- Oxted Line
The Oxted Lines, shown with other railway lines in South London, Surrey, Kent and East Sussex.
Overview Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail System National Rail Status Operational Locale Greater London
South East England
Operation Opened 1884 Owner Network Rail Operator(s) Southern Technical Track gauge Standard gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Oxted LineLegend Brighton Main Line South Croydon Woodside and South Croydon Railway Brighton Main Line Selsdon(closed 1983) Sanderstead Riddlesdown Riddlesdown Tunnel (837 yards (765 m)) Riddlesdown Viaduct Upper Warlingham Woldingham Viaduct Woldingham Oxted Tunnel (2,266 yards (2,072 m)) M25 Oxted Oxted Viaduct Limpsfield Tunnel (565 yards (517 m)) Hurst Green Hurst Green Halt(closed 1961) Hurst Green Jn Monks Lane Halt (1907–1939) Crowhurst Spur Edenbridge Tunnel (Closed 1970's) (319 yards (292 m)) to Redhill to Tonbridge Edenbridge Town Hever Lingfield Mark Beech Tunnel (1,341 yards (1,226 m)) Cowden Dormans Ashurst East Grinstead High Level Ashurst Junction East Grinstead Low Level Original station to Three Bridges National/Bluebell Railway border East Grinstead (new station under construction) (Bluebell Railway) Three Bridges to Tunbridge to Lewes Wells Central Line Groombridge Junction (Spa Valley Railway) Birchden Jn (removed) SVR on former down line Eridge National Rail and Spa Valley Railway Redgate Mill Junction Cuckoo Line towards Eastbourne Crowborough Buxted second Uckfield station original Uckfield Station Wealden Line
The Oxted Line is a railway line in southern England. It was originally operated jointly by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway and the South Eastern Railway. It is now part of the Southern franchise.
Both branches formerly continued further:
- from East Grinstead trains continued to Haywards Heath, Lewes or Tunbridge Wells. Part of the route south of East Grinstead is preserved as the Bluebell Line.
- Ashurst and Eridge on the Uckfield line were junctions for Tunbridge Wells (see the Spa Valley Railway below), and Eridge also for Eastbourne.
- from Uckfield trains continued to Lewes and Brighton. A short stretch at Isfield (between Uckfield and Lewes) is preserved as the Lavender Line.
North of Sanderstead, at the former Selsdon railway station, there was until 1983 a connection with the former Woodside and South Croydon Joint line to Elmers End. Between Hurst Green and Lingfield there was a connection with the Redhill to Tonbridge Line.
The line between Croydon and East Grinstead was opened as the Croydon, Oxted & East Grinstead Railway (a joint venture between the LBSCR and the SER) on 10 March 1884. In part it used trackbed constructed for, but never used by, the abortive Surrey and Sussex Junction Railway in the 1860s.
The East Grinstead branch was electrified in 1987 (750v DC third rail). The Uckfield branch is not electrified, and is worked by Class 171 diesel multiple units (which replaced the Class 205 and Class 207 DEMUs previously in use on the line).
The two branches of the Oxted Line connect with different heritage railways, both of which have plans to extend their routes to allow interchange with the national network:
- Spa Valley Railway - The Spa Valley Railway has worked to extend its route from its current terminus at Groombridge to Birchden Junction, and from there to Eridge, where they have restored the disused island platform and commenced services on 25 March 2011.
- Bluebell Railway - The Bluebell Railway is currently clearing and preparing the existing trackbed to allow its route to be extended to East Grinstead, where it has built a new single platform station which will interchange with the existing National Rail station. Through running to Network Rail started in March 2010, when GBRf contracted to run occasional trains carrying 1000 tons of excavated material from the Blubell's northern extension to a disposal site at Calvert, Buckinghamshire.
A £140,000, six-month study has been approved by the council and Network Rail looking into the possibility of rebuilding the line, as part of the National Rail Network, between Uckfield and Lewes. This was set up by the Wealden Line Campaign Group. On 23 July 2008 the Central Rail Corridor Board (a joint group of local councils and stakeholders) commissioned study by Network Rail reported that there was not an economic case for reopening, citing a £141 million cost and a low "Benefit To Cost ratio" of 0.64 to 0.79 when a BCR of 1.5 is the minimum needed to make a scheme viable.
