Pergola


Pergola

A pergola is a garden feature forming a shaded walk or passageway of pillars that support cross beams and a sturdy open lattice, upon which woody vines are trained. As a type of gazebo, it may also be part of a building, as protection for an open terrace. The origin of the word is the Late Latin "pergula", referring to a projecting eave. ["pergola." Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1). Random House, Inc. 05 Mar. 2008. .] The term was borrowed for English from Italian, mentioned in an Italian context in 1645 and used in an English context in 1675.

Pergolas may link pavilions, may extend from a building's door to an open garden feature such as an isolated terrace or pool, or may be entirely free-standing structures providing shelter and shade to a length of walkway.

Pergolas are more permanent architectural features than the green tunnels of late medieval and early Renaissance gardens, which were often formed of springy "withies"—easily replaced shoots of willow or hazel—bound together at the heads to form a series of arches, then loosely woven with long slats, on which climbers were grown, to make a passage that was both cool and shaded and moderately dry in a shower. At Villa Petraia, inner and outer curving segments of such green walks, the forerunners of pergolas, give structure to the pattern, which can be viewed from the long terrace above it, and provide rare privacy in a teeming household, offering leafy glimpses into an orderly paradise, a formally-planted enclosed orchard that consciously recalled the Garden of Eden before Adam's Fall.

The clearly artificial nature of the pergola made it fall from favor in the naturalistic gardening styles of the 18th and 19th century, but handsome pergolas on brick and stone pillars with powerful cross-beams were a feature of the gardens designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and Gertrude Jekyll and epitomize their trademark of firm structure luxuriantly planted.

Modern pergola designs tend to favor wood over stone structures, and are thus more affordable and increasing in popularity. Generally, pergolas are either made from a weather-resistant wood, such as Red Cedar or Redwood, or are painted white.

ee also

* Brise soleil
* Trellis (agriculture)
* Latticework
* Patio

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • pergola — [ pɛrgɔla ] n. f. • 1924; pergole plur. 1839; mot it.; lat. pergula « tonnelle » ♦ Petite construction de jardin, faite de poutres horizontales en forme de toiture, soutenues par des colonnes, qui sert de support à des plantes grimpantes. « la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pérgola — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pérgola metálica recién instalada formada por pilares cilíndricos y listones planos como techumbre. Las plantas trepadoras (buganvilias), aún jóvenes, con el tiempo cubrirán la estructura y aumentarán la superficie… …   Wikipedia Español

  • pergolă — PÉRGOLĂ, pergole, s.f. Construcţie uşoară într un parc sau într o grădină, formată dintr o reţea de grinzi de lemn susţinute de şiruri de coloane, de stâlpi, pe care se întind plante agăţătoare decorative. – Din fr., it. pergola. Trimis de ana… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pergola — Sf Vorbau, Laubengang per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus it. pergola, dieses aus l. pergula Vorbau, Weinlaube , zu l. pergere vordringen, fortsetzen , zu l. regere richten, lenken, leiten und l. per .    Ebenso nndl. pergola …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Pergola — (Аполлония,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Apollonia, Аполлония, 84800, Греция …   Каталог отелей

  • pergola (1) — {{hw}}{{pergola (1)}{{/hw}}s. f. 1 Intreccio di sostegni formati da intelaiature o graticciati a foggia di tetti per allevare piante erbacee o rampicanti. 2 Nella basilica cristiana, colonnato posto su un parapetto. pergola (2) {{hw}}{{pergola… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • pergola — 1670s, from It. pergola, from L. pergula “projecting roof, vine arbor,” from pergere “to come forward,” of uncertain origin …   Etymology dictionary

  • pérgola — s. f. O mesmo que pérgula.   ‣ Etimologia: italiano pergola, do latim pergula, ae, construção saliente, balcão, varanda, latada …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Pergola — Pergola: Die Bezeichnung für einen berankten Laubengang wurde Anfang des 17. Jh.s aus gleichbed. it. pergola entlehnt, das auf lat. pergula »Vor , Anbau« zurückgeht …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • pérgola — (Del it. pergola, y este del lat. pergŭla, balcón). 1. f. Armazón para sostener una planta. 2. Jardín que tienen algunas casas sobre la techumbre …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Pergola — Per go*la, n. [It., fr. L. pergula shed, shop, vine arbor.] Lit., an arbor or bower; specif.: (Italian art) An arbor or trellis treated architecturally, as with stone columns or similar massive structure. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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