Columbina (genus)

Columbina
Ruddy Ground Dove, Columbina talpacoti
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Columbina
Species
Synonyms

Columbigallina
Scardafella

Columbina is a genus that contains seven species of small ground doves that live in the New World. Species in Columbina have ranges from the southern United States through Central America and much of South America. Columbina doves are normally found in pairs or small flocks. They generally occur in open country. They have maroon irides and pinkish legs. In flight, some species show a distinctive flash of rufous in the wings, while others show black-and-white wing-patterns.

Blue-eyed Ground Dove (above), and Ecuadorian Ground Dove (below); illustration by Keulemans, 1893

Species

The above 2 species are sometimes considered to be in their own genus Scardafella

References

  • BirdLife International www.birdlife.org
  • Howell, Steven N. G. & Webb, Sophie (1995): A Guide to the Birds of Mexico and Northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York. ISBN 0-19-854012-4
  • Gibbs, David; Barnes, Eustace; Cox, John (2001). Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. Yale University Press. pp. 335–344. ISBN 0-300-07886-2. 

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