- James D. Henry
Infobox Military Person
name=James D. Henry
March 5, 1834
New Orleans, Louisiana
Illinois Militia( United States Army)
Winnebago War Battle of Wisconsin Heights( Black Hawk War)
James D. Henry (1797 –
March 5, 1834) was a militiaofficer from the U.S. stateof Illinoiswho rose to the rank of general during the Black Hawk War. Henry was born in Pennsylvania in 1797, and moved to Edwardsville, Illinoisin 1822. In 1825, while living in Edwardsville, he was indicted with two other men for the murder of an acquaintance, though he never went to trial. One defendant was tried but found not guilty, and following the trial Henry moved to Springfield, Illinoiswhere he was elected sheriff. When the Winnebago Warbroke out in 1827 Henry acted as adjutantfor four companies of volunteers.
Henry's military career continued in the prelude of the Black Hawk War of 1832. He was put in command of a
regimentin 1831 in response to Chief Black Hawk's incursion into Illinois in 1831. Though he left without bloodshed, he would come back in April 1832 and ignite the Black Hawk War. Henry played a major role in the Battle of Wisconsin Heights, leading elements of four mounted Illinois Militiaregiments in combat against Black Hawk's warriors. After the war, sick with "disease of the lungs," Henry sought respite in New Orleanswhere he died on March 5, 1834.
James D. Henry was born in
Pennsylvaniain 1797. By the time he reached adulthood, Henry was barely able to read or write, having spent much of his time working in trades. In 1822 he arrived in Edwardsville, Illinoisand began working as a mechanic by day, while attending night school.
January 29, 1825, while at the Benjamin Stephenson Housefor a party, Daniel D. Smith was stabbed to death. Apparently, an argument occurred and Smith was later found in the dining room with a stab wound, as the group was picking him up he uttered "Winchester," and died.Belschner, Julie. " [http://www.stephensonhouse.com/newspaper%20articles/edwardsville_journal_102903.html 'No one was ever there' So what is behind the footsteps and other strange noises at the Stephenson House in Edwardsville?] ," "Edwardsville Journal" ( Edwardsville, Illinois), 23 October 2003. Retrieved 15 August 2007.] News reports in "The Spectator" (Edwardsville, Illinois) indicated that Smith was "killed in an affray" at the Stephenson House. Henry, James W. Stephenson, and Palemon Winchester were indictedfor the murder. Though all three men were charged with the crime, Stephenson and Henry were released on bond.Henry. " [http://www.stephensonhouse.com/henry23.htm Inside the Stephenson House - November 14, 2002] ," Henry's Newsletter, Newsletter #23, "Friends of Col. Benjamin Stephenson House". Retrieved 15 August 2007.]
Winchester was the only defendant who wound up facing trial in the murder. Winchester's lawyer argued that Smith was guilty of
verbal assaultagainst the defendant and Winchester was found not guilty.Henry. " [http://www.stephensonhouse.com/henry11.htm Inside the Stephenson House - July 8, 2002] ," Henry's Newsletter, Newsletter #11, "Friends of Col. Benjamin Stephenson House". Retrieved 15 August 2007.] The verdict was reported in "The Spectator" on March 22, 1825.Henry. " [http://www.stephensonhouse.com/henry23.htm Inside the Stephenson House - November 14, 2002] ," Henry's Newsletter, Newsletter #23, "Friends of Col. Benjamin Stephenson House". Retrieved 15 August 2007.]
In 1826 Henry moved to
Springfield, Illinoiswhere he worked as a merchant. Soon after arriving in Springfield, Henry was elected sheriffof Sangamon County.Power, John Carroll. " [http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilsangam/1876/henry.htm Henry, James D.] " ( [http://books.google.com/books?id=HEWYAAAACAAJ&dq=EARLY+SETTLERS+OF+SANGAMON+COUNTY+-+1876&ie=ISO-8859-1 Google Books] ), originally published: "History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois", Edwin A. Wilson ed., Springfield, Ill.: 1876. Republished: 1998, Heritage Books, (ISBN 0788410180).]
