List of United Kingdom disasters by death toll


List of United Kingdom disasters by death toll

List of United Kingdom disasters by death toll is a list of major disasters (excluding acts of war) which occurred in the United Kingdom (including territory that later became the Republic of Ireland) or involved UK citizens, in a definable incident or accident, e.g. a shipwreck, where the loss of life was 40 or more.

1,000 or more fatalities

* 750,000 to 1,000,000 – Irish Potato Famine (1845-1849) " [estimate] "
* 900,000 – Black Death pandemic, 1347 – 1350 " [estimate] "
* 225,000 – Spanish flu pandemic, September – November 1918 " [estimate] "
* 100,000 – Great Irish Famine (1740–1741) " [estimate awaiting confirmation] "
* 65,000 – 1816 in Ireland The Year Without a Summer - Famine and typhoid fever in Ireland [ Bill Bryson; "A Short History...";p 372; ISBN 0385 408188] and food riots in England and France
* 60,000 – Great Plague of London, 1665 epidemic " [estimate] "
* 20,000 – Laki volcano fissure eruption, Iceland, sulphur haze and volcanic winter deaths, June 1783 to February 1784 " [England mortality estimate] "
* 12,000 – Great Smog of 1952, London " [estimate] "
* 8,000 – Great Storm of 1703, English Channel, (26 November, 1703) " [estimate] "
* 5,000+ – Great Famine of 1315–1317 " [conjectured British Isles deaths] " medieval famine
* 4,000+ – Blockade of Porto Bello (1726-1727), due to yellow fever
* 3,500+ – 1782 Atlantic hurricane seasons - Fleet of Admiral Graves scattered off Newfoundland. Loss of HMS "Ramillies", HMS "Centaur", storeships "Dutton" and "British Queen", captured French prize ships "Ville de Paris", "Glorieux", "Hector" and "Caton", plus other merchantmen from a convoy of 94 ships. 1(16 September – 17 September 1782)
* 3,000 – Early fires of London, July 1212 " [Source for fatalities is Guinness Book of Records, but historical evidence unclear] "
* 2,139 – European heat wave of 2003, (4 August–13 August 2003) " [estimate: the difference between the number of deaths in that period and the average number in other years] "
* 2,000 – Bristol Channel floods, (storm surge/tsunami), (30 January 1607) (New style) " [estimate] "
* 2,000 – Sweating sickness ("sudor anglicus"), 1485 and later years " [estimate] "
* 2,000 – Darien scheme, an unsuccessful attempt to establish a Scottish colony in present-day Panama in the 1690s.
* 1,900+ – Christmas Eve storm of 1811, North Sea – wrecks of HMS "St George" (739 fatalities, 11 or 12 survived), HMS "Defence" (5 survived out of c.600) and HMS "Fancy", off Thorsminde, Jutland; HMS "Hero" (all 600 lost), and HMS "Archimedes", off Texel. (24 December 1811)
* 1,550+ – HMS "Association", HMS "Eagle", HMS "Romney" and HMS "Firebrand" (Admiral Cloudesley Shovell squadron shipwrecks), Isles of Scilly, (22 October 1707)
* 1,490 – RMS "Titanic" sinking, 1912 (1,517 fatalities per U.S. investigation; 1,490 per British investigation)
* 1,200 – HMS "Sussex" treasure fleet shipwrecks (13 ships), off Gibraltar, (1 March 1694) (New style)
* 1,012 – RMS "Empress of Ireland" sinking after collision May 1914. Canadian owned but registered in London, UK and the ship's crew were almost entirely from Merseyside.
* 1,000 – 1860–1869 Atlantic hurricane seasons, RMS Rhone, RMS Wye and up to 50 other vessels driven ashore and wrecked on (29 October 1867) at St. Thomas, Barbados. [Marshall, Logan, "Sinking of the Titanic and Great Disasters of the Sea" 1912.]
* 1,000 – Great Hurricane of 1780, Caribbean Sea, Bermuda and North America - Royal Navy ships lost included HMS "Cornwall", HMS "Vengeance", HMS "Experiment", HMS "Ontario", (10 October 1780) onwards. " [estimate - further research needed] "

