Redstone Building

Infobox Building
building_name= The Redstone Building
building_type= Steel-reinforced brick facade

caption= "The San Francisco Labor Temple" known today as the Redstone Building was the headquarters for planning the 1934 Labor strikes
year_built= 1914
year_end= 1914
location= 2926-48 16th Street
San Francisco
coordinates= coord|37|45|55.34|N|122|25|5.66|W|display=inline,title
constructed= 1914
completion_date= 1914
opening= 1914
floor_count= 3
floor_area= convert|50000|sqft|m2|-3
elevator_count= 1
cost= USD $150,000
architect= Matthew O'Brien
owner= David Luchessi

The Redstone Building, also known as the Redstone Labor Temple, was formerly called "The San Francisco Labor Temple" and was built in 1914 for the San Francisco Labor Council, including labor union offices as well as meeting halls for the unions. The building was a hub of union organizing, work activities and a "primary center for the city's historic labor community for over half a century."cite web| title=San Francisco Landmarks: Landmark 238 | publisher=NoeHill| url =| accessdate=2007-08-01]

The Redstone building played a significant role in the 1917 United Railroads Streetcar Strikecite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title=United Railroads Streetcar Strike 1917
publisher=Shaping San Francisco
url =
] as well as the San Francisco maritime strikecite web
last =Windborne
first =Jamie
authorlink =
coauthors =
title=July Community Calendar
publisher=Mission Dispatch
date=July 16, 2007
] that led to the 1934 San Francisco General Strikecite web| title=A Timeline of San Francisco History - 1900-1950|| url =| accessdate=2007-08-01] cite web| title=Police Battle Stevedore Mob, Arrest Many| publisher=San Francisco News reprinted by San Francisco Museum| date=July 3, 1934 | url =| accessdate=2007-08-01] for better working conditions for all workers.cite web
last =Martí
first =Fernando
authorlink =
coauthors =
title=Aquí Estamos y No Nos Vamos! 230 Years of Resistencia en la Misión
publisher=Comite de Vivienda San Pedro
date=July 16, 2007
] The Redstone has been designated San Francisco's 238th landmark.cite web| title=San Francisco Landmarks list| publisher=San Francisco Preservation Society | year=2003| url =| accessdate=2007-08-01]


The entire Bay Area was Muwekma Ohlone land until the arrival of the Spanish in 1776. The last of San Francisco's Muwekma were forcibly removed from their villages around the city and from the Mission in 1826. The Ohlone are still attempting to gain tribal status today, but were refused by the Bush Administration because they currently hold no land.

The building property lies on the edge of a lake or Sausal (swampy marsh). The Spanish called it Lago Dolores. The Sausal covered a five block diameter from around South Van Ness to Guerrero Street, and from 15th to 20th street. Remnants of the Sausal still exist as the building requires 24 hour a day dewatering on the north and south sides of the building. According to the last building manager, the water coming into the building was from Isis Creek.

The property lies on 16th Street between South Van Ness, formerly Howard Street, and Capp. The building is situated on the very edge of what used to be an industrial zone, with large industrial facilities like the U.S. Steel facility, now a MUNI facility. The city also built a large armory two blocks away as part of the city's politically divisive labor history.

The North Mission District was a working class neighborhood from around 1870 up until the 1960s. The neighborhood continues to have a large number of ornate Victorian houses nearby. The North Mission was built and mostly populated by Irish Americans, but also included a Greek community as well.

The Redstone building is within a few blocks of the Mission San Francisco de Asís, the Victoria Theater, Rainbow Grocery, which was originally the Mack Truck company, that was then replaced by a regional St Vincent DePaul center, and Roxie Theaters in the Mission District. What is currently a Walgreens store used to be a boxing arena.

