- Peel (Western Australia)
The Peel is one of the nine
regions of Western Australia. It is located on the west coast of Western Australia, about 75 km south of the state capital, Perth. It consists of the City of Mandurah, and the Shires of Boddington, Murray, Serpentine-Jarrahdale and Waroona. It has a total area of 6,648 km², and a population of about 80,000 people, two thirds of whom live in Mandurah.
The economy of the Peel is dominated by
miningand mineral processing; the area has large reserves of bauxite, some goldand mineral sands, and an aluminiumrefinery. Other important economic sectors include agricultureand a substantial equineindustry.
Before European settlement, the Peel was inhabited by
Indigenous Australians, specifically the Pindjarupdialect group of the Noongarpeople. Shortly after the establishment of the Swan River Colonyin 1829, the coastal area of the Peel was settled under a program known as the Peel Settlement Scheme, organised by Thomas Peel. However the scheme was poorly administered, and many settlers died of malnutritionin the first few months. The surviving settlers abandoned the area, with some moving inland where they found fertile soil.
1846, Western Australia's first mining operation was established at Yarrabah (near present-day Mundijong, mining lead, silverand zinc. The Jarrahdale timber mill, established in May 1872, became the state's largest timber operation, and led to the development of service centres for the timber industry along the Perth–Picton railway line at Mundijong, Waroona and Dwellingup. In recent times, the timber industry has declined, but the establishment of alumina refineries at Pinjarra and Wagerup, and gold mines at Boddington, has had a substantial impact.
* [http://www.peel.wa.gov.au/ Peel Development Commission]
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