500-999 fatalities

* 900 + – Storm of (3 September 1691), wrecks of HMS "Coronation" and HMS "Harwich", Plymouth Sound
* ~900 – HMS "Victory" wrecked on the Casquets in the Channel Islands, (3 October 1744)
* 890 + – The Walker Expedition to Quebec (22 August 1711), wrecks of seven transports and one storeship, Saint Lawrence River
* 843 – HMS "Vanguard" magazine explosion, Scapa Flow, (9 July 1917)
* 800 – HMS "Royal George" capsize, Spithead, (29 August 1782)
* 748 – Royal Charter Storm – wreck of ""Royal Charter"", Lligwy Bay, Anglesey (455 fatalities) and others, (27 October 1859)
* 738 – HMS "Bulwark", magazine explosion, Sheerness, (26 November 1914)
* 699 – HMS "Royal Katherine" (Formerly HMS "Ramillies") ran aground off Bolt Head, Devon, (15 February 1760)
* 690 – HMS "Queen Charlotte" fire, off Livorno, (17 March 1800)
* 646 – SS "Mendi" (Elder Dempster Line), troopship rammed by SS "Darro", off Isle of Wight, (21 February 1917)
* ~640 – SS|Princess Alice|1865|2 and "Bywell Castle" collision, River Thames, Woolwich, (3 September 1878)
* 635 – SS "Norge" shipwreck, Rockall, (28 June 1904)
* 612 – Tramore Bay storm, shipwrecks of "Seahorse" (c350 fatalities), "Lord Melville" (12) and "Boadicea" (c250), County Cork, (30 January 1816) " [ref: Grocott] "
* 563 – SS "Utopia" disaster, collision with HMS "Anson", off Gibraltar, (17 March 1891) (mostly Italian passengers) [ [http://www.clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=16858 clydside.co.uk - Shipping times] ]
* 546 – RMS "Atlantic" sinking, Nova Scotia, (1 April 1873)
* 531 – North Sea flood of 1953 and storm, (31 January – 1 February 1953) (307 land fatalities, 224 sea fatalities including ferry MV "Princess Victoria") " [UK victims only] "
* 520 – HMS "Namur" wrecked in a storm near Fort St David (14 April 1749).
* 500+ – 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak, London, cholera epidemic, 1854
* 500 – HMS "Minotaur" wrecked on Haak Bank off Texel, (22 December 1810) (painted by JMW Turner)
* 500 – "Black Monday" of English settlers by Irish clans, Dublin, Easter Monday, 1209