Henry's first military experience came during the 1827
Winnebago War, while he was working as sheriff. A battalionof four companies was raised in Sangamon County under the command of Colonel Tom M. Neale with Henry acting as adjutant. The group marched to Peoria and then, on to Galena, Illinois. When Red Birdgave himself up, the war ended and the detachment from Sangamon County returned home.Power, John Carroll. " [http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilsangam/sanghist.htm Sangamon County] " ( [http://books.google.com/books?id=HEWYAAAACAAJ&dq=EARLY+SETTLERS+OF+SANGAMON+COUNTY+-+1876&ie=ISO-8859-1 Google Books] ), originally published: "History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois", Edwin A. Wilson ed., Springfield, Ill.: 1876. Republished: 1998, Heritage Books, (ISBN 0788410180).]
Tension rose through the late 1820s and early 1830s between the United States and
SaukChief Black Hawk's " British Band." On May 27, 1831, as a result of one of several Sauk "invasions" preceding the 1832 Black Hawk War, Illinois Governor John Reynolds called for 700 volunteer soldiers to meet at Beardstown on June 10. 1,600 men showed up at Beardstown on June 10and the governor accepted them all into service, organizing the troops into two regiments; Henry was appointed commander of the first regiment. The crises ended without bloodshed but less than a year later war would erupt in Illinoisand Michigan Territory.
April 5, 1832Black Hawk returned to Illinois, this time to stay, and it triggered the Black Hawk War.Lewis, James. " [http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/blackhawk/background.html Background] ," The Black Hawk War of 1832, Abraham Lincoln Digitization Project, "Northern Illinois University". Retrieved 15 August 2007.] James D. Henry, by this time a lieutenant colonelin the Illinois Militia, was put in command of a spy battalion that was mustered into service in response to an April 16call for volunteers. Henry's spy battalion was under the command of General Samuel Whiteside. Following the Battle of Stillman's Run, much of the initial force's enlistments expired and they were discharged."Illinois State Military Museum", " [http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/Museum/HistoricalEvents/Blackhawk.htm Black Hawk War] ," Historical Events. Retrieved 15 August 2007.] When a regiment of volunteers were raised they were put under the command of a Colonel Fry and Henry. The men, a total of 3,200 volunteers, marched to Fort Wilburn(present-day Peru, Illinois) and were organized into three brigades. On June 18, 1832, James D. Henry was elected general of the 1,200 man third brigade.
Following several small massacres and skirmishes, and an inconclusive skirmish in late June at Kellogg's Grove, Black Hawk and his band fled the approaching militia through Wisconsin. They had passed through what are now Beloit and Janesville, then followed the Rock River toward Horicon Marsh, where they headed west toward the Four Lakes region (near modern-day Madison). The British Band camped for the night near Pheasant Branch.McCann, Dennis. " [http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=597233 Black Hawk's name, country's shame lives on] ," "Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel",
April 28 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2007.]
The U.S. force of 600-750 militia men had picked up Black Hawk's trail following the
Battle of Pecatonica. Colonel Henry Dodgeand Henry pursued the band up the Rock River, engaging in minor skirmishes along the way.Lewis, James. " [http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/blackhawk/page2c.html The Black Hawk War of 1832] ," Abraham Lincoln Digitization Project, "Northern Illinois University", p. 2C. Retrieved 15 August 2007.] Cole, Harry Ellsworth, ed." [http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/WI.ColeStandardv1 A Standard History of Sauk County, Wisconsin: Volume I] ", Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1918, pp. 170-171. Available online via [http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/WI/ The State of Wisconsin Collection] , University of Wisconsin. Retrieved 15 August 2007.] Smith, William Rudolph. " [http://books.google.com/books?id=6vNJROIT-18C&pg=PA228&dq=Battle+of+Pecatonica&ie=ISO-8859-1#PPA228,M1 The History of Wisconsin: In Three Parts, Historical, Documentary, and Descriptive] ", ( Google Books), B. Brown: 1854, pp. 228-230. Retrieved 15 August 2007.] On 21 July 1832, the militia caught up with Black Hawk's band as they attempted to cross the Wisconsin River, in present-day Roxbury Township, in Dane County, near Sauk City, Wisconsin. Dodge and a Major Ewing came upon the battlefield at Wisconsin Heights first and captured an elevated area that later acquired the name "Militia Ridge." The militia occupied a solid position as General Henry arrived, accompanied by three regiments of mounted Illinois Militia. Henry formed his men into a right angle firing line and exchanged gunfire with Black Hawk's men for around 30 minutes. A Dodge-led bayonetcharge ended the battle, sending the remaining warriors scattering." [http://www.geocities.com/old_lead/wisheights01.htm The Battle of Wisconsin Heights July 21, 1832: A Virtual Tour!] ", "Old Lead Regional Historical Society". Retrieved 15 August 2007.]
