Music of Bihar

Music of India
Genres

Classical (Carnatic · Hindustani) · Bhajan · Ghazal · Qawwali · Sufi · Folk · Filmi · Pop  · Rock (Bangla) · Hip Hop · Trance

Awards

Filmfare Awards  · Punjabi Music Awards  · Sangeet Natak Akademi Award

Festivals

Dover Lane music festival
Thyagaraja Aradhana
Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana

Media

Sruti
The Record Music Magazine

National
anthem

"Jana Gana Mana"

National
song

"Vande Mataram"

By state/territory

Andaman and Nicobar Islands · Andhra Pradesh · Arunachal Pradesh · Assam
Bihar · Chhattisgarh · Goa · Gujarat · Haryana · Himachal Pradesh · Jammu & Kashmir · Jharkhand · Karnataka · Kerala · Madhya Pradesh · Maharashtra · Manipur · Meghalaya · Mizoram · Nagaland · Orissa · Punjab (Bhangra· Rajasthan · Sikkim · Tamil Nadu · Tripura · Uttar Pradesh · Uttaranchal · West Bengal (Bengali)

Bihar is a state of India. The classical form of the Indian music is already quite well known (for example, Bihar has produced musicians like Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan and dhrupad singers like the Malliks (Darbhanga Gharana) and the Mishras (Bettiah Gharana)) and the classical music in Bihar is but a form of the Hindustani classical music. Hence this article deals with the folk culture of Bihar which is rather distinctive.

Bihar is among the few Indian states which has a rich subaltern culture. The region's folk songs are associated with the various events in the life of an ordinary person. The folk music of Bihar has so deeply permeated in the life of the people that it is still alive.During the famous chhath parva of Bihar, there is much music and a lot of singing of folk songs, both at home and on the river bank.The historical ballads dealing with the heroic deeds of the freedom fighter Kunwar Singh have also been immortalized through folk songs in the plain tracts of Bihar.Religiosity is the pivot around which the music and amusements of the village folk of Bihar revolve.There are songs like sohar - performed during childbirth, sumangali - associated with wedding, ropnigeet - performed during the season of sowing paddy, katnigeet - performed during the paddy harvesting season, purbi, chaita, hori, bidesia, ghato, birha, kajari, irni/ birni, pachra, jhumar, jatsari, aalah, nirgun, and samdaun. There is also the tradition of war songs called Beer Kunwar.

The influence of Bihari music in seen in regions such as Mauritius, South Africa and the Caribbean, where a large of Bihari indentured labourers were taken as coolies during the nineteenth century as well as Pakistan and Bangladesh where many Bihari Muslims migrated to after the partition of India.

There is a great tradition of folk songs started by Bhikhari Thakur, the redoubtable artist from the Bhojpur region.

Other wandering folk singers include the Kathaks, who travelled in groups and performed accompanied by dholak, sarangi, tamburu and majira. Other musician classes included Roshan Chouki, Bhajaniya, Kirtaniya, Pamaria and Bhakliya.


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