- Felix St. Vrain
Felix St. Vrain (
March 23, 1799– May 24, 1832) was a United States Indian agentwho was killed during the Black Hawk War. St. Vrain died along with three companions while on a mission to deliver dispatches from Dixon's Ferry, Illinois to Fort Armstrong. The incident has become known as the St. Vrain massacre.
Felix St. Vrain was born in
St. Louis, Missouri, a son of Jacques DeHault Delassus de St. Vrain. He married Marie Pauline Gregoire in 1822, and eight years later settled in Kaskaskia, Illinois.
St. Vrain started working for the
United States governmentas an Indian Agent in 1830. He was assigned to the Saukand Fox nations around Rock Island during William Clark's tenure as superintendent of the St. Louis Indian Agency. St. Vrain was generally well received by the tribes in the area and was made an adopted brother by the Little Bear. When the Black Hawk Warbegan, St. Vrain was stationed at Fort Armstrong.
While on a mission to deliver dispatches from
Dixon's Ferry(now Dixon) to Galena, under the command of General Henry Atkinson, St. Vrain was brutally murdered along with three other members of his party on May 24, 1832. They were most likely attacked by a band of pro-Sauk Ho-Chunkwarriors, though sources disagree over the attacker's tribe.Stevens, Frank E. "The Black Hawk War", Frank E. Stevens 1903, pp. 169-171. Available online at [http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/search3t?author=&title=&keywords=Black+Hawk+War&type=text&genre=&date=&period=Lincoln&word=&submit=SEARCH&CONJUNCT=PHRASE&DISTANCE=3&PROXY=or+fewer&OUTPUT=conc&dbname=lincoln Northern Illinois University Libraries Digitization Project] .] " [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/diary/002832.asp The Killing of Felix St. Vrain] ," Historic Diaries: Black Hawk War, "Wisconsin Historical Society". Retrieved 28 July 2007.]
St. Vrain and the other victims were buried by a detachment of soldiers under Colonel
Henry Dodge. One account of the massacre, from Gen. George W. Jones(St. Vrain's brother-in-law as well as the man who identified the body), claimed the attackers scalpedall of the dead men, and cut off the hands, head and feet of St. Vrain. They then removed his heart, which they ate. The victims' graves are located in Kellogg's Grove.Dameier, Evelyn. " [http://gis.hpa.state.il.us/hargis/PDFs/200106.pdf Kellogg's Grove] ," ( 18 January 1978, HAARGIS [Database, "Illinois Historic Preservation Agency". Retrieved 26 July 2007.] On January 6, 1834the U.S. Congress passed a bill which provided relief for St. Vrain's family." [http://www.mohistory.org/content/LibraryAndResearch/DownloadFiles/DelassusCollection.pdf Delassus-St. Vrain Family Collection] ", ( 28 July 2007.]
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