San Francisco Labor Temple

[ The San Francisco Labor Temple was dedicated] on September 7 1914 by former San Francisco mayor and head of the local Building Trades Council P.H. McCarthy. The cornerstone was set [ by A.J Gallagaher] . The San Francisco Labor Council held a grand opening for the Labor Temple on February 27th 1915. The SF Labor Council newspaper, the Labor Clarion, described the building on the front page of its newspaper on February 26 1915. The article described the building interior and gave details such as the $150,000 construction cost. The building included 25 office spaces, a number of large halls, and the convert|70|ft|m|0|sing=on x convert|62|ft|m|0|sing=on main auditorium. The building would have its own medical and dental clinic. One of the first steel frame buildings erected in San Francisco,cite web
last =Noble
first =Aaron
authorlink =
coauthors =
title=Redstone Labor Temple Mural Project
publisher=Creative Work Fund
date=10 June 2007, page 13
url =
] the building is steel reinforced with a brick facade on two sides and masonry on the other. A new wing to the building was added in the late 1930s.

A May 1916 Union Directory had 54 unions using the building for their meetings. The bakers and bakery wagon drivers, the bindery women, blacksmiths, butchers, carriage and wagon workers, cigar makers, coopers, horseshoers, ice and milk wagon drivers, janitors, sail makers, and tailors all met at the Labor Temple.

1934 General Strike

The most significant historical event at the Labor Temple took place in July 1934 when the longshoremen and maritime workers led San Francisco workers in the momentous General Strike that changed the labor movement forever. The waterfront workers lived on the fringes of society in conditions that, even for those times, were abominable. The longshoremen had to pay for their jobs on the dock; the seafarers were little more than slaves on the ships. They wanted no more than any worker wants: dignity on the job and off, justice, a living wage. They were willing to strike because their conditions were so bad, they had almost nothing to lose.

The longshoremen and seamen had been out on strike for about three months without much success, few other unions had joined them in sympathy, but the strikers hung on. The shipping companies were determined to bring the strikers to their knees and stop the strike. They had hired armed guards as well as San Francisco police to do their dirty work. For several days there had been fighting on Rincon Hill. On July 5, just outside of the strike kitchen at 113 Steuart, an unnamed policeman fired into a crowd of longshoremen and their sympathizers, shooting several of them. Two died. The deaths of Howard Sperry and Nick Bordoise stunned the public. This infamous day in San Francisco labor history became know as “Bloody Thursday” and galvanized the rest of the unions to support the struggle.

The next day (July 6) was the regular Friday night session of the San Francisco Labor Council. The Council members packed the auditorium in the Labor Temple; hundreds more spectators jammed the halls and overflowed onto 16th Street. A growing demand for a general strike was on the minds of the rank and file members. Fourteen unions had already taken action supporting a general strike and others were planning action. Harry Bridges was in attendance and asked for immediate action on an International Longshoreman’s Association (ILA) resolution underscoring its position that the question of union hiring halls “cannot possibly be submitted to arbitration.” The resolution was approved without dissent as was a second resolution condemning Governor Merriam for calling out the state militia. This resolution urged a peace based on ‘simple justice and not military force.” At this meeting the S.F. Labor Council set up a Strike Strategy Committee to, in the words of the ILA Strike Bulletin, “make plans of a strike that will stop every industry in the city.” The bulletin noted, too, that the council had endorsed the ILA’s refusal to arbitrate the closed shop. Bridges declared, “This is no longer the ILA’s fight alone. Thursday’s bloody rioting has crystallized labor’s attention on the conditions under which the ILA works and labor is demanding concerted action. The Labor Council is definitely behind the marine strike.”

On July 9, a funeral procession bearing the bodies of the two slain unionists walked down Market Street. Estimates range from 15,000 to 50,000 in the procession. Thousands more lined the sidewalks. Fearing that sight of police on the streets would incite workers further, City Hall agreed that the strikers would be in charge of crowd control. There was no talking, no sound except a quiet funeral dirge, and the tramp of feet, but the air was electric with that sound. Their deaths - and that march - forged the solidarity that became the West Coast General Strike. The march ended at 17th and Valencia at the mortuary, just two blocks away from the Labor Temple. No doubt many mourners walked over to the Temple afterward to be together. To try to make some sense of what was happening. To decide what to do next.

