Sustainable fashion is a part of the growing design philosophy and trend of
sustainability, whose goal is to create a system which can be supported indefinitely in terms of environmentalism, economics, and socialresponsibility. Sustainable fashionor "ethical fashion" or "green fashion" is part of the larger trend of sustainable designwhere a product is created and produced with the consideration of its total life span and the impact that product on the planet, also know as a product's " carbon footprint". According to the May 2007 "Vogue" appears not to be a short-term trend but one could last multiple seasons."Earth to Fashion." "Vogue" (May 2007). 128-132.] While environmentalismused to be manifest in fashionthrough a percentage of sales being donated to a charitable cause, fashion designers are reducing impacts at the source by making conscious decision to use more environmentally friendlymaterials and socially responsible methods in clothing production.
According to [http://earthpledge.org/ Earth Pledge] , a
non-profit organization(NPO) committed to promoting and supporting sustainable development, "At least 8,000 chemicals are used to turn raw materials into textiles and 25% of the world's pesticidesare used to grow non-organic cotton. This causes irreversible damage to people and the environment, and still two thirds of a garment's carbon footprintwill occur after it is purchased." [ [http://earthpledge.org/ff Future Fashion ] ]
There are many factors when considering the
sustainabilityof a material. The renewability and source of a fiber, the process of how a raw fiber is turned into a textile, the working conditionsof the people producing the materials, and the marterials total carbon footprint.
Natural Fibers are fibers which are found naturally in
nature. Natural fibers can be categorized into two main groups, celluloseor plant fiberand proteinor animal fiber.
Cottonis one of the most widely grown and chemical-intensive crops in the world. [ [http://www.sustainablecotton.org/html/who_we_are.html SCP | Who we are ] ] . Conventionally grown cotton uses approximately 25% of the worlds insecticidesand more than 10% of the worlds pesticides. [ [http://www.organicexchange.org/Documents/oe_brochure.pdf OC_legal ] ] . Other cellulosefibers include: Jute, Flax, Hemp, Ramie, Abaca, Soy, Banana, Pineapple.
Wool, Silk, Angora, Camel, Alpaca, Lama, Vicuna, Cashmere, Mohair
from natural materials:
Lyocell, Polylactic acidor PLA (Corn Polymer)
Designers say that they are trying to incorporate these sustainable practices into modern clothing, rather than producing "dusty, hippy-looking clothes." Sustainable fashion is typically more expensive than clothing produced by conventional methods.
Several celebrities and designers such as
Bonoand Stella McCartneyhave recently drawn attention to socially-conscious and environmentally friendly fashion.Fact|date=August 2007 The "hot ticket" of the Fall 2007 fashion weekwas the Edunshow showcasing sustainable fashion while songs about war, climate change, and gasoline were performed. Portland Fashion Week, which has featured sustainable designers and apparel since 2005, has also attracted international press for its efforts to showcase sustainable designs in a 100% eco-friendly and sustainable production this year. [ [http://www.portlandfashionweek.net/news/2007/book-moda.htm Portland Fashion Week (October 19-24, 2007) ] ] An increasing number of Hollywood celebrities have been associated with sustainable fashion, including Natalie Portman, Cameron Diaz, Alicia Silverstone, Jennifer Anistonand Selma Hayek.Fact|date=August 2007
Critics of sustainable fashion have argued that the trend merely seeks to stamp high-priced
luxury goodswith a seal of liberal social approval.Fact|date=August 2007.
Other major criticisms about "sustainable fashion" are that the underlying characteristics of constantly changing fashions means that clothes are not meant to be worn until they are no longer useful and end up being discarded rather than being recycled, or if recycled, then well before the useful life of the garment is reached thus eliminating much of the intended environmental benefit. This is a problem with all fashion and especially to the designers in this niche segment of the industry. Another problem is the use of farm land to produce lower yielding "all-natural" plant materials without the benefit of high-yield modern farming practices such as the use of genetically modified plant strains, high nitrogen fertilizers and pesticides. Lower yielding farm land usually requires the same amount of labor per acre as farm land that uses modern industrial practices to produce sometimes several times more per acre thus leaving an actually larger carbon footprint.
Organic Baby Products
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/fashion/downloads/ Customise your clothes with BBC Blast]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/downloads/blastcasts/watch_ecofashion.shtml Tamsin Lejeune and Elizabeth Laskar talk about eco-fashion with BBC Blast]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/fashion/articles/what_is_ethical_fashion.shtml What is Ethical Fashion?]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/fashion/articles/organic_and_eco_fashion.shtml Organic and Eco Fashion]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/fashion/articles/fair_trade_and_fashion.shtml Fair Trade and Fashion]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/blast/fashion/articles/recycling_and_customisation.shtml Recycling and Customisation]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/thread BBC Thread - Eco Fashion]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sustainable design — Within the fashion industry, sustainable design refers to environmental stewardship, such as products that are ecological, organic, or recycled. Sustainable products are those products providing environmental, social, and economic benefit… … Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry
Fashion — For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). In Following the Fashion (1794), James Gillray caricatured a figure flattered by the short bodiced gowns then in fashion, contrasting it with an imitator whose figure is not flattered. Fashion, a… … Wikipedia
Sustainable design — Sustainable urban design and innovation: Photovoltaic ombrière SUDI is an autonomous and mobile station that replenishes energy for electric vehicles using solar energy. See also: Sustainable engineering and Ecological design … Wikipedia
Sustainable procurement — is a spending and investment process typically associated with public policy, although it is equally applicable to the private sector.Organisations practicing sustainable procurement meet their needs for goods, services, utilities and works not… … Wikipedia
Sustainable energy — Renewable energy … Wikipedia
Sustainable tourism — Part of a series on Green economics Concepts … Wikipedia
Fair Trade Fashion — This term describes the industry response to heightened consumer concern as it relates to apparel manufacturing and damage to the environment or the violation of human rights. The early sweatshops of New York, filled with immigrants willing to … Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry
Organic fashion — Clothing and accessories can be considered organic when they are made from fibers produced without the use of synthetic chemicals, such as conventional pesticides; without fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge; and… … Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry
Città dell'arte Fashion: Bio Ethical Sustainable Trend — is an initiative of the Fondazione Pistoletto (Pistoletto Foundation) to promote sustainability in the fashion industry. It was unveiled by Vogue Italia editor in chief Franca Sozzani and the artist Michelangelo Pistoletto at a press conference… … Wikipedia
Maximum sustainable yield — In population ecology and economics, maximum sustainable yield or MSY is, theoretically, the largest yield (or catch) that can be taken from a species stock over an indefinite period. Fundamental to the notion of sustainable harvest, the concept… … Wikipedia