- Theatre Royal Stratford East
name = Theatre Royal Stratford East
caption = The exterior of the Theatre Royal Stratford East
address = Gerry Raffles Square
city = Newham,
designation = Grade II* listed
latitude = 51.542730
longitude = 0.000800
architect = James George Buckle
owner = Pioneer Theatres Limited
capacity = 460 on three levels
type = Community
opened = 17 December 1884
rebuilt = 1887 and 1891 Buckle 1902
Frank Matcham1984 "unknown" 2001 "unknown"
currentuse = Touring and own productions
website = www.stratfordeast.com
The Theatre Royal Stratford East is a
theatrein Stratford in the London Borough of Newham. Since 1953, it has been the home of the Theatre Workshopcompany.
The theatre was built on the site of a wheelwright shop at the junction of Salway Road and Angel Lane, designed by architect James George Buckle [ [http://www.stratfordeast.com/history.php Theatre Royal history] accessed
28 April 2007] , who was commissioned by the actor-manager Charles Dillon (formerly Silver, the son of Charles Dillon) in 1884. It opened on 17 December 1884with a revival of "Richelieu" by Bulwer-Lytton. Two years later, Dillon sold it to Albert O'Leary Fredericks, his sister's brother-in-law and one of the original backers of the scheme. Side extensions were added in 1887, and the stage enlarged in 1891, by the original architect. In 1902, Frank Matchamundertook minor improvements to the entrance and foyer. [Earl and Sell (2000), pp. 142] The Fredericks family [The proscenium is surmounted by the letters "FF", commemorating the association with the Fredericks - possibly Frederick Fredericks, the husband of Dillon's sister, and a successful actor in his own right. Theatre superstition has it that should the letters ever be removed, the theatre will crumble.] continued to manage the theatre until 1932, although after the World War I, the theatre fell into financial difficulties, opening only irregularly after 1926. [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42752 "West Ham: Worthies, entertainments, sports and pastimes", A History of the County of Essex: Volume 6 (1973), pp. 64-67] accessed: 29 May 2008]
About 1950, a touring company presented the Christmas
pantomime, "Alice in Wonderland". The company were to return, as the Theatre Workshopin 1953, with artistic director Joan Littlewoodand take over the theatre.
The theatre came under threat with the construction of the Stratford shopping centre in the 1970s, but was saved by a public campaign and protected in June 1972 by
English Heritagewith a Grade II* listing [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?pid=2&id=204970 English Heritage listing details] accessed 28 April 2007] . Money remained short, and the manager, Gerry Raffles only managed redecoration and replacements as cash became available. In 1984, the front of house was refurbished and in 2001, following a successful Heritage Lottery Fundbid, it completed the redevelopment of all of its front of house and backstage areas as part of a project to create the Stratford Cultural Quarter. In 2005 the Theatre Royal Stratford East made history by having the first British Black musical to transfer to London's West End, where it played at the Apollo Theatre. Recently the theatre produced a musical version of the cult Jamaican film " The Harder They Come". This production was written by the film director Perry Henzeland was one of the most successful productions in the theatre's history.
Joan Littlewood (1953-1979)
The Theatre Royal became famous under the management of
Gerry Raffles(1928-1975), who worked with director Joan Littlewoodon such productions as " A Taste of Honey" and " Oh! What a Lovely War". In 1975, her collaborator and partner, Gerry Raffles died of diabetes, and in 1979, a devastated Joan Littlewood moved to France, never to direct again.
Philip Hedley (1979-2004)
Philip Hedley had worked as an assistant to Joan Littlewood for some years, but took over the artistic directorship of the theatre from Clare Venables in 1979. He ran the theatre in the hope of rekindling the golden era it had experienced with Joan Littlewood in her prime. After a difficult first couple of years, he found his feet as Artistic Director and began to put his own personal stamp on the style in which it was run. Like Joan Littlewood, Philip Hedley was very keen to see local people using the theatre on a regular basis. To that end he not only provided traditional entertainment in style of old music hall variety shows on Sunday evenings for the traditional 'eastenders' (the ones before the soap of the same name) but also looked to engage with new Asian and Black audiences, as the local demographic changed. The theatre continued Littlewood's agenda to portray and express the experience of local people in East London.
In 1999, he began the Musical Theatre Initiatives scheme to encourage new writing in musical theatre. In 2004, after 25 years as artistic director, he retired.
Kerry Michael (2004-continues)
Kerry Michael joined Stratford East in 1997, as an associate director. He became director in September 2004. His manifesto is to bring London's new communities to the stage, and portray their experiences as second and third generation emigrants. [Ones to Watch - "The Sunday Times", Culture,
January 9, 2005]
* "Guide to British Theatres 1750-1950", John Earl and Michael Sell pp. 142 (Theatres Trust, 2000) ISBN 0-7136-5688-3
* Coren, Michael - "Theatre Royal: 100 Years of Stratford East" - Quartet, 1984 ISBN 0-7043-2474-1
* [http://www.stratfordeast.com/ Official website]
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