First Vienna FC
Football club infobox
clubname = First Vienna FC
fullname = Fernwärme First Vienna Football Club 1894
nickname = Vienna
founded = 1894
Hohe Warte Stadium
capacity = 5,000
manager = flagicon|Austria
league = Regionalliga Ost (III)
season = 2006-07
position = 3rd
First Vienna FC is an
Austrian football club based in the city of Vienna. Established on August 22, 1894, it is the country's oldest team and is familiarly known by Austrians by the English name "Vienna".
In the early 1890s English and Austrian
gardenersworking for Nathaniel Anselm von Rothschildbegan to play football on his estates. To avoid further damage to his flowers Nathaniel ceded them a pasturenearby and also granted the team's blue-yellow kits, former jockeycostumes of his riding stable. The Manx player William Beale designed the triskelionlogo, also in the Rothschild colours blue and yellow. The team played its first match on November 15, 1894 against the "Vienna Cricket and Football-Club" losing 0:4 to the club which would become a bitter longtime rival until the "Cricketers"' football team was finally dissolved in 1936. The city of Vienna quickly became the centre of Austrian football and by the end of 1896 there were seven clubs playing there, several of which also fielded reserve sides.
In 1897, the chairman of the "Cricketers" donated the Challenge Cup establishing a competition open to all football clubs in what was then
Austria-Hungary, drawing teams from Vienna, Budapest, and Prague. "Cricket" won the first cup competition in 1897, but "First Vienna" followed with consecutive cup titles in 1899 and 1900. The club also made a losing appearance in the 1907 final of the Wiener Cup which emerged when the Challenge Cup competition fell into disarray between 1903 and 1905. In the years leading up to the outbreak of the First World Warin 1914 "Vienna" performed poorly and by 1915 had fallen out of first division play and did not return to the top flight until after the war in 1919.
The club gradually returned to form and consistently finished in the top half of the league table through the 20s winning Austrian Cup titles in 1929 and 1930 before finally claiming the national championship in 1931. That same year the team also won the
Mitropa Cup, one of Europe's first international club competitions. "Vienna" captured a second national title in 1933 with a third Austrian Cup following in 1937.
WWII and play in the Gauliga
After Austria was united with Germany in the
Anschlussin 1938 the football competitions of the two countries were also merged. First division Austrian teams played in the newly formed Gauliga Ostmarkas part of the league structure established under the Third Reichin the re-organization of German football in 1933. This led to the appearance of Austrian sides in the national finals of Germany and in competition for the Tschammerpokal, predecessor of today's German Cup. In 1942, "Vienna" captured the divisional title in what was by then known as the Gauliga Donau-Alpenland (Ostmark) and went all the way to the final played on July 4, 1942 in Berlin where they dropped a 0:2 decision to " Schalke 04" the dominant side of German football in the era. "Vienna" repeated as divisional champions the following season, but this time advanced only as far as the semi-finals before being put out 1:2 by "FV Saarbrücken". The club did, however, have a successful Tschammerpokal run, winning the 1943 competition by defeating " Luftwaffen-SV Hamburg" 3:2 in extra time to become the second Austrian side to take the cup by following in the footsteps of " Rapid Wien", victors in 1938. A third Gauliga title in 1944 again put the club into Germany's national playoffs where this time they went out 2:3 in the quarterfinals to eventual champions " Dresdner SC". As World War IIdrew to a close and Allied armies advanced into Germany league play collapsed with "Vienna" still in a tight race again looking to repeat as division champions.
Occupied by Allied forces after the end of the war, Austria was once again independent of Germany and a separate league structure was re-established. In league play in the 1946 season "Vienna" earned only a fifth place finish but did go on to capture the Liberation Cup donated by the Soviets.
Through the late 40s and on into the early 50s the club's performance was uneven as they generally earned only mid-table results. However, led by club legend Karl Koller, in 1955 "Vienna" enjoyed an excellent season that ended with the club's sixth national championship title as they finished ahead of "
Wiener Sport-Club" on goal difference.
Fall from the top flight
"Vienna" remained competitive through the balance of the decade, consistently finishing in the top three, but the club faded through the 60s until they were finally relegated in 1968 for the first time since their return to the top flight after World War I. They re-appeared in the first division after a single season absence, but no longer seriously challenged for the title. With the establishment of the ten-team Zehnerliga, Austria's new premier division, in 1974-75, "Vienna" again found itself playing second division football until earning promotion in 1976. However, they continued to struggle as a lower division side and were again sent down in 1980.
The expansion of the first division from ten to sixteen teams in 1982 allowed "Vienna" back into the senior competition, but their inconsistent play continued. Another league re-organization established the twelve-team Austrian Bundesliga in 1985 and "Vienna" made its first appearance there in the following season. A highlight of this time was a strong championship round performance in 1988 that led to a fourth place finish that earned the club a
UEFA Cupappearance. The club remained a lower table side and was facing relegation trouble by the early-90s, finally being sent down in 1992. "Vienna" next enjoyed a strong run through the 1997 Austrian Cup competition which took them to the final where they dropped a 1:2 decision to first division side Sturm Graz.
However, the team could not recover itself in regular league play, and while they came close to a return to the Bundesliga several times, they continued a slide that in 2000 landed them in the third division "Regionalliga Ost" where they play today.
The club's home venue is the
Hohe Warte Stadiumbuilt in 1921 and having a current capacity of 5,000 spectators.
European cup history
*Austrian champions (6): 1931, 1933, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1955
Austrian Cupwinner (3): 1929, 1930, 1937
*Challenge Cup winner (2): 1899, 1900
German Cupwinner: 1943
Mitropa Cupwinner: 1931
Liberation Cupwinner: 1946
As Austria's oldest football club "Vienna" has played a notable role in the history of the game there.
* The club still uses the same logo and wears the same colours – blue and yellow – as originally adopted at its founding meeting in 1894.
* The team was involved in a failed attempt in the 1924-25 season to play Austria's first night game on a field lit by torches and flares, and playing with a ball covered in lime to make it more visible. They later successfully played the country's first match under floodlights on 3 November, 1956.
* "Vienna"'s 1931 Mitropa Cup title was unique in the history of the competition as they swept their opposition, winning all six of their matches.
* The club is currently sponsored by heating firm Fernwärme.
* [http://www.firstviennafc.at/modules/AMS/ Official website] de icon
* [http://www.austriasoccer.at/index.htm/ Austriasoccer]
* [http://www.rsssf.com Historical Austrian league results]
* [http://www.f-archiv.de Historical German league results] de icon
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