300–499 fatalities

* 491 – HMS "York" struck the Bell Rock in January 1804 and sank with the loss of her entire crew.
* 481 – HMS "Captain" shipwreck, off Cape Finisterre, Spain, (6 September 1870)
* 480 – SS "City of Glasgow" (Inman Line) disappeared after leaving Liverpool for Philadelphia some time after (1 March 1854)
* 473 – "Cospatrick" a Blackwall Frigate of the Shaw Savill line an emigrant ship fire, South Atlantic (out of Gravesend), (18 November 1874)
*470 – "Courageux" renamed HMS "Courageux" shipwreck, swept from Gibraltar in a storm, wrecked at Apes' Hill, Barbary Coast (now Monte Hacho, Ceuta, Africa), (18 December 1796) [Grocott, p41.]
*454 – "Vryheid" (ex-"Melville Castle"). Wrecked in gale on the Kent coast between Hythe and Dymchurch out of Rotterdam for Batavia, (23 November 1802). Only 18 of 472 survived.
* 450 – HMS "Birkenhead" shipwreck, near Cape Town, (25 February 1852)
* 439 – Universal Colliery, Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Glamorgan, Gas explosion (14 October 1913), Britains worst mining accident
* 431 – HMS "Otranto" shipwreck, Islay, (6 October 1918) taking 351 US troops and 80 crew
* 421 – HMS "Natal", magazine explosion, Cromarty, Scotland, (30 December 1915) (421 is the highest estimate, precise figure is disputed).
* 406 – "Cataraqui", emigrant ship out of Liverpool, wrecked off King Island, Tasmania, (4 August 1845)
* 400+ – "Rochdale" and "Prince of Wales" troops leaving Dublin for Napoleonic Wars, (19 November 1807)
* 400+ – HMS "Invincible" sinks off Norfolk, (16 March 1801) missing the Battle of Copenhagen (1801)
* 400 – HMS "Winchester" shipwreck, on a reef off Key Largo, Florida, (1 September 1695)
* 400 – "Pomona" clipper shipwreck, Blackwater Band, Wexford, Ireland (30 April 1859)
* 389 – "SS Arctic" collided with "Vesta" off Cape Race, out of Liverpool, (20 September 1854) (sistership of "Pacific")
* 388 – The Oaks explosion colliery disaster, Barnsley, Yorkshire (12 December 1866)
* 384 – "Annie Jane", emigrant ship out of Liverpool, wrecked Vatersay, (28 September 1853)
* 380 – "Mary Rose" Sank in Portsmouth, (18 July 1545)
* 379 – HMS "Dasher" (D37), accidental fuel explosion, Firth of Clyde, (27 March 1943)
* 377 – HMS "Princess Irene" minelayer explosion, River Medway, Sheerness, (27 May 1915)
* 374 – "Driver" clipper ship, disappeared Atlantic Ocean out of Liverpool, February 1856
* 372 – "Arniston", wrecked at Waenhuiskrans, South Africa, (30 May 1815)
* 360+ –Chartered East Indiaman "Elizabeth" wrecked off Dunkirk, (18 December 1810).
* 358 – HMS "Victoria" rammed by HMS "Camperdown", Mediterranean Sea, (22 June 1893)
* 347 – HMS "Athenienne", wrecked off Tunisia, (20 October 1806), 100 survivors crammed into the ships launch (boat)
* 344 – Pretoria Pit Disaster, Westhoughton, Lancashire, (21 December 1910)
* 340 – troopship "Aeneas" wrecked on the Îles aux Mortes on the Canadian coastline whilst carrying troops to Quebec, (23 October 1805).
* 338 – HMS "Curacoa" a British light cruiser run down and split in two by RMS "Queen Mary", (2 October 1942)
* 335 – SS "Schiller" shipwreck of a German ocean liner, Isles of Scilly, (7 May 1875)
* 317 – HMS "Eurydice" shipwreck, Isle of Wight, (22 March 1878) (commemorated by Gerard Manley Hopkins in "The Loss of the Eurydice") (317 named fatalities [ [http://www.memorials.inportsmouth.co.uk/churches/st_anns/eurydice.htm Memorials & Monumentsin St Ann's Church - HMS Eurydice -] ] )
* 300 – Wreck of the "White Ship", off Barfleur, Normandy (25 November 1120) taking the only legitimate son of King Henry I of England and other nobles " [estimate] "
* 300 – "Sibylle", emigrant ship wrecked St. Paul Island, Nova Scotia, out of Cromarty, (11 September 1834)
*300+ – HMS "Amphion" powder magazine explosion, Plymouth, (22 September 1796)
*300 – HMS "London", accidental explosion, Thames Estuary, 1665