Although a number of unions, including the Teamsters, had already decided to strike by July 12, the Labor Council’s Strike Committee had not yet formally acted. It was in the auditorium of the Labor Temple where the vote was taken that sent the 175 unions of the SF Labor Council out on strike in support of the Longshoremen and Seafarers. The new General Strike Committee had already written up the motion. You would recognize many of the names on that strike committee: Jack Shelly, A. Noriega, Mike Casey, and of course, Harry Bridges. The strike vote meeting was held on Saturday, July 14, with the strike to commence on Monday, July 16, at 8 am. The S.F. Chronicle of July 15 reported the strike decision inside the Labor Temple in a colorful description: “Amid scenes of wildest conditions, with hundreds of delegates shouting and scores of others in a condition approaching hysteria, labor made the most momentous decision in many years. Throngs mulled about the Labor Temple at Sixteenth and Capp streets during four hours…” Finally, a hod carrier by the name of Joe Murphy made the motion.

The historic San Francisco General Strike went on for four days, ending July 19, 1934. The strike was a success, opening the way to end the longshoremen’s and maritime workers’ strikes but extending beyond their demands to change the relationship between worker and boss forever. The maritime workers won the most contested issue, hiring halls with a union selected job dispatcher. Longshoremen won a six-hour day and 30-hour workweek while seamen won an eight-hour day. The solidarity with their brothers on the docks shown by the General Strike in San Francisco was heard around America in the midst of the Great Depression. Labor historian David Selvin called it a “new day” when workers acted from a new awareness of common grievances and common purpose, a newly recognized class identity that inspired workers nationwide.


The building fell on hard times in the late 1950s, with many unions leaving. The SFLC had to take out a $275,000 loan to bring the building up to code, including a new front entrance. There were damages to the exterior from the March 22, 1957 earthquake that struck the city, the largest since the 1906 earthquake.

Transition into a community center

On April 5th 1966 [,9171,835555,00.html Dow Wilson] , the secretary of the Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers' San Francisco Local 4 was killed around the corner from the building in a corruption dispute. His murder led to the building being sold to Peter Blasko for $228,000. The sale helped SFLC pay off their outstanding loan. They continued to lease space as did other unions after the murder of Wilson. Blasko later sold the property to the M.K Blake Estate which held the building until 1989. By this time the building had become a community center.

The Mission District which used to be predominantly Irish and working class had been shifting towards a predominantly Latino community. By the early 1980s the building would be leased to mostly Latino organizations with a couple labor organizations, the local chapter of the American Federation of Teachers, which represented teachers at at San Francisco City College and ABSCME Local 1650 CUCE.

Theater Rhino moves in

Theatre Rhinoceros or "The Rhino", which had been established in 1977 for developing and producing original LGBTcite web
title=San Francisco Professional Queer Theater: About Rhino - History
publisher=Theatre Rhinoceros
url =
] theater to explore "the ordinary and extraordinary aspects of our queer community" moved into the Redstone in 1981. The Rhino was the first gay theatre to receive funding from the National Endowment for the Artscite web
title=2002 Grant Awards: Creativity - Theater
publisher=National Endowment for the Arts
url =
] and is the "world’s oldest and longest-running queer theatre"cite web
last =DeWitt
first =W.
title=More Queer This Year
publisher=Out Now (magazine)
month=August | year=2004
url =
] and the Redstone's 2nd oldest and largest tenantcite web
last =Costantinou
first =Marianne
title=Specter of eviction in the Mission: Small businesses lose to dot-com gentrification
publisher=San Francisco Examiner
date=November 29, 1999
url =
] producing "an unparalleled amount of original work"cite web
last =Adrian
first =Amber
title=25 Years of the Lavender Rhino
date=Fall 2002
url =
] shown in The Rhino's two theaters. The Rhino's marquee and box office are at the Redstone's north entrance.

