Crematogaster

Crematogaster
Crematogaster hespera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Lund, 1831 [1]
Diversity
> 420 species
Crematogaster degeeri
Crematogaster corticicola

Crematogaster is an ecologically diverse genus of ants found worldwide, which are characterised by a distinctive heart-shaped gaster (abdomen), which gives one of their common names, Valentine Ant.[2] It is the only genus of the tribus Crematogastrini. Most of species are arboreal. These ants are sometimes known as acrobat ants.[3]

Species

More than 420 species are recognised in the genus Crematogaster:[1]

  • C. abdominalis Motschoulsky, 1863
  • C. aberrans Forel, 1892
  • C. abrupta Mann, 1919
  • C. abstinens Forel, 1899
  • C. acaciae Forel, 1892
  • C. aculeata Donisthorpe, 1941
  • C. acuta Fabricius, 1804
  • C. adrepens Forel, 1897
  • C. aegyptiaca Mayr, 1862
  • C. affabilis Forel, 1907
  • C. afghanica Forel, 1967
  • C. africana Mayr, 1895
  • C. agnetis Forel, 1892
  • C. agniae Karavaiev, 1935
  • C. agnita Wheeler, 1934
  • C. aitkenii Forel, 1902
  • C. algirica Lucas, 1849
  • C. alluaudi Emery, 1893
  • C. aloysiisabaudiae Menozzi, 1930
  • C. alulai Emery, 1901
  • C. amabilis Santschi, 1911
  • C. amapaensis Kempf, 1960
  • C. ambigua Santschi, 1926
  • C. amita Forel, 1913
  • C. ampullaris Smith, 1861
  • C. ancipitula Forel, 1917
  • C. angulosa Andre, 1896
  • C. angusticeps Santschi, 1911
  • C. antaris Forel, 1894
  • C. anthracina Smith, 1857
  • C. apicalis Motschoulsky, 1878
  • C. arata Emery, 1906
  • C. arcuata Forel, 1899
  • C. arizonensis Wheeler, 1908
  • C. armandi Forel, 1921
  • C. arnoldi Forel, 1914
  • C. aroensis Menozzi, 1935
  • C. arthurimuelleri Forel, 1894
  • C. ashmeadi Mayr, 1886
  • C. atitlanica Wheeler, 1936
  • C. atkinsoni Wheeler, 1919
  • C. atra Mayr, 1870
  • C. auberti Emery, 1869
  • C. augusti Emery, 1895
  • C. aurita Karavaiev, 1935
  • C. australis Mayr, 1876
  • C. baduvi Forel, 1912
  • C. bakeri Menozzi, 1925
  • C. barbouri Weber, 1934
  • C. batesi Forel, 1911
  • C. bequaerti Forel, 1913
  • C. betapicalis Smith, 1995
  • C. bicolor Smith, 1860
  • C. biformis Andre, 1892
  • C. binghamii Forel, 1904
  • C. bingo Forel, 1908
  • C. biroi Mayr, 1897
  • C. bison Forel, 1913
  • C. boera Ruzsky, 1926
  • C. bogojawlenskii Ruzsky, 1905
  • C. boliviana Wheeler, 1922
  • C. borneensis Andre, 1896
  • C. brasiliensis Mayr, 1878
  • C. brevimandibularis Donisthorpe, 1943
  • C. brevis Emery, 1887
  • C. brevispinosa Mayr, 1870
  • C. breviventris Santschi, 1920
  • C. browni Buren, 1968
  • C. bruchi Forel, 1912
  • C. brunnea Smith, 1857
  • C. brunneipennis Andre, 1890
  • C. brunnescens Motschoulsky, 1863
  • C. buchneri Forel, 1894
  • C. buddhae Forel, 1902
  • C. butteli Forel, 1913
  • C. californica Wheeler, 1919
  • C. capensis Mayr, 1862
  • C. captiosa Forel, 1911
  • C. carinata Mayr, 1862
  • C. castanea Smith, 1858
  • C. censor Forel, 1910
  • C. cephalotes Smith, 1857
  • C. cerasi Fitch, 1855
  • C. chiarinii Emery, 1881
  • C. chlorotica Emery, 1899
  • C. chopardi Bernard, 1950
  • C. chungi Brown, 1949
  • C. cicatriculosa Roger, 1863
  • C. clariventris Mayr, 1895
  • C. clydia Forel, 1912
  • C. coarctata Mayr, 1870
  • C. coelestis Santschi, 1911
  • C. colei Buren, 1968
  • C. concava Emery, 1899
  • C. constructor Emery, 1895
  • C. coriaria Mayr, 1872
  • C. cornigera Forel, 1902
  • C. cornuta Crawley, 1924