200-299 fatalities

* 299 – "Kapunda", Emigrant ship out of London, collided with barque "Ada Melmore" off Brazil, (20 January 1887)
* 297 – RMS "Tayleur" shipwreck due to iron hull affecting the compass on Lambay Island Dublin Bay, (21 January) 1854 on her maiden voyage. ("the first "Titanic"")
* 293 – "Northfleet" shipwreck, rammed by a Spanish steamboat at night while anchored off Dungeness, (22 January 1873) sinking within 30 minutes
*290 – HMS "Sceptre", Royal Navy Third-rate wrecked during a storm in Table Bay, near Cape of Good Hope, (5 December 1799)
* 285 – Gordon Riots, London, (2 June–13 June 1780) British Protestant rioters shot by British troops
* 281 – Albion Colliery, Cilfynydd, Glamorgan, South Wales, Firedamp explosion (25 June 1894)
* 281 – HMS "Atalanta", Royal Navy frigate disappeared at sea out of Bermuda sailing home for Falmouth, Cornwall, after (31 January 1880) (sister ship of HMS "Eurydice")
* 276 – VOC "Hollandia" shipwreck, Annet, (13 June 1743)
* 270 – Great Sheffield Flood, collapse of Dale Dike Reservoir, Sheffield during first filling, 1864
* 270 – Pan Am Flight 103, Lockerbie, 1988 terrorist bomb in the forward hold at 31,000 ft " [total of all victims] "
* 268 – Abercarn Coal mining disaster, Abercarn, Ebbw vale,Monmouthshire (11 September 1878)
* 266 – Gresford Disaster, Colliery mining accident, Wrexham, North Wales (22 September 1934)
* 260 – "Earl of Abergavenny" shipwreck, off Portland Bill, (5 February 1805) captained by William Wordsworth's brother
* 253 – HMS "Saldanha" Royal Navy frigate shipwrecked with all hands in a gale, Lough Swilly, Donegal, Ireland, (4 December 1811)
* 250 – RMS "Royal Adelaide", out of Cork, shipwrecked on a Sandbank with all hands off Margate, 1849.
* 250+ – Night of the Big Wind, natural disaster, Ireland, (6 January-7 January 1839) " [estimate] "
*247 - "Doddington" carrying gold bullion shipwrecked in Algoa Bay, South Africa, 1755. 23 crew castaway survived on birds eggs before making their way to India on a home-made sloop.
*246 - HMS "Avenger" wrecked off Galite Islands, Tunisia, (20 December 1847)
* 240 – HMS "Lutine" shipwreck carrying gold bullion, Vlieland, (9 October 1799
* 238 – HMS "Tribune", Royal Navy Fifth-rate wrecked without a Maritime pilot before a storm close to shore, Halifax, Nova Scotia, (16 November 1797)
* 237 – SS "Anglo Saxon" shipwreck in dense fog hit rocks and broke up, Cape Race, Newfoundland (out of Liverpool and Derry), (27 April 1863)
* 224 – "Neva", convict ship out of Cork, wrecked on reefs off King Island, Tasmania, (13 May 1835), some convicts raided the rum cargo making themselves incapable of swimming ashore
* 227 – Quintinshill rail crash triple collision due to a negligent signalman, Dumfries and Galloway, (22 May 1915)
* 220 – SS "London", sank in a gale, Bay of Biscay, (11 January 1866) [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~nzbound/london.htm]
* 220 – Great Blizzard of 1891, (9 March – 13 March 1891)
* 215 – "Lady of the Lake", struck iceberg, North Atlantic, (11 May 1833)
* 212 – "Sovereign", wrecked St. Paul Island (Nova Scotia), out of Portsmouth, (18 October 1814) [ref: Grocott]
* 210 – British steamship "Rinaldo" collision with French steamship "Byzantin" on (18 December 1878) in the Dardanelles [Marshall, Logan, Sinking of the Titanic and Great Disasters of the Sea 1912.]
* 208 – "Harpooner" military transport ship, shipwrecked Newfoundland, November 1818
* 207 – Blantyre mining disaster, Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, gas explosion, (22 October 1877)
* 205 – "Iolaire" an Admiralty yacht bringing returning World War I soldiers back to Scotland sinking on New Year's Day, Stornoway, Outer Hebrides, (1 January 1919)
* 205 – SS "Hungarian", Allan Line Royal Mail Steamers out of Liverpool and Queenstown, wrecked Cape Sable Island (Nova Scotia), (20 February 1860) [ [http://museum.gov.ns.ca/mma/wrecks/wrecks/shipwrecks.asp?ID=2197 On the Rocks: Shipwrecks of Nova Scotia - Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, Nova Scotia ] ]
* 204 – Hartley Colliery Disaster, steam engine metal fatigue Northumberland, England (16 January 1862)

