council of State official website
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