Taum Sauk Mountain
Taum Sauk Mountain
Taum Sauk Mountain is part of a large parks-and-wilderness area.
Elevation 1,772 ft (540 m) Listing U.S. state high point Location Iron County, Missouri, USA Range Saint Francois Mountains Coordinates Coordinates: Topo map USGS Ironton Climbing Easiest route Hike
Taum Sauk Mountain (pronounced /ˈtɔːm ˈsɔːk/) in the Saint Francois Mountains is the highest natural point in the U.S. state of Missouri, 1,772 feet (540 m) above mean sea level. The topography of Taum Sauk is that of a somewhat flat ridge rather than a peak.
While not as impressive at 1,772 feet (540 m) as other peaks, Taum Sauk and the St. Francois range are true mountains, being the result of a volcanic orogeny. Whereas vertical relief in the rest of the Ozarks region is the result of erosion of sedimentary strata, the St. Francois are an ancient Precambrian igneous uplift several times older than the Appalachians. Geologists believe that Taum Sauk and its neighbors may be among the few areas in the US never to have been submerged in ancient seas. The peaks of the St. Francois range existed as islands in the shallow seaway throughout most of the Paleozoic Era as the sandstones, limestones, and shales typical of the Ozarks were deposited. Weathering and erosion of these ancient peaks provided the clastic sediments of the surrounding rock layers.
Although Taum Sauk Mountain is the highest mountain in Missouri at 1,772 feet above sea level, Taum Sauk is not the tallest Mountain from base to summit. Taum Sauk rises from an an already elevated plain. The tallest mountain in Missouri is Black Mountain. Although Black Mountain is only the 42nd highest mountain in terms of elevation above sea level, it rises from the St. Francis River running at its base, at approximately 540 feet above sea level, to a summit of 1,506 feet. Black Mountain rises just under 1,000 feet, while Taum Sauk rises approximately 700 feet.
Taum Sauk is the highest mountain in Missouri. Black Mountain is the tallest mountain in Missouri.
In 1991 Missouri created Taum Sauk Mountain State Park, a 7,448-acre (30.14 km2) state park on the mountain: it has a rustic campground, a paved trail to the highpoint marked by a polished granite plaque, and a lookout tower from which a good view can be had; the dense forest on the mountain obscures the view from most other vantage points. Taum Sauk State Park is in a common jurisdiction with nearby Johnson's Shut-ins State Park, and together they comprise the second largest state park in Missouri with a total area of 15,961.5 acres (64.594 km2). These parks and the adjacent Bell Mountain Wilderness Area make up part of a large wilderness area that is very popular with hikers and backpackers. The 33-mile (53 km) Taum Sauk section of the Ozark Trail is considered by the Ozark Trail Association to be one of the finest trails in Missouri.
Mina Sauk Falls, the highest waterfall in Missouri, is on Taum Sauk and can be visited by hiking a rugged trail that makes a 3-mile (4.8 km) loop from the highpoint parking area. These falls normally have water cascading over them only during times of wet weather. At other times they are reduced to a trickle or less.
The Taum Sauk pumped storage plant, which failed on December 14, 2005 sending a flash flood 20 feet (6 m) deep down the Black River, is not actually on Taum Sauk Mountain. It is on Proffit Mountain, about five miles (8 km) southwest.
- ^ "Elevations and Distances in the United States (online edition)". United States Geological Survey. 2001. http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved 2008-01-24.
- ^ Mary Eakins (November 2007). "The Legend of Taum Sauk Mountain". Missouri Vacation!. River Valley Region Association. http://missouri-vacations.com/taum-sauk-mountain-state-park/. Retrieved 2010-09-19.
- ^ "Taum Sauk Section". The Ozark Trail. The Ozark Trail Association. http://www.ozarktrail.com/taumsauk.php?PHPSESSID=944497deb720cfc9bbba530b90439841. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Unklesbay, A.G; & Vineyard, Jerry D. (1992). Missouri Geology — Three Billion Years of Volcanoes, Seas, Sediments, and Erosion. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0-8262-0836-3.
U.S. State Highest Natural Points
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Taum Sauk Mountain — Die Granitplatte auf der Spitze der Erhebung markiert den Gipfel (Höhenangabe in Fuß) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Taum Sauk Mountain — ▪ mountain, Missouri, United States mountain in Iron county, southeastern Missouri, U.S., highest point (1,772 feet [540 m]) of the St. Francois Mountains and of the state. Centrepiece of Taum Sauk Mountain State Park, it is part of the… … Universalium
Taum Sauk Mountain State Park — is located in the Saint Francois Mountains in Missouri (USA). It is centered around Taum Sauk Mountain, the highest point in the state.The park has a rustic campground, a paved trail to the highpoint, picnic facilities, and a lookout tower from… … Wikipedia
Taum Sauk pumped storage plant — The remains of the Taum Sauk pumped storage plant are located in the St. Francois mountain region of the Missouri Ozarks approximately 90 miles (145 km) south of St. Louis near Lesterville, Missouri. The pumped storage hydroelectric plant,… … Wikipedia
Mont Taum Sauk — Vue du mont Taum Sauk. Géographie Altitude 540 m Massif Montagnes Saint François … Wikipédia en Français
Wildcat Mountain (Missouri) — Wildcat Mountain is a Convert|1770|ft|m|lk=on|adj=on summit in Iron County, Missouri, located Convert|1.4|mi|km|1|lk=on west of Taum Sauk Mountain, Missouri s highest peak. Wildcat Mountain s summit elevation is only two feet less than that of… … Wikipedia
Ozark Trail (hiking trail) — Completed sections of the Ozark Trail … Wikipedia
Saint Francois Mountains — The Saint Francois Mountains, a range located in southeast Missouri, is an outcrop of Precambrian igneous rock mountains rising over the Ozark Plateau. This range is one of the oldest exposures of igneous rock in North America. The range is often … Wikipedia
Fredericktown, Missouri — City L … Wikipedia
Iron County, Missouri — Infobox U.S. County county = Iron County state = Missouri founded year = 1857 founded date = February 17 seat wl = Ironton largest city wl = Ironton area total sq mi = 552 area total km2 = 1430 area land sq mi = 551 area land km2 = 1428 area… … Wikipedia