Culham Lock

Culham Lock[1]
Culham Lock[1]
Culham lock from upstream
Waterway River Thames
County Oxfordshire
Maintained by Environment Agency
Operation Hydraulic
First built 1809
Length 130’ 10” (38.87m)
Width 17’ 6” (5.33m)
Fall 7’ 11” (2.41m)
Above sea level 161'
Distance to
Teddington Lock
82 miles
[v · d · e]Culham Lock
Legend
Urban straight track
River Thames
Unknown BSicon "uWEIRr" Unused transverse waterway Unused waterway turning from right
weir
Unknown BSicon "uWEIRr" Unused transverse waterway Unknown BSicon "uexABZlg"
weir
Unused waterway turning from left Waterway with unused branch to right Unused straight waterway
Unknown BSicon "uxWEIRg" Unknown BSicon "uFGATEu" Unused straight waterway
Abingdon Lock & weir
Unused waterway turning left Unknown BSicon "ueABZlg"
Unused straight waterway + Unknown BSicon "POINTERl"
Swift Ditch
Urban junction to left Urban track turning from right Unused straight waterway
Unknown BSicon "uAKRZu" Unknown BSicon "uAKRZu" Unused straight waterway
A415 Bridge St, Abingdon
Urban junction from left Waterway turning to right Unused straight waterway
Unused transverse waterway Unknown BSicon "ueABZlg" Unused straight waterway
River Ock
Unknown BSicon "ugSTRq" + Unknown BSicon "uLSTRlg"
Transverse unwatered canal with floodgate left Waterway with unused unwatered canal T-junction to right Unused straight waterway
Wilts and Berks Canal
Planned waterway Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "POINTERl" Unused straight waterway
Andersey Island
Planned waterway Unknown BSicon "uddHSTRg" Waterway T-junction to right Unused straight waterway
marina
Planned waterway Urban straight track Unknown BSicon "uexAKRZu"
A415 Abingdon Road
Planned waterway Unknown BSicon "ueABZrg" Unused transverse waterway Unused waterway turning right
Planned waterway + Unknown BSicon "POINTERl"
Urban straight track
Proposed Wilts and Berks link
Unknown BSicon "uLSTRlf"
Unknown BSicon "uLSTRq" + Unknown BSicon "uKHSTl"
Unknown BSicon "uJUNC" Urban track turning from right
New Wilts and Berks Junction
Unused waterway turning from left Unused waterway turning right Urban straight track
Unused waterwai with side weir to left Unused waterway turning from right Urban straight track
weir
Unknown BSicon "uxWEIRg" Urban station on track Urban straight track
Sutton Pools
Unused waterway turning left Unknown BSicon "ueABZlg" Unknown BSicon "uFGATEu"
Culham Lock
Waterway under track or footbridge Waterway under track or footbridge
Abingdon Road bridges
Waterway turning to left Unknown BSicon "uABZlg"
Urban straight track
River Thames

Culham Lock is a lock on the River Thames in England close to Culham, Oxfordshire. It is on a lock cut to the north of the main stream, which approaches the large village of Sutton Courtenay. The lock was built of stone by the Thames Navigation Commission in 1809.

The associated weirs are on the old course of the river under the massive causeway which separates the millstream from picturesque Sutton Pools. The causeway is very old and was thought to have been built by Saxon labour

Contents

History

The river originally passed close to Sutton Courtenay and under a large mill there. In 1667 occurs the first reference to a pound lock underneath this mill. This had a set of gates beneath the mill floor and included a wide pool at the back of the mill. Consequently it required a very large volume of water to fill it and so incurred a heavy toll. There were complaints to the Thames Navigation Commission in 1772 that the floor of the mill was a great obstruction to navigation. Although it was privately owned, the Commission undertook some improvements in 1789, but complaints persisted on the grounds of inconvenience and high tolls. Finally the Commission's surveyor recommended the new lock with its long cut, and this was completed in 1809. A lock cut bridge was built at the same time.[2]

Access to the lock

The lock can be reached from the road at Sutton Bridge, Oxfordshire or on foot across the fields from Sutton Courtenay.

Reach above the lock

The river follows the cut and turns sharply to the right when it rejoins the main course. A new junction for the Wilts & Berks Canal has been constructed almost opposite the top end of Culham Cut as part of a restoration project. The junction was opened on 30 August 2006, and initially runs for about 150 yd (137m) to a winding hole, but will eventually link to the historic route of the canal to the west of Abingdon.[3]

Abingdon riverside from the other side of the river

About halfway along the river on the eastern bank the Swift Ditch rejoins the main stream. This backwater was formerly the main course of the river and is crossed by a footbridge and the ancient Culham Bridge. The Swift Ditch creates Andersey Island, one of the largest islands on the Thames. On the Thames side there is an attractive piece of parkland before Abingdon Bridge. On the opposite side here is the town of Abingdon. After the bricked-up former entrance to the Wilts & Berks Canal there is an iron bridge over the mouth of the River Ock and then the town quayside. The river is crossed by Abingdon Bridge which is divided into two (the part across the main navigation being Burford Bridge) by Nag's Head Island. Beyond this on the Abingdon side is parkland associated with Abingdon Abbey.

There is a rowing club on the reach which is the site of the Abingdon Head race.

The Thames Path follows the eastern bank over Culham Bridge and Andersey Island to Abingdon Lock, where it crosses over to the other side.

See also

References

  1. ^ Statistics from - Environment Agency A User's Guide to the River Thames:Part II
  2. ^ Fred. S. Thacker The Thames Highway: Volume II Locks and Weirs 1920 - republished 1968 David & Charles
  3. ^ Grand Opening of Jubilee Junction

External links

Next lock upstream River Thames Next lock downstream
Abingdon Lock
2.58 miles
Culham Lock
Grid reference: SU507948
Clifton Lock
3.81 miles

Coordinates: 51°39′01″N 1°16′03″W / 51.6504°N 1.2676°W / 51.6504; -1.2676


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