Late life and death
When Henry returned from the Black Hawk War it was to public reception and recognition but his time on the campaign had ailed him. He sought respite in the warmer climates of the southern United States. On
March 1, 1834at a public meeting in New Salem, Illinois, attended by Abraham Lincoln, the citizens of New Salem offered Henry their "cordial and hearty support" for the office of Governor of Illinois.Lincoln, Abraham. " [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=lincoln;rgn=div1;view=text;idno=lincoln1;node=lincoln1%3A29 Report of a Political Meeting] ," "Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 1", via "University of Michigan". Retrieved 15 August 2007.]
James D. Henry died in
New Orleans, Louisianaon March 5, 1834after contracting a "disease of the lungs." A memorial service for Henry was held at the Sangamon County Courthouse, in Springfield on April 20, 1834, it was attended by Abraham Lincoln and other state dignitaries." [http://www.thelincolnlog.org/view/1834/4 April 20, 1834] , "Sangamon Journal", 25 April 1834, via "The Lincoln Log". Retrieved 15 August 2007.] The city of Henry, Illinois, established the year he died, was named for him." [http://www.henryil.com/history.shtml History of Henry, Illinois] " "City of Henry", official site. Retrieved 15 August 2007.]
NAME = Henry, James D.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = 19th century American militiamen
SHORT DESCRIPTION =
DATE OF BIRTH = 1797
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH =
March 5 1834
PLACE OF DEATH =
New Orleans, Louisiana
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
JAMES, SIR HENRY — military engineer; superintended the geological survey of Ireland, and became in 1854 director general of the Ordnance Survey (1803 1877) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
James Louis Henry Sobieski — ( pl. Jakub Ludwik Henryk Sobieski; November 2, 1667 in Paris ndash; December 19, 1737 in Zhovkva) was Crown Prince of Poland.BiographyJames Sobieski was born on November 2, 1667 in Paris, France, the son of king John III of Poland and Marie… … Wikipedia
James Augustus Henry Murray — noun Scottish philologist and the lexicographer who shaped the Oxford English Dictionary (1837 1915) • Syn: ↑Murray, ↑James Murray, ↑James Augustus Murray, ↑Sir James Murray, ↑Sir James Augustus Murray, ↑Sir James Augustus Henry Murray • Insta … Useful english dictionary
Sir James Augustus Henry Murray — noun Scottish philologist and the lexicographer who shaped the Oxford English Dictionary (1837 1915) • Syn: ↑Murray, ↑James Murray, ↑James Augustus Murray, ↑James Augustus Henry Murray, ↑Sir James Murray, ↑Sir James Augustus Murray • Instance… … Useful english dictionary
Murray,Sir James Augustus Henry — Murray, Sir James Augustus Henry. 1837 1915. British philologist and the original lexicographer (1879 1915) of the Oxford English Dictionary. * * * … Universalium
Banks, James and Henry — , Salisbury, other sons of the same. James is said to have been an excellent workman in his father s style, and dates about 1805 … Violins and Violin Makers. Biographical Dictionary
Murray, Sir James (Augustus Henry) — born Feb. 7, 1837, Denholm, Roxburghshire, Scot. died July 26, 1915, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. Scottish lexicographer. He taught in a grammar school (1855–85). His Dialect of the Southern Counties of Scotland (1873) and a major article on English … Universalium
Murray, James A. Henry — ► (1837 1915) Lexicógrafo británico. Autor del Diccionario de Oxford … Enciclopedia Universal
Murray, Sir James (Augustus Henry) — (7 feb. 1837, Denholm, Roxburghshire, Escocia–26 jul. 1915, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra). Lexicógrafo escocés. Impartió clases en una escuela de gramática (1855–85). Su obra Dialect of the Southern Counties of Scotland [Dialecto de los… … Enciclopedia Universal
Murray, Sir James Augustus Henry — LL.D., D.C.L., etc. (b. 1837) Philologist. Ed. of New English Dictionary, Dialect of the Southern Counties of Scotland, has ed. various works for the Early English Text Society, etc … Short biographical dictionary of English literature