name = Samskara
Girish Karnad P. Lankesh Dasharathi Dixit B. R. Jayaram Lakshmi Krishnamurthy Snehalatha Reddy
Pattabhi Rama Reddy
producer = Ramamanohara Chitra
released = 1970
runtime = 113 mins
language = "
U. R. Ananthamurthy, Girish Karnad
country = flagicon|India
imdb_id = 0066324
Kannada:ಸಂಸ್ಕಾರ) is a 1970 film in the Kannada languagewhich is based on a novel of the same name, written by the renowned writer and Jnanpithaward winner, U. R. Ananthamurthy.cite web|url=http://www.deccanherald.com/Archives/may162006/spectrum1018192006515.asp|title=End of a path-breaking journey|work=Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated 2006-05-16|publisher=The Printers (Mysore) Pvt. Ltd.|accessdate=2007-08-08] The film is said to have been a path-breaking venture and is supposed to have pioneered the parallel cinema movement in Kannada. Pattabhi Rama Reddywas the director of this film and it was produced by the company, Ramamanohara Chitra. The word "Samskara" means "ritual" in the Kannada language. The film was based on sensitive casteissues and was hence controversial. It was initially banned by the censor board for portraying caste-based politics but after being released, it went on to win the President's Gold Medal for the Best Indian Feature Film of 1971.cite web|url=http://www.india-today.com/itoday/12041999/arts.html|title= Renaissance Man|work=Online Edition of the India Today, dated 1999-04-12|author=S Kalidas and Rehmat Merchant|publisher=Living Media India Ltd|accessdate=2007-08-08]
The story was written by
U. R. Ananthamurthyin 1965, when he was studying at the University of Birmingham for his PHD. After he saw the film "the 7th seal" by Ingmar Bergman and was deeply moved by it. His tutor Malcolm Bradbury suggested him to write about his experiences in India concernig the multilayered Structure of Time in indian society [Ananthamurthy, U. R., "How I wrote Samskara" in: Boral, Rao, Rath: "Samskara, a critical reader", Delhi, 2005] .cite web|url=http://www.hindu.com/fr/2005/02/18/stories/2005021802820300.htm|title=Fruits of labour|author=Muralidhara Khajane|work=Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2005-02-18|accessdate=2007-08-08] After completing the story, he sent the manuscript to Girish Karnadin India who got in touch with Pattabhi Rama Reddyand came up with a film script for the same. Samskara was the first Kannada film to be directed by Pattabhi Rama Reddywho had mainly dealt with Telugufilms earlier. A visiting Australiancameraman, Tom Cowan was selected to shoot the film. The film was shot in a village in the Shimoga districtof Karnataka.
The story is set in a street in a small village called Durvasapura in the
Western Ghatsof Karnataka. Majority of the people who live in the street belong to the community of Madhwas(a Brahmincommunity).cite web|url=http://www.ourkarnataka.com/books/samskAra.htm|work=Online Webpage of OurKarnataka.com |author=Chandra Holm|title=Samskara|accessdate=2007-08-08] The people who stay here have a traditional mindset and strictly follow the rules defined by their religion. Two of the main characters in the story are "Praneshacharya" and "Naranappa". "Praneshacharya" is a devout Brahminwho has completed his Vedic education at Varanasiand has returned to Duravasapura and is considered as the leader of the Brahmincommunity of his village and also of the surrounding villages. His main goal is to attain salvationand he is willing to go to any length to achieve it. In order to remain focussed on his goal and as an act of self-sacrifice, he marries an invalid woman and hence remains celibate. The other main character is that of "Naranappa", himself a Brahmin by birth but one who has rejected the set rules of Brahminismby eating meat and by keeping the company of a prostitute named "Chandri". Once "Naranappa" along with his friends catches the sacred fish in the temple tank, cooks and eats them. This causes the Brahmins in the villages to rise up against him and they approach "Praneshacharya" to throw him out of the village. "Praneshacharya" decides against taking this extreme step and he believes that "Naranappa" can be convinced to get rid of his immoral acts. Once "Naranappa" visits Shimogaand he returns back to Duravasapura with high fever and dies. The Brahmins are left in a piquant situation because according to Brahmin principles, a person who dies should be cremated as early as possible. None of the Brahmin's want to come forward to cremate the body since they feel that by cremating "Naranappa's" body, they will become polluted themselves as he was against the Brahmin principles during his lifetime. However, the Brahmin principles also stipulate that a non-Brahmin cannot cremate the body of a Brahmin. "Praneshacharya", being the leader is responsible for finding the answer to this difficult problem. He reads the holy books but they do not provide any solution. He then goes to a temple to pray to God and spends a whole day there. Disappointed at not being able to solve the problem, he trudges back home and on his way, he encounters "Chandri". He gets mesmerised by her beauty and when he wakes up in the midnight, he finds himself lying on "Chandri's" lap. "Chandri" rushes back home, finds that the body of "Naranappa" has started to rot, gets it cremated in secrecy and leaves Durvasapura. "Praneshacharya" is left in a piquant situation on whether he has to reveal his immoral act to the people of the village or keep quiet about it. Feeling guilty, he leaves the village but the guilt never leaves him. Finally deciding to own up his act, he returns to the village and the story ends here. Its left to the imagination of the viewer on whether Praneshacharya finally owns up the guilt or not.
