1940 Atlantic hurricane season
Infobox hurricane season | name=1940 Atlantic hurricane season
first storm formed=May 19, 1940
last storm dissipated=Oct. 26, 1940
strongest storm=#5 - 85 knots (95 mph)
five seasons=1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942 The 1940 Atlantic hurricane season officially began on June 16, 1940, and lasted until October 31, 1940. [A. D. Hawkins. [http://www.thehurricanearchive.com/Viewer.aspx?
] Retrieved on
2008-06-06.] These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin.
Tropical Storm One
While not entirely notable based on its track and location, a tropical storm formed and existed entirely during the month of May, a relatively rare event for its timing. It caused no damage or deaths.
At the southern end of an extratropical low-pressure trough, a frontal wave developed into a tropical storm on August 2 off the coast of
Florida. It moved westward, and hit Florida early the next day. The storm continued westward, crossing the Gulf of Mexicowhile slowly strengthening to an 80 mph (129 km/h) hurricane. The hurricane hit near the Texas/ Louisianaborder on the 8th, and dissipated three days later over Missouri. One casualty and $1.7 million in damage from flooding can be attributed to this hurricane.
A tropical storm was first observed on August 5, north of the
Lesser Antilles. It tracked generally to the northwest, and became a hurricane on the 8th. After reaching a peak of 90 mph (145 km/h) winds, the hurricane weakened to a minimal hurricane until hitting near the Georgia/ South Carolinaborder on the 11th. It moved slowly northwestward, and became extratropical on the 14th over Kentucky. It drifted eastward, and dropped heavy rain and flooding. The hurricane caused around 100 deaths, 80 from the mountainous flooding, and $3 million in damage at the coastal area of Georgia and South Carolina. Damage estimates are not available from the extratropical remnant.
Discovered as a strengthening tropical storm in late August, Storm Four headed northwest toward the
East Coast of the United States. The storm strengthened rather rapidly, its winds increasing to hurricane force and the pressure falling to 978 millibars on the same day it was discovered. Brushing North Carolina's Outer Banks, the hurricane turned to the north-northeast, maintaining intensity. After passing offshore of Cape Codand approaching the Bay of Fundy, the storm winds finally weakened below hurricane force. Storm Four made landfall along the coast of New Brunswickon September 3 as it became extratropical.
The strongest storm of the 1940 season formed in the south central Atlantic a several hundred miles southeast of the
Leeward Islandson September 10. The storm passed north of the eastern Greater Antilleson a west-northwestward track, steadily strengthening, becoming a hurricane north of Hispaniola. The hurricane continued to strengthen as it turned north-northeast. Upon reaching Category 2 strength, the storm did not strengthen further. Maintaining heading and intensity for the next two days, cooler water finally weakened the storm on September 15. However, Storm Five maintained hurricane intensity and struck southern Nova Scotiawith 75 mph winds. Continuing northeast as a tropical storm, it eventually became extratropical over Newfoundland. No damage or human fatalities were reported.
Tropical Storm Six
A tropical storm formed just east of
Bluefields, Nicaraguaon September 19. It moved northwestward, hitting the country shortly thereafter and reaching the Gulf of Honduras on the 20th. Early the next day, the storm made landfall on Belize, and after crossing the Yucatan Peninsula it moved across the Gulf of Mexico the northwest. As it neared the Texan coast, it slowed and turned to the east, paralleling the Texas and Louisiana coastlines before making landfall on the 24th over southern Louisiana. It dissipated the next day, after causing heavy flooding, amounting to 7 inches in some locations throughout its path.
Tropical Storm Seven
Forming from a late-October disturbance in the southwest
Caribbean Sea, Storm Seven never attained winds higher than 50 mph. It moved north and then curved west, impacting Nicaraguaas a weak system on October 23. Despite its low intensity, Storm Seven caused considerable damage from freshwater flooding.
Tropical Storm Eight
Another weak tropical storm formed near the
Turks and Caicosislands on October 24. The storm's winds peaked at 45 mph as it curved northeast out to sea, dissipating a couple days later.
List of tropical cyclones
List of Atlantic hurricane seasons
*List of wettest tropical cyclones in Louisiana
* [http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1940.pdf Monthly Weather Review]
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