100-199 fatalities

* 196 – SS "Cambria" Anchor Line (steamship company) shipwreck, Inishtrahull, (19 October 1870)
* 193 – MS "Herald of Free Enterprise" disaster, Zeebrugge, (6 March 1987) unlawful killing verdict after RORO bow doors are left open causing a capsize in under one minute
* 189 – Wood Pit Colliery underground explosion, Haydock, Lancashire 1878, including one man and all his five sons
* 189 – HMS "Orpheus" Royal Navy shipwreck due to outdated Nautical charts and shortcuts off Auckland, 1863
* 189 – Eyemouth fishing fleet storm disaster, Scotland, (14 October 1881) [http://sites.scran.ac.uk/secf_final/danger/links/link3.php]
* 186 – Theatre Royal, Exeter Theatre fire disaster from Victorian era gas lights, (5 September 1887)
* 183 – Victoria Hall disaster, Sunderland, (16 June 1883) stampede after a childrens Variety show to get prizes and gifts results in compressive asphyxia and trampling
* 178 – Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Colliery mining disaster,Rhondda Valley, South Wales, (8 November 1867)
* 178 – "Ocean Monarch" fire and shipwreck, off Great Orme, Llandudno (24 August 1848) caused by steerage passengers smoking materials
* 178 – Clifton Hall Colliery firedamp gas explosion, Salford on (18 June 1885)
* 177 – SS "City of Boston" Inman Line disappeared Atlantic Ocean out of New York City and Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool, possibly struck an iceberg after (28 January 1870)
* 176 – Llanerch, Cwmnantddu Colliery gas explosion in a mine refused safety lamps by its MD two months earlier, Pontypool, Monmouthshire, (6 February 1890)
* 173 – Bethnal Green tube station panic, crowd stampede caused by British anti-aircraft battery salvo, (3 March 1943)
* 172 – HMS "Serpent" Royal Navy torpedo cruiser launched in 1887 shipwrecked off Camariñas, Galicia, (9 November 1890)
* 168 – Burns Pit Disaster, Stanley, County Durham, (16 February 1909)
* 167 – Piper Alpha oil platform gas leak, explosion and fire 30m above cold seas North Sea, (6 July 1988)
* 164 – Seaham Colliery mining accident, Durham, (8 September 1880)
* 159 – Ferndale Colliery, Rhondda Valley, Glamorgan explosions caused by gas and miners tampering with safety lamps (8 November 1867)
* 157 – "Deutschland" shipwrecked during a blizzard, on Kentish Knock sandbank, Thames Estuary, (6 December 1875), tugboat rescue delayed until the next day, most died of hypothermia
* 155 – Minnie Pit mining disaster, Podmore Hall, Halmer End, Staffordshire, (12 January 1918)
* 150 – Clifford's Tower fire massacre of medieval Jews by a mob, York, 1190 " [Estimate] "
* 146 – Risca Blackvein Disaster Coal mining disaster, Risca, Monmouthshire, (1 December 1860) caused by a gas explosion
* 146 – Dan-Air Boeing 727 G-BDAN, from Manchester Airport, to Tenerife North Airport, Canary Islands, (25 April 1980). Whilst in a holding pattern the plane flew into a mountain after turning the wrong way
* 145 – Aberfan Coal waste spoil tip collapsed onto a Junior school, Glamorganshire, (21 October 1966)
* 140 – RMS "Amazon" steam engine fire on a wooden mail paddle steamer, 60 miles west of Isles of Scilly, (4 January 1852)
* 141 – SS "Berlin" shipwreck, Hook of Holland, (21 February 1907) (Great Eastern Railway steamship out of Harwich)
* 140 – 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake tsunami, (26 December 2004) " [UK victims only] " see Countries affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
* 139 – "George III", convict ship shipwrecked] in D'Entrecasteaux Channel, Tasmania, (12 April 1835)
* 136 – Wellington Colliery coal mining disaster, Whitehaven, Cumbria (11 May 1910)
* 135 – "Alexander" shipwrecked near Portland (27 March 1815) within sight of shore from Bombay, the ship was caught in a gale and ran aground at night
* 134 – Chilwell munitions explosion, Nottinghamshire, (1 July 1918) Eight tons of TNT exploded
* 133 – "Amphitrite", convict ship from Woolwich to Australia shipwrecked Boulogne, (31 August 1833)
* 133 – MV "Princess Victoria" early roll-on/roll-off ferry disaster, North Channel, (31 January 1953) during a storm
* 131 – typhoid fever epidemic, Lincoln, November 1904 to April 1905
* 130 – "Rothsay Castle" paddle steamer from Liverpool shipwrecked in the Menai Straits (18 August 1831) under the command of a drunk captain
* 129 – John Franklins Northwest Passage expedition, HMS "Erebus" and HMS "Terror" caught in pack ice the crews endured botulism, lead poisoning and cannibalism before starvation, 1845-1848
* 128 – HMS "Gladiator" shipwreck in a snowstorm collision with an American steamship, Isle of Wight, (25 April 1908)
* 125 – Brig HMS "Primrose" shipwrecked on The Manacles, Cornwall, (22 January 1809)
* 125 – SS "Hilda" shipwreck in snow squalls off Saint-Malo, London and South Western Railway steamship, (18 November 1905)
* 124 – SS "Daphne" capsized during her Ship naming and launching, River Clyde, Glasgow, (3 July 1883)
* 123 – "Ocean Queen" clipper, disappeared Atlantic Ocean out of London, February 1856
* 121 – "Dunbar", clipper out of Plymouth, wrecked Sydney Cove, Australia, (20 August 1857)
* 120 – New Risca pit explosion, Coal mining disaster, Risca, Monmouthshire, (5 July 1880)
* 120 – Dover Straits earthquake of 1580, an earthquake causing freak waves, possible tsunami and flooding in France, Flanders and England (6 April 1580) " [estimate] "
* 119 – National Colliery coal mine explosion, Wattstown, Rhondda Valley, Glamorganshire, (11 July 1905)
* 118 – Staines air disaster, BEA Flight 548, possible heart attack in the Pilot after takeoff (18 July 1972)
* 114 – Cymmer, Porth, Rhondda Colliery gas explosion, Rhondda Valley, South Wales (13 July 1856)
* 112 – SS "Stella" shipwreck on a granite reef in fog at full speed, sinking in 8 minutes London and South Western Railway steamship, the Casquets, Channel Islands, (30 March 1899)
* 112 – Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash, three trains collided in patchy fog in morning rush hour (12 October 1952)
* 112 – Dan-Air aircrash of a De Havilland Comet G-APDN from Manchester Airport to Barcelona crashing into a mountain in Catalonia, Spain (3 July 1970)
* 110 – Park Slip colliery gas explosion due to a damaged Davy lamp, Tondu, Glamorgan (26 August 1892)
* 109 – Faversham Gunpowder mill explosion (2 April 1916)
* 108 – Invicta International Airlines aircrash of Vickers Vanguard flight 435 G-AXOP, from BRS to Basle Switzerland, crashed into a forested, snowy hillside (10 April 1973)
* 106 – SS "Avalanche" Shaw Savill Line collided with "Forest Queen", both sank off Isle of Portland, English Channel, out of London for Wellington, New Zealand, (11 September 1877)
* 106 – SS "Mohegan" shipwreck, The Manacles, Cornwall, (14 October 1898)
* 104 – Coal mining disaster, William Pit, Whitehaven, Cumbria (15 August 1947) [http://www.whitehaven.arnit.net/gallery/whitehaven_william_pit.htm - Photograph of William Pit]
* 102 – Sinking of the "Pelican" in the River Mersey, (20 March 1793)
* 102 – HMS "Feversham" shipwreck, Scatterie Island, Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, (7 October 1711)
* 101 – Naval colliery, Penygraig, Rhondda Valley Coal mining disaster, South Wales, (10 December 1880)
* 100 – "Battle" of May Island, Royal Navy disaster, (31 January-1 February 1918)
* 100 – Moray Firth fishing disaster, open hulled fishing fleet storm disaster, Scotland, (19 August, 1848)
* 100 – HMS "Confiance", a 36-gun, 393 ton brig sloop was wrecked between Mizen Head and Three Castles Head. (21 September 1822)