Earthquake damage

After the 1988 death of Henry Hawke, who had been doing the maintenance and co-management, M.K. Blake Estate sold the building to David Kimmel. Just as the sale was completed, the October 1989 earthquake struck the city, damaging an old add-on closet on the north wing of the building. The damaged section as well as an old water tower were removed. Kimmel who also had properties in downtown Santa Cruz went into bankruptcy due to damages to all of his properties. David Ahekian, attempted to reorganize Kimmel's properties but failed and abandoned the property in July 1992. The building went into court ordered receivership that was held by Brighton Pacific. It was then picked up in September 1992 by David Luchessi, an investor of Kimmel's.

Redstone Labor Temple murals

The Clarion Alley Mural Project (CAMP), named after their first mural project on Clarion Alley (between 17th and 18th Streets near Mission Street) announced the mural project to the tenants on April 19 1996 after getting tentative support from the Redstone Building Manager and a grant written and won by The Redstone's multimedia artist project called The LAB.

After obtaining funding and permission to go ahead with the project, CAMP members spent several months researching the history of the building at San Francisco State University's Labor Archives. They followed this up with surveys to all of the Redstone Building tenants, followed by several meetings, including the first one with tenants on June 19 1996. Working color sketches were supposed to be presented to tenants on September 3 1996, but delayed until October 25 1996. The sketches were then taken to the Building owner who gave permission to begin painting the murals. The initial phase of the CAMP project was made up of nine artists: Carolyn Castano, John Fadeff, Susan Greene (a Redstone tenant), Barry McGee, Ruby Neri, Sebastiani Pastor, Rigo '96, Lilly Rodriguez, Chuck Sperry and Project Director Arron Noble. The project outreach coordinator was Mary Newson with the Lab's Laura Braun coordinating the administration of the city grant, which was part of the original $1.8 million Mission Armory Foundation money that was broken up by Mayor Brown and given to arts groups across the city.

On January 25 1997 the Redstone Labor Temple Mural Project was dedicated by San Francisco mayor Willie L. Brown, Jr.The lobby and first floor of the Redstone's walls are covered by the CAMP murals, covering the building's labor, Filipino, Latino and gay historycite web
last =Mosher
first =Mike
title=Neighborhood Art Traffic Signals: Johanna Poethig's "Freeway Prophecy" Mural
publisher=Bad Subjects
date=October 1998, Issue #40
] that "reflect the building’s history and many uses" and are "commemorating key labor actions like the (1934) strike and picket by the Chinese Garment Workers Union and the formation of the Bindery Women's Union."cite web
last =Vogel
first =Richard D.
title=LaborFest 2007: A Moveable Feast
publisher=Monthly Review
date=October 1998, Issue #40

Six of the completed Red Stone Building murals depict the activities of the labor unions in the building (from 1914 to 1966). Chuck Sperry recreated the scene of a Labor Council planning meeting for the landmark 1934 General Strike, while Aaron Noble’s piece illustrates two important moments in the City’s labor history—when the corrupt union official Ben Rasnick was thrown out of the Red Stone Building by Dow Wilson; and, later, when Wilson was murdered by shotgun fire on April 5 1966. Other labor-themed murals in the building are Isis Rodriguez’s illustration of the Bindery Women’s Local 125, which occupied the building in the early 1920s; Sebastiana Pastor's depicting the organization of the Chinese Ladies Garment Workers Union Local 341 in 1938; Ruby Neri (with Alicia McCarthy)'s personal work (in ball-point pen) on the theme of sign painting—an oblique tribute to Sign Painters' Local 510, which sanctioned the project; and Susan Greene's rendering of the Service Employees International Union's hotel and department store strike of 1941.

The remaining six murals reflect later uses of the building. Two are historical: John Fadeff's piece evokes construction of the building's foundation, and Carolyn Castaño's depicts ballroom dancing in the former Filipino-American social club. Others reflect the building’s current uses: an abstract piece by stencil artist Scott Williams for the entrance of the LAB, invoking a technological urban landscape; Barry McGee's illustration of immigrants floating to a new land; Rigo '97's "3/4 Water," celebrating the environmental organizations in the building; and Matt Day's small piece dedicated to the building’s many alternative media organizations. Later, a mural honoring long-time building tenant Theater Rhinoceros was added to the project.

There are also murals on the second and third floors. The second-floor mural was produced by the former Women's Luna Sea Theater Company, while the third-floor mural, located in the Mission Area Federal Credit Union's lobby, depicts modern neighborhood history.

The project was coordinated by interdisciplinary artists group The LAB which produces art shows and events year round in one of the buildings main theater spaces.

Redstone Tenants Association

The tenants of the Redstone started organizing and formed the Redstone Tenants Association (RTA) in 1999 to coordinate organizing around possibly buying the building and making general improvements to the large property as part of a general concern about gentrification of the neighborhood resulting in evictions and rising rents.cite web
last =Kahn
first =Kelley
authorlink =
coauthors =
title=A Tale of Three Cities, San Francisco, CA Focus on The Mission District
date=June 17, 2003
] San Francisco was experiencing a hot rental market with the dot-com boom that created high-paying technical jobs and, in the process, displaced both commercial and residential renters with evictions and skyrocketing rents. With the help of the Mission Economic Development Association (MEDA) the tenants obtained a grant to do their own economic analysis of the building with the intent to make a formal bid for purchase. A variety of entities were approached with the hope of finding a non-profit owner.fact|date=July 2007


The first grant the RTA obtained was for $2,000 from the National Trust for Historic Preservation, which was used to start the process of obtaining historic landmark status for the building. The landmarking took from 2001 to 2004 to complete. The city formalized the building's historic status on July 14 2004, assigning it number 238. It is the second labor-related historic landmark in San Francisco. Exactly three years to the date of gaining historic landmark status, the annual "Labor Fest" did the first mural tour of the building and surrounding neighborhood.

On July 31 2004 the Redstone celebrated the landmark status that had been bestowed by the San Francisco Board of Supervisors. The event included a proclamation from the Board as well as Walter Johnson, head of the SF Labor Council, who presented the plaque to the Redstone Building manager and Betty Traynor, RTA organizer. The event included musicians, poetry and historic information about the building, along with union members whose organizations once inhabited the former union hall.cite web
title=LaborFest 2004 Offers Films, Events Throughout July
publisher=El Tecolote
date=June 29 2004
] cite web
title=Architectural and Aesthetic Landmarks
publisher=City and County of San Francisco

GLBT Historical Society started

Concerned with losing the history of gay men who were dying from AIDS, Willie Walker, a gay nurse, started a collection of historical GLBT materials including mementos, documents, literature, published media, and ephemera in his home in 1985.cite web
title=Lagar newsletter: Gay, Lesbian Historical Society of Northern California
publisher=Society of American Archivists
date=December 1999, No. 19
] In 1990 he moved his growing archives into the basement of the Redstone, which became the start of the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society (GLBTHS).cite web
title=About the GLBT Historical Society
publisher=Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society
] Walker became an archivistcite web
last =Engardio
first =Joel P.
title=A Legacy in Limbo: Two decades after Harvey Milk's assassination, a historic collection of his memorabilia still waits for a proper home
publisher=SF Weekly
date=November 8, 2000
] and curator for the GLBTHS which has become a community-supported non-profit organizationcite web
last =Williams
first =Ron
title=Queer and Kinky Danger: Art of San Francisco's Leather/SM/Kink Worlds
] and "internationally recognized museum, archives and research center."cite web
title=S.F. GLBT Historical Society Launches Project to Document Early Responses to AIDS Crisis
publisher=San Francisco Observer
date= May 6 2005
url= | accessdate=2007-08-02
] In 1995, the GLBTHS outgrew the basement of the Redstone and was moved to its new Market Street space.

The Redstone 2000

The current building has nearly convert|50000|sqft|m2|-3 of tenant space housing over forty tenants and four theaters, including Theatre Rhinoceros, the oldest gay theater in the U.S. and the Redstone's largest tenant.

Today, its tenants include three theater ensembles: gay Theatre Rhinoceros, feminist Luna Sea, and the Latino El Teatro de la Esperanza. Other causes are evidenced by the groups' names: the Mission Area Federal Credit Union, the Filipino-American Employment and Training Center, the Industrial Workers of the World, the Homeless Children's Network, the Coalition on Homelessness, Hard Hat Magazine, the Eviction Defense Network, California Prison Focus, and on and on.

"We call it a microcosm of the Mission and The City," said Elisabeth Beaird, the administrative director of The Lab, a visual and performance art gallery. "Almost every group is represented: Latino, activist causes, the arts, gays."

Redstone Building today

The building lost Woman's Luna Sea Project in 2005, Spirit Menders in July 2007, Mission Agenda in 2006, Cine Accion in 2006, Homes Not Borders in 2006, IndyBay in 2006, The Homeless Children's Network In August 2007 and will lose the Mission Area Federal Credit Union in October 2007. Theater Rhino has had its rent more than double in the last two years and is currently looking for a new home, while all of the tenants have been hit with substantial rent increases over the last two years. The Redstone Building is once again facing a serious crisis.

Former Labor Union tenants

* AFSCME Local 1650 CUCE
* American Federation of Teachers local
* Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators and Paperhangers' San Francisco Local 4
* Chinese Garment Workers Local 341
* Industrial Workers of the World (IWW local 23)
* San Francisco Labor Council
* SEIU local Department Store Workers
* Signpainters Local 510
* Temple Shave (barber shop at 2944 16th St during labor era)
* United Taxicab Workers
* Waitress workers local
* Women's Bindery Workers

List of tenants from 1982-2007

* 415 Records
* 500 Years Coalition (Native Rights Campaign)
* 4SD (computer consulting)
* AFSCME Local 1650 CUCE
* Abalone Alliance
* Academic Research Information System (ARIS)
* Agit Spin Productions
* AlphaGraphics
* American Federation of Teachers City College of San Francisco
* Art & Revolution
* Bad Dog Jewelry
* Balone Print Coop
* Bay Area Girls Network
* Bay View/Hunters Point Neighborhood Assoc. (handicapped)
* Bay Area Physicians for Human Rights (AIDS)
* Big Mountain Support Group
* BikeAid
* Bolerium Books
* Cafe Gaudi
* Cabdriver Institute
* California Prison Focus (
* Catholic Charities (immigration program)
* Center for Human Development
* Chile Lindo
* Chile Resource Center & Clearinghouse
* Chris Daley for Supervisor Campaign
* Cine Accion
* Circuit Network
* Club Kommotion
* Collision Course
* Dan's Travel Agency
* Doctor Yeah (acupuncture)
* Donor Network
* Don't Waste California
* Eviction Defense Network
* Family Resource Development Agency
* Fil-Am Employ & Training Center
* Film Arts Foundation
* Fine Line Construction
* Gay & Lesbian Historical Society
* Global Exchange
* SF Greens
* [ Green Cab]
* Grupo Maya
* Haight Ashbury Switchboard
* Hard Hat Construction Magazine
* Health Fair Project
* Homes Not Borders
* Homeless Children's Network
* Indybay (Indymedia)
* International Workers of the World (local 23)
* JACKIE (children support)
* Jobs with Peace
* June 21st city celebrations
* Kulintang Arts
* Labor Video Project
* Latin American Resource & Clearinghouse
* Luna Sea (women's theater collective)
* LIP magazine
* Making Waves
* Mark Huestis
* MAS Media
* Mission Agenda
* Mission Area Federal Credit Union
* Mission Community Legal Defense
* Mission Foot Lab
* Mission Health Clinic Teen Project
* Mobile Assistance Patrol
* National Writers Union
* Neighbor to Neighbor
* New World University
* North/South Communications
* Oct 22nd Coalition
* Open Forum (Collective discussion group)
* Outlook (Gay Newspaper)
* Outsider Enterprises
* Pacific Petitions
* Peru Support Committee
* Philippine Resource Center
* Phreda Clinic
* Proyecto Contra SIDA Por Vida
* San Francisco Clinic Consortium
* San Francisco Coalition for Living Wages
* San Francisco Gay Historical Society (Name later changed to LBGT)
* San Francisco People's Organization
* San Francisco Sane/Freeze
* San Francisco Sex Information
* San Francisco Youth Credit Union Project (YCUP)
* Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence
* SmartMeme Strategy & Training Project
* Socialist Review
* Spirit Menders
* Spring Leather
* Sweat Magazine
* Teatro De La Esperanza
* Theatre Rhinoceros
* Teatro Ng Tanan Theater
* Temp Workers Net
* [ The Lab]
* The Organizer
* [ United Taxicab Workers]
* Video Activist Network
* Western Regional Advocacy Project (WRAP)
* Whispered Media
* W.O.M.A.N. Inc
* Women for Nuclear Disarmament (WAND)
* Women's health collective
* The World Can't Waitand a lot of artists

The project is currently seeking information about labor tenants during its 1914-1968 period.

See also

* 1934 West Coast Waterfront Strike
* Eight hour day
* Harry Bridges
* Labour Day
* Landrum-Griffin Act
* List of Registered Historic Places in San Francisco, California
* Salting
* Strike
* Workers Memorial Day
* The LAB


Further reading

* Gary Brechin, Imperial San Francisco: Urban Power, Earthly Ruin, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999.
* James Brook, Chris Carlsson and Nancy Peters, eds., Reclaiming San Francisco: History, Politics, Culture, City Lights Books, San Francisco, 198
* Manuel Castells, The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1983.
* Richard DeLeon, Left Coast City: Progressive Politics in San Francisco, 1975-1991, University Press of Kansas, 1992
* Antonio Díaz, “Race & Space: Dot-Colonization and Dislocation in La Misión,” in Shades of Power, 2000.
* Cassi Feldman, “Defending the Barrio,” San Francisco Bay Guardian, 2000.
* Brian Godfrey, Neighborhoods in Transition: The Making of San Francisco’s Ethnic and Nonconformist Communities, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1988.
* Chester Hartman, City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco, University of California Press, Berkeley, 2002.
* Beatriz Johnston Hernandez, “The Invaders,” El Andar, 2000.
* Anthony Lee, Painting on the Left: Diego Rivera, Radical Politics, and San Francisco’s Public Murals, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1999
* Mission Housing Development Corporation, A Plan for the Inner Mission, 1974.

External links

* [ Redstone Building website]
* [ Labor rights in the USA]
* [ "Labor Notes" magazine]
* [ List of San Francisco historic landmarks]
* [ Early history of the California Coast: San Francisco] - clickable map and descriptions
* [ World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area]

Historical photos

* [ 1885: Mission Dolores]
* [ 1922: Looking west on 16th Street]
* [ 1925: 16th and Mission Streets]
* [ 1925: 17th and Capp Streets]
* [ 1927: 16th and Howard Streets]
* [ 1927: Adair and Howard Streets]
* [ 1929: Redstone Building]

Redstone Labor Temple murals

* [ A gallery of over 50 images of the murals]
* [ Photo of "Emporium Strike” mural by Susan Greene]
* [ Photo of "Bindery Women's Union Local No. 125" mural by Iris Rodriguez]
* [ Several photos of the murals]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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