European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
:"ESRF redirects here, for the medical condition, see
end stage renal failure"The European Synchrotron Radiation Facility is a joint research facility supported by 19 countries (18 European countries and Israel) situated in Grenoble, France. The ESRF operates the most powerful synchrotronradiation source in Europe, and is generally considered to be a world leading research facility. The ESRF has an annual budget of around 80 million euros, employs over 600 people and is host to more than 3500 visiting scientists each year.
Research in the ESRF focuses, in large part, on the use of
X-rayradiation in fields as diverse as protein crystallography, earth science, materials science, chemistryand physics. Facilities such as the ESRF offer a flux, energy range and resolution unachievable with conventional (laboratory) radiation sources.
The ESRF facility consists of two main buildings: the experiment hall, containing the 844 metre circumference ring and forty tangential
beamlines; and a block of laboratories, preparation suites, and offices connected to the ring by a pedestrian bridge. The linear accelerator electron gun and smaller booster ring used to bring the beam to an operating energy of 6 GeV are constructed within the main ring. Bicycles are provided for use indoors in the ring's circumferential corridor. As some of the beamlines exit the hall it is not possible to cycle continuously all the way around.
The ESRF site forms part of the "Polygone Scientifique", lying at the confluence of the Drac and Isère rivers about 1.5km from the centre of Grenoble. It is served by local bus and the
Lyonairport coach, which stops at the "Place de la Résistance" just outside the site.
The ESRF shares its site with several other institutions including the
Institut Laue-Langevin(ILL) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory(EMBL).The Centre national de la recherche scientifique(CNRS) has an [http://www.grenoble.cnrs.fr institute] just across the road.
List of Synchrotron Radiation Facilities
European Research Area(ERA)
TANGO(control system originally developed at the ESRF)
* [http://www.esrf.eu/ ESRF.eu]
* [http://www.lightsources.org Lightsources.org]
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