Girish Karnadas "Praneshacharya" and P. Lankeshas "Naranappa" were the main characters. The role of Chandri was played by Snehalatha Reddy, the wife of the director Pattabhi Rama Reddy.
* President's Gold Medal for the Best Indian Feature Film (1971)cite web|url=http://www.tribuneindia.com/2006/20060514/society.htm#3|title=He set new directions|author=Jangveer Singh|Online Edition of The Tribune, dated 2006-05-14|accessdate=2007-08-08]
* Bronze Leopard at
Locarno International Film Festival(1972)
The film was initially banned by the film censor board because it was felt that the strong anti-caste message being conveyed by the film could spark tensions among the public.cite web|url=http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl1603/16031170.htm|work=Online Edition of The Frontline, Vol. 16 :: No. 03 :: Jan. 30 - Feb. 12, 1999|publisher=The Hindu|author=Parvathi Menon|title= The multi-faceted playwright|accessdate=2007-08-08] However it was released later, and went on to win awards both at a national as well as at an international level.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Samskara — may refer to: * Saṃskāra, Hindu rites * Saṃskāra (Sanskrit; Pali: Saṅkhāra), in Buddhism, mental and volitional formations * Samskara (Ayurvedic), a technique in Ayurvedic medicine * Samskara (film), an Indian film in the Kannada languageee also* … Wikipedia
National Film Award for Best Feature Film — Award Information Type National Category Movies Instituted 1954 First Awarded 1954 Last Awarded 2010 Total Awarded 56 … Wikipedia
Mirza Ghalib (film) — Mirza Ghalib Directed by Sohrab Modi Produced by Sohrab Modi Written by Rajinder Singh Bedi Sadat Hasan Manto (story) J.K. Nanda … Wikipedia
Chidambaram (film) — Chidambaram Promotional poster Directed by G. Aravindan Produced by G. Aravind … Wikipedia
Chorus (1974 film) — Chorus Directed by Mrinal Sen Produced by Mrinal Sen Productions Written by Mohit Chattopadhyay, Golam Kuddus, Mrinal Sen Starring Utp … Wikipedia
National Film Award/Bester Film — Die Gewinner des National Film Award (Golden Lotus Award) der Kategorie Bester Film waren: Jahr Film Sprache Regisseur 1954 Shyamchi Aai Marathi Pralhad Keshav Atre 1955 Mirza Ghalib Hindi Sohrab Modi 1956 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Girish Karnad — Infobox Writer imagesize = 150px name = Girish Raghunath Karnad caption = pseudonym = birthdate = 19 May 1938 birthplace = Matheran, Maharashtra deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Playwright, Film Director, Actor, Poet nationality = India… … Wikipedia
Outline of Buddhism — See also: Index of Buddhism related articles Flag of Buddhism … Wikipedia
India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… … Universalium
U. R. Ananthamurthy — Infobox Writer name = U.R. Ananthamurthy caption = pseudonym = birthdate = 21 December 1932 birthplace = Melige, Tirthahalli taluk, Shimoga District, Karnataka deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Professor, Writer nationality = India period =… … Wikipedia