Fewer than 100 fatalities

* 99 – HMS "Thetis" submarine disaster; flooded through torpedo tube during pre war sea trials, Liverpool Bay, (1 June 1939), salvaged but sunk by depth charges with all hands in 1943
* 98 – Britannia Airways Bristol Britannia G-ANBB from London Luton Airport, aircrash at Ljubljana, (1 September 1966)
* 97 – Naval Steam Colliery, Tonypandy, Rhondda Valley, Glamorgan Gas & suspended coal dust explosion, (10 December 1880)
* 96 – Hillsborough Stadium Disaster, Sheffield, (15 April 1989)
* 95 – Haswell Colliery Blackdamp explosion, County Durham, (28 September 1844)
* 94 – Carlingford Lough disaster, SS "Connemara" and a coalship SS "Retriever" collided and sank, Carlingford Lough, County Down, (3 November 1916)
* 93 – St Scholastica riot, Oxford, 1355, a Town and gown dispute over beer escalates over three days
* 92 – Felling mine disaster, County Durham, (25 May 1812) firedamp explosion ushered in safety lamps by George Stephenson and Humphry Davy
* 90 – Lewisham rail crash, December 1957 railway signals missed in the rush hour fog
* 88 – Armagh rail disaster, (12 June 1889) 10 runaway railway passenger cars on a Sunday School day trip
* 88 – Cadeby Coal mine disaster, Cadeby Main, Cadeby, South Yorkshire (9 July 1912)
* 88 – Air Ferry aircrash, Douglas C-54 G-APYK, from Kent International Airport, Mont Canigou, France, (3 June 1967)
* 87 – Morfa Mine, Port Talbot, Glamorgan Colliery gas explosion, (10 March 1890)
* 86 – SS "Egypt" shipwreck, off Ushant, Brittany (20 May 1922)
* 85 – "Rohilla", ran aground off Whitby, (30 October 1914) with a survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic two years earlier rescued again
* 84 – British Eagle International Airlines aircrash Bristol Britannia G-AOVO from London Heathrow Airport, Innsbruck, Austria, (29 February 1964)
* 84 – Paisley canal disaster, canal pleasure boat capsized, Paisley, Scotland, (10 November 1810