Great Synagogue of Rome
Infobox religious building
building_name=Great Synagogue of Rome
website=it icon [http://www.tempiomaggiore.roma.it/ tempiomaggiore.roma]
Vincenzo Costaand Osvaldo Armanni
specifications = no
The Great Synagogue of Rome ( _it. Tempio Maggiore di Roma) is the largest
The building was constructed shortly after the
unification of Italyin 1870, when the Kingdom of Italy captured Romefrom the Napoleonic regime, which backed the Papal States. Victor Emmanuel II dismantled the Roman Ghettoand granted the Jews citizenship. The building which had previously housed the ghetto synagogue (a complicated structure housing five scolas in a single building) was demolished, and the Jewish community began making plans for a new and impressive building.
Vincenzo Costaand Osvaldo Armanni, the synagogue was built from 1901 to 1904 on the banks of the Tiber, overlooking the former ghetto. The eclectic style of the building makes it stand out even in a city known for notable buildings and structures. This attention-grabbing design was a deliberate choice made by the community at the time who wanted the building to be a visible celebration of their freedom and to be seen from many vantage points in the city. The aluminium domeis the only squared dome in the city and makes the building easily identifiable even from a distance. Plates honor the local Jewish victims of Nazi Germanyand of a Palestine Liberation Organizationattack in 1982.On April 13, 1986, Pope John Paul IImade an unexpected visit to the Great Synagogue. This event marked the first known visit by a popeto a synagogue since the early history of the Roman Catholic Church. He prayed with Rabbi Elio Toaff, the former Chief Rabbi of Rome. This was seen by many as an attempt to improve relations between Catholicism and Judaismand a part of Pope John Paul II's program to improve relations with Jews.
The synagogue celebrated its centenary in 2004. In addition to serving as a house of worship, it is also serves a cultural and organizational center for "la Comunità Ebraica di Roma" (the Jewish community of Rome). It houses not only the offices of the
Chief Rabbi of Romeas well as the Jewish Museum of Rome.
January 17, 2005, 13 cantors, in conjunction with the Jewish Ministers Cantors Association of America (the Chazzanim Farband), performed in a cantorial concert for the first time in the synagogue's history.
*it icon [http://www.tempiomaggiore.roma.it Official website]
*it icon [http://www.virtualrome.com/rome/monuments/sinagoga-64.php Images and description]
*it icon [http://www.museoebraico.roma.it Museum adjacent to Synagogue]
*en icon [http://www.jewishitaly.org/city.asp?citymenu=Rome Jewish Rome]
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