The Wealden Line Campaign Group have in addition to campaigning for the reopening a line between Uckfield to Lewes line have proposed an extension north from Sanderstead to Elmers End . The proposal as a whole would have new platforms at Brighton and five miles of the East Coastway Line upgraded. Then the line would branch off the East Coastway after Falmer. A new tunnel (called Ashcombe) would be bored after crossing the A27 before crossing the Keymer Junction (Wivelsfield) to Lewes line. The line then would take back the preserved Lavender Line at Isfield. No stations would be reopened between Lewes and Uckfield and all level crossings would be closed. A new station at Uckfield south of the current one would allow 12-carriage trains. The line to Eridge would be double-tracked and electrified (with third rail with a maximum speed limit of 90 mph. New passing loops at Eridge would allow fast trains to overtake slower stopping services. The proposal also includes bringing the Eridge to Tunbridge Wells line back into National Rail with through services to Brighton from Royal Tunbridge Wells.
Instead of carrying on to the Brighton Main Line, the line would branch off at Sanderstead and reopen the former railway line, but there is a problem as Croydon Tramlink has taken over the section between Elmers End and Addiscombe. The line would then join the Hayes Line at Elmers End station and then run to London Bridge, London Charing Cross and possibly on to the Thameslink network. There is also a suggestion for some trains to run on the East London Line and branch of after Whitechapel to London Liverpool Street. The whole project could see as little as one building demolished.
The project would have trains diverted away from bottlenecks at East Croydon and Windmill Bridge junction, electric trains on the Uckfield branch instead of Class 171 diesel trains and more capacity between London and Brighton.
- Gould, David (2003). The Croydon, Oxted & East Grinstead Railway. The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-598-5.
- ^ White, Chris (Winter 2009). "Viaduct work—and tip material to be removed by rail". Bluebell News (Sussex, England: Bluebell Railway) 51 (4): 24–25.
- ^ "Railway reopening study approved" (Press release). BBC News. 2007-08-08. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/sussex/6937683.stm. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
- ^ The full report by Network Rail, at East Sussex CC - 23 July 2008
- ^ ['Could a second main line offer Brighton a brighter future?' Rail Magazine Issue 642, 21 April-4 May 2010, Page36-37]
- ^ Brighton Main Line 2 website
Railway lines in London Primary SecondaryBexleyheath Line · Brighton Main Line · Caterham Line · Chatham Main Line · Chiltern Main Line · Crossrail (under construction) · Dartford Loop Line · Hertford Loop Line · Lea Valley Lines · London to Aylesbury Line · London, Tilbury and Southend Line · North Kent Line · Oxted Line · Shepperton Branch Line · South Eastern Main Line · South Western Main Line · Sutton & Mole Valley Lines · Tattenham Corner Line · Thameslink · Watford DC Line · Waterloo to Reading Line · West Anglia Main Line LocalBromley North Line · Catford Loop Line · Chessington Branch Line · Chingford Branch Line · Dudding Hill Line · East London Line · Epsom Downs Branch · Gospel Oak to Barking Line · Greenford Branch Line · Greenwich Line · Nunhead to Lewisham Link · Hayes Line · Hounslow Loop Line · Kingston Loop Line · Mid-Kent Line · New North Main Line · North London Line · Northern City Line · Romford to Upminster Line · South London Line · West London Line Disused
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Oxted railway station — Oxted View of Oxted Station in 2004. Services shown are in both Southern and Connex South Central livery … Wikipedia
Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line — The Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line was a railway line running from Three Bridges (on the Brighton Main Line) in West Sussex to Tunbridge Wells Central in Kent via East Grinstead in East Sussex, a distance of… … Wikipedia
Cuckoo Line — Coordinates: 50°49′52″N 0°15′11″E / 50.831°N 0.253°E / 50.831; 0.253 … Wikipedia
Wealden Line — Taking its name from its route through the chalk hills of the North and South Downs of the Weald, England, the Wealden Line [http://www.wealdenlink.org.uk/ Wealden Link Website] is a partly abandoned double track railway line in East Sussex and… … Wikipedia
Westerham Valley Branch Line — The Westerham Valley Branch Line was a short railway line in Kent that connected Westerham, Brasted and Chevening with the village of Dunton Green and the South Eastern Main Line, a distance of 4.5 miles (7.2km). History Authorisation for the… … Wikipedia
Chiltern Main Line — Chiltern Railways Clubman at West Ruislip Overview Type Commuter rail, Heavy rail S … Wikipedia
Chatham Main Line — Overview Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail System National Rail Status Operational Locale Greater London Sou … Wikipedia
Tattenham Corner Line — A 1905 Railway Clearing House map of the Tattenham Corner Line and surrounding lines. Overview Type Commuter r … Wikipedia
North Kent Line — The North Kent Line, shown with other railway lines in Kent. Overview Type Commuter rail, Suburban rail System … Wikipedia
Arun Valley Line — Map of the Arun Valley Line Overview Type Heavy rail System National Rail … Wikipedia