  • C. corporaali Santschi, 1928
  • C. corticicola Mayr, 1887
  • C. corvina Mayr, 1870
  • C. crassicornis Emery, 1893
  • C. crinosa Mayr, 1862
  • C. cristata Santschi, 1929
  • C. curvispinosa Mayr, 1862
  • C. cuvierae Donisthorpe, 1945
  • C. cylindriceps Wheeler, 1927
  • C. dahlii Forel, 1901
  • C. daisyi Forel, 1901
  • C. dalyi Forel, 1902
  • C. decamera Forel, 1910
  • C. degeeri Forel, 1886
  • C. delagoensis Forel, 1894
  • C. delitescens Wheeler, 1921
  • C. dentinodis Forel, 1901
  • C. depilis Wheeler, 1919
  • C. depressa (Latreille, 1802)
  • C. descarpentriesi Santschi, 1928
  • C. descolei Kusnezov, 1949
  • C. desecta Forel, 1911
  • C. desperans Forel, 1914
  • C. difformis Smith, 1857
  • C. diffusa (Jerdon, 1851)
  • C. dispar Forel, 1902
  • C. distans Mayr, 1870
  • C. dohrni Mayr, 1879
  • C. dolens Forel, 1910
  • C. donisthorpei Santschi, 1934
  • C. dorsidens Santschi, 1925
  • C. dubia Karavaiev, 1935
  • C. ebenina Forel, 1902
  • C. edentula Santschi, 1914
  • C. egidyi Forel, 1903
  • C. egregior Forel, 1912
  • C. elegans Smith, 1859
  • C. elysii Mann, 1919
  • C. emeryana Creighton, 1950
  • C. emeryi Forel, 1907
  • C. emmae Forel, 1891
  • C. enneamera Emery, 1900
  • C. ensifera Forel, 1910
  • C. erecta Mayr, 1866
  • C. esterelana (Bernard, 1978)
  • C. eurydice Forel, 1915
  • C. euterpe Santschi, 1922
  • C. evallans Forel, 1907
  • C. excisa Mayr, 1895
  • C. ferrarii Emery, 1888
  • C. flavicornis Emery, 1897
  • C. flavitarsis Emery, 1900
  • C. foraminiceps Santschi, 1913
  • C. formosa Mayr, 1870
  • C. foxi Mann, 1919
  • C. fraxatrix Forel, 1911
  • C. fritzi Emery, 1901
  • C. frivola Forel, 1902
  • C. fruhstorferi Emery, 1901
  • C. fuentei Menozzi, 1922
  • C. fulmeki Forel, 1922
  • C. fusca Mayr, 1876
  • C. gabonensis Emery, 1899
  • C. gallicola Forel, 1894
  • C. gambiensis Andre, 1889
  • C. gavapiga Menozzi, 1935
  • C. gerstaeckeri Dalla Torre, 1892
  • C. gibba Emery, 1894
  • C. gratiosa Santschi, 1926
  • C. grevei Forel, 1891
  • C. gutenbergi Santschi, 1914
  • C. heathi Mann, 1916
  • C. hemiceros Santschi, 1926
  • C. hespera Buren, 1968
  • C. hezaradjatica Pisarski, 1967
  • C. himalayana Forel, 1902
  • C. hogsoni Forel, 1902
  • C. homeri Forel, 1913
  • C. hottentota Emery, 1899
  • C. hova Forel, 1887
  • C. huberi Forel, 1907
  • C. iheringi Forel, 1908
  • C. ilgii Forel, 1910
  • C. impressa Emery, 1899
  • C. impressiceps Mayr, 1902
  • C. inca Wheeler, 1925
  • C. inconspicua Mayr, 1896
  • C. incorrecta Santschi, 1917
  • C. indefensa Kempf, 1968
  • C. inermis Mayr, 1862
  • C. inflata Smith, 1857
  • C. innocens Forel, 1911
  • C. inops Forel, 1892
  • C. insularis Smith, 1859
  • C. ionia Forel, 1911
  • C. iridipennis Smith, 1865
  • C. irritabilis Smith, 1860
  • C. isolata Buren, 1968
  • C. jacobsoni Forel, 1911
  • C. javanica Menozzi, 1935
  • C. jeanneli Santschi, 1914
  • C. jehovae Forel, 1907
  • C. jullieni Santschi, 1910
  • C. juventa Santschi, 1926
  • C. kachelibae Arnold, 1954
  • C. karawaiewi Menozzi, 1935
  • C. kasaiensis Forel, 1913
  • C. kelleri Forel, 1891
  • C. kirbii (Sykes, 1835)
  • C. kneri Mayr, 1862
  • C. kohli Forel, 1909
  • C. kutteri Viehmeyer, 1924
  • C. laboriosa Smith, 1874
  • C. laestrygon Emery, 1869
  • C. laeviceps Smith, 1858
  • C. laevis Mayr, 1878
  • C. laevissima Smith, 1860
  • C. laeviuscula Mayr, 1870
  • C. lamottei Bernard, 1953
  • C. lango Weber, 1943
