Washington County Courthouse (Oregon)
building_name = Washington County Courthouse
caption = Entrance to the courthouse
building_type = Courthouse
architectural_style = Neo-classical
owner = Washington County
coordinates = coord|45|31|23|N|122|59|19|W|display=inline,title
start_date = 1928
completion_date = 1930
floor_count = 3
main_contractor = L. L. Young
architect = O.R.W. Hossack
awards = The Washington County Courthouse in
Hillsboro, Oregonis the courthousefor Washington County, Oregon, in the United States. Washington County was established in 1843 and the first government building was finished in 1852. The current courthouse was built in 1928 with an addition and renovations to the structure in 1972. Currently the building houses courtrooms, the county sheriff’s dispatch, staff offices, and the office of the district attorney. The county jail was previously attached to the courthouse.
Washington County was created as Twality District on
July 5 1843, as part of the Champoeg Meetingsthat created the Provisional Government of Oregon. [http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/county/cpwashingtonhome.html Washington County History.] Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on February 18 2008.] The county became Washington County by an act of the Territorial Legislature in 1849, and in 1850 the community that would become Hillsboro was selected as the county seat.
The first courthouse in the county was a log cabin near what is now Northwest 253rd, located on the land claim of Edward Constable where court sessions were held briefly.Buan, Carolyn M. "This Far-Off Sunset Land: A Pictorial History of Washington County, Oregon". Donning Company Publishers, 1999.] In 1850, David Hill sold forty acres and a cabin from his land claim to the county for $200. This cabin was used to house the court until 1852 when a two-story building was finished to serve as the courthouse and center of county government in Hillsboro.
Built of cedar, this building was on land donated by the Kelsey family and located on the same block as the current site of the county courthouse on the northwest corner of Main and 1st streets in downtown Hillsboro. [http://www.ojd.state.or.us/wsh/Aboutus.htm Washington County Circuit Court: The Washington County Courthouse: A Brief History.] Oregon Judicial Department. Retrieved on
February 18 2008.] Designed by A. B. Hallock, the building was 32 feet by 40 feet and built by William Green.Present courthouse site selected as county seat. " Hillsboro Argus", October 19 1976.] Construction began in the middle of 1852 and the county accepted the building on December 8 1852, at a cost of $3,300.
In 1871, the county solicited bids to construct a new, brick courthouse. The winning bid was for $12,500 by Samuel W. Elliot with construction finishing in May 1873. The new building was placed in the middle of the courthouse square, with a picket fence and outhouse added in 1882. The following year the previous two-story courthouse was sold. The brick courthouse was remodeled in the early 1890s when it was expanded and a clock tower added to the building. The clock tower was built in 1891 for a cost of $20,000 and Delos Neer as architect.Herrschaft, Winnifred. Old Hillsboro courthouse rose amid disgruntlement. "
The Oregonian", February 23 2006.] Part of the cost came from adding steam heating to the courthouse. Though the courthouse had a clock tower, there was no clock and the county did not purchase the clockworks needed for a working clock. In 1897, the first telephone was added to the building. In 1912, the county contracted with William Foster to expand the building at a cost of $4,192.
Beginning in 1927, the county began plans to expand the courthouse. Construction began in 1928 with L. L. Young submitting the winning bid of $126,783. The old building was demolished on
April 1 1928, in front of a crowd of citizens. With the remodel, the current neo-classical architectural style was adopted and the main entrance was made to face 2nd Street instead of Main Street. O.R.W. Hossack designed the building and included curled capitals and fluted columns. [McNichol, Bethanye. Our Town: Hillsboro. " The Oregonian", July 27 1995.] In 1930, a two story jail was completed on the site. The county looked to expand the county government buildings again in 1969, with construction beginning in 1970. The Administrative Annex building was finished in 1973.
The Washington County Courthouse is located on one city block in downtown Hillsboro with East Main Street as the southern boundary, Lincoln Street on the north, First Street on the west, and Second Street bounding on the east. This square has five large sequoia trees that were planted in 1886 with seeds from John Porter. The three-story neo-classical style entrance with four columns faces Second Street. A new county jail built in the early 2000s west of downtown, allowed the use of the old jail by the county sheriff as a dispatch center and prisoner holding area. The current Justice Services Building is home to offices for courtroom staff, judges, accounting offices, courtrooms, and the district attorney for the county. The
Hillsboro Civic Centeris across main street from the courthouse.
* [http://www.ojd.state.or.us/wsh/default.htm OJD: Washington County Courts]
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