- Rail transport in Hong Kong
Hong Kong's rail network comprises public transport trains operated by the MTR Corporation Limited(MTRC). The MTRC operates the metro network of Hong Kong and connects the northeastern and northwestern New Territorieswith the rest of Hong Kong. Approval has been granted for the merger of the MTRC and the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation(KCRC), following discussions to merge the two corporations for economies of scale and cost effectiveness.
The first mode of rail transport is the
Peak Tram, serving The Peak, the Mid-levelsand the city centre since 1888. Tram started service along the northern coast of the Hong Kong Islandin 1904. The British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway (now the KCR East Rail), a conventional railway, was opened in 1910. It was not until 1979 that a rapid transitsystem, the MTR, was opened. In 1982, the British Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway began its transition towards electrification, with new EMUs providing rapid transit-like service. The Light Rail Transit (LRT, now the MTR Light Rail) began its operation in the Tuen Mun and Yuen Long new towns in 1988. The two railway companies, MTR Corporation Limited and Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation, merged on 2 December, 2007, to form a single rapid transitnetwork.
There are several extensions planned or under construction, including the
Kowloon Southern Link, the Sha Tin to Central Linkand the Northern Link.
Ten lines, 82 railway stations and 68 light rail stops:
*: between Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau and East Tsim Sha Tsui (formerly part of KCR/KCRC)
*: between Yau Ma Tei and Tiu Keng Leng
*: between Tsuen Wan and Central
*: between Sheung Wan and Chai Wan
*: between Tung Chung and Hong Kong
*: between Po Lam and North Point
*: between Sunny Bay and Disneyland Resort
*: between Tuen Mun to Nam Cheong (formerly part of KCR/KCRC)
*: between Wu Kai Sha to Tai Wai (formerly part of KCR/KCRC)
*: between AsiaWorld-Expo/Airport and Hong Kong
*: 68 stations serving the northwest
Hong Kong Tramways: Double-decker trams, running on the north shore of Hong Kong Islandfrom Kennedy Townto Shau Kei Wan.
Peak Tram: Actually a funicular railwaywith six stations, connecting Central and the Victoria Peak.
Po Fook Hill Elevator: Another tiny funicular railwaywith two stations, connecting the car park and the upper section of Po Fook Hill Cemetery.
"Note that the KCRC Light Rail system (see above) has many of the attributes of a tramway, including street running".
Commonly known as Through Train (chi. 直通車), the
MTRCand railway companies of mainland China jointly provide cross-border train services from Hung Hom Station, Kowloon, sharing most of the tracks with the HK-MTR lines|East Rail, to destinations in mainland Chinathrough neighbouring Shenzhenon three Through Train routes, namely Beijing line (to/from Beijing), Shanghai line (to/from Shanghai) and Guangdongline (to/from Zhaoqingand Guangzhou East). They are operated through the rail network in mainland China, including the Guangshen Railwayand Jingguang Railway.
Automated People Mover
There is an Automated People Mover (APM) [http://www.hongkongairport.com/eng/tbu/terminal1_transport.htm] , a driverless electric train service, which is located at the basement level of Terminal 1 of
Hong Kong International Airport. It travels the length of the 750-metre concourse between the East Hall and West Hall on a circular mode. At a speed of 62 km per hour, each APM carries 304 passengers in four cars. The APM operates every 2.5 minutes from 0600 to 0030 hours everyday. It transports passengers whose flights are located at the West Hall, Southwest and Northwest concourses.
Rail gauges and power supply
Rail gauges and power supply of Hong Kong rails.
List of densely populated places without rail transport
*Hong Kong Island
Siu Sai Wan
Kennedy Townand Sai Ying Pun
Wong Chuk Hang, Aberdeen, Ap Lei Chauand Wah Fu
Tai Wo Ping
Tsz Wan Shan
Sau Mau Pingand Shun Lee
Hung Hom, Ho Man Tin, To Kwa Wan, Ma Tau Waiand Kowloon Cityand most of San Po Kong
Sheung Kwai Chung, most of Tsing Yiand Chai Wan Kok
* MTR Corpororation (2003) " [http://www.mtr.com.hk/eng/railway/railway_details.html Railway Details] ". Retrieved
October 3, 2005.
Rail transport in the People's Republic of China
List of railways in China
Transport in Hong Kong
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