  • C. larreae Buren, 1968
  • C. latuka Weber, 1943
  • C. laurenti Forel, 1909
  • C. ledouxi Soulie, 1961
  • C. libengensis Stitz, 1916
  • C. liengmei Forel, 1894
  • C. limata Smith, 1858
  • C. lineolata (Say, 1836)
  • C. litoralis Arnold, 1955
  • C. lobata Emery, 1895
  • C. longiceps Forel, 1910
  • C. longiclava Emery, 1893
  • C. longipilosa Forel, 1907
  • C. longispina Emery, 1890
  • C. lorteti Forel, 1910
  • C. lotti Weber, 1943
  • C. lucayana Wheeler, 1905
  • C. luctans Forel, 1907
  • C. lutzi Forel, 1905
  • C. macracantha Creighton, 1945
  • C. madagascariensis Andre, 1887
  • C. madecassa Emery, 1895
  • C. magitae Forel, 1910
  • C. magnifica Santschi, 1925
  • C. major Donisthorpe, 1941
  • C. manni Buren, 1968
  • C. margaritae Emery, 1895
  • C. marioni Buren, 1968
  • C. marthae Forel, 1892
  • C. matsumurai Forel, 1901
  • C. meijerei Emery, 1911
  • C. melanogaster Emery, 1895
  • C. menilekii Forel, 1894
  • C. mesonotalis Emery, 1911
  • C. microspina Menozzi, 1942
  • C. millardi Forel, 1902
  • C. mimicans Donisthorpe, 1932
  • C. mimosae Santschi, 1914
  • C. minutissima Mayr, 1870
  • C. misella Arnold, 1920
  • C. mjobergi Forel, 1915
  • C. modiglianii Emery, 1900
  • C. montezumia Smith, 1858
  • C. monticola Arnold, 1920
  • C. moorei Donisthorpe, 1941
  • C. moqorensis Pisarski, 1967
  • C. mormonum Wheeler, 1919
  • C. mottazi Santschi, 1928
  • C. mucronata Emery, 1900
  • C. muralti Forel, 1910
  • C. mutans Buren, 1968
  • C. myops Forel, 1911
  • C. natalensis Forel, 1910
  • C. navajoa Buren, 1968
  • C. nesiotis Mann, 1919
  • C. neuvillei Forel, 1907
  • C. nigeriensis Santschi, 1914
  • C. nigrans Forel, 1915
  • C. nigriceps Emery, 1897
  • C. nigronitens Santschi, 1917
  • C. nigropilosa Mayr, 1870
  • C. nocturna Buren, 1968
  • C. oasium Santschi, 1911
  • C. obnigra Mann, 1919
  • C. obscura Smith, 1857
  • C. obscurior Dalla Torre, 1892
  • C. ochracea Mayr, 1862
  • C. ochraceiventris Stitz, 1916
  • C. onusta Stitz, 1925
  • C. opaca Mayr, 1870
  • C. opaciceps Mayr, 1901
  • C. opuntiae Buren, 1968
  • C. ornatipilis Wheeler, 1918
  • C. orobia Santschi, 1919
  • C. osakensis Forel, 1900
  • C. oscaris Forel, 1910
  • C. overbecki Viehmeyer, 1916
  • C. oxygynoides Santschi, 1934
  • C. painei Donisthorpe, 1945
  • C. pallida Lowne, 1865
  • C. pallipes Mayr, 1862
  • C. paolii Menozzi, 1930
  • C. paradoxa Emery, 1894
  • C. parallela Santschi, 1925
  • C. patei Buren, 1968
  • C. pauciseta Emery, 1899
  • C. pauli Emery, 1901
  • C. pellens Walker, 1859
  • C. perelegans Forel, 1902
  • C. peringueyi Emery, 1895
  • C. peristerica Menozzi, 1925
  • C. perthensis Crawley, 1922
  • C. peruviana (Wheeler, 1922)
  • C. petiolidens Forel, 1916
  • C. phoenica Santschi, 1915
  • C. phoenix Santschi, 1921
  • C. pia Forel, 1911
  • C. pilosa Emery, 1895
  • C. polita Smith, 1865
  • C. politula Forel, 1902
  • C. polymnia Santschi, 1922
  • C. popohana Forel, 1912
  • C. praecursor Emery, 1891
  • C. pseudinermis Viehmeyer, 1923
  • C. pulchella Bernard, 1953
  • C. punctulata Emery, 1895
  • C. pusilla (Heer, 1850)
  • C. pygmaea Forel, 1904
  • C. pythia Forel, 1915
  • C. quadriformis Roger, 1863
  • C. quadrispinosa Roger, 1863
  • C. queenslandica Forel, 1902
  • C. ralumensis Forel, 1901
  • C. ranavalonae Forel, 1887
  • C. ransonneti Mayr, 1868
  • C. rasoherinae Forel, 1891
  • C. rectinota Forel, 1913
  • C. recurva Emery, 1897
  • C. resulcata Bolton, 1995
  • C. retifera Santschi, 1926
  • C. rifelna Buren, 1968
  • C. rivai Emery, 1897
  • C. rogenhoferi Mayr, 1879
  • C. rogeri Emery, 1922
  • C. rossi Buren, 1968
  • C. rothneyi Mayr, 1879
  • C. rudis Emery, 1894
  • C. rufa (Jerdon, 1851)
  • C. rufigena Arnold, 1958
  • C. rufotestacea Mayr, 1876
  • C. rugosa Andre, 1895
  • C. rugosior Santschi, 1910
  • C. ruspolii Forel, 1892
  • C. russoi Menozzi, 1930
  • C. rustica Santschi, 1935
  • C. sagei Forel, 1902
  • C. sanguinea Roger, 1863
  • C. santschii Forel, 1913
  • C. saussurei Forel, 1899
  • C. scapamaris Santschi, 1922
  • C. scelerata Santschi, 1917
  • C. schencki Forel, 1891
  • C. schimmeri Forel, 1912
  • C. schmidti (Mayr, 1853)
  • C. schultzei Forel, 1910
  • C. scita Forel, 1902
  • C. sculpturata Pergande, 1896
  • C. scutellaris (Olivier, 1792)
  • C. semperi Emery, 1893
  • C. senegalensis Roger, 1863
  • C. sewellii Forel, 1891
  • C. similis Stitz, 1911
  • C. simoni Emery, 1893
  • C. skounensis Soulie, 1961
  • C. solenopsides Emery, 1899
  • C. solers Forel, 1910
  • C. sordidula (Nylander, 1849)
  • C. sorokini Ruzsky, 1905
  • C. soror Forel, 1902
  • C. spengeli Forel, 1912
  • C. stadelmanni Mayr, 1895
  • C. steinheili Forel, 1881
  • C. stenocephala Emery, 1922
  • C. stethogompha Wheeler, 1919
  • C. stigmata Santschi, 1914
  • C. stollii Forel, 1885
  • C. striatula Emery, 1892
  • C. subcircularis Mayr, 1879
  • C. subdentata Mayr, 1877
  • C. subnuda Mayr, 1879
  • C. sumichrasti Mayr, 1870
  • C. tanakai Hosoishi, S. & Ogata, K., 2009[4]
  • C. tarsata Smith, 1865
  • C. terminalis (Shuckard, 1838)
  • C. tetracantha Emery, 1887
  • C. theta Forel, 1911
  • C. togoensis Donisthorpe, 1945
  • C. torosa Mayr, 1870
  • C. transiens Forel, 1913
  • C. transvaalensis Forel, 1894
  • C. trautweini Viehmeyer, 1914
  • C. travancorensis Forel, 1902
  • C. treubi Emery, 1896
  • C. tumidula Emery, 1900
  • C. udo Forel, 1905
  • C. unciata Santschi, 1925
  • C. ustiventris Menozzi, 1935
  • C. vandeli Soulie, 1961
  • C. vandermeermohri Menozzi, 1930
  • C. vermiculata Emery, 1895
  • C. victima Smith, 1858
  • C. vidua Santschi, 1928
  • C. vitalisi Menozzi, 1925
  • C. voeltzkowi Forel, 1907
  • C. vulcania Santschi, 1913
  • C. walshi Forel, 1902
  • C. warburgi Menozzi, 1933
  • C. wasmanni Santschi, 1910
  • C. weberi Emery, 1911
  • C. wellmani Forel, 1909
  • C. werneri Mayr, 1907
  • C. wheeleri Mann, 1919
  • C. whitei Wheeler, 1915
  • C. wilwerthi Santschi, 1910
  • C. wroughtonii Forel, 1902
  • C. xerophila Wheeler, 1915
  • C. yappi Forel, 1901
  • C. yamanei Hosoishi, S. & Ogata, K., 2009[4]
  • C. zavattarii Menozzi, 1926
  • C. zonacaciae Weber, 1943

References

  1. ^ a b "Crematogaster". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=574052. 
  2. ^ Alex Wild (2007-07-21). "Crematogaster". http://www.myrmecos.net/myrmicinae/crematogaster.html. 
  3. ^ Acrobat Ant, Iowa State Univ., Dept. of Entomology
  4. ^ a b Hosoishi, S. & Ogata, K., 2009, A taxonomic revision of the Asian endemic subgenus Physocrema of the genus Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa (2062), pp. 15-36: 29-30

External links


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  • Crematogaster scutellaris — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Crematogaster scutellaris Nido de Crematogaster scutellaris …   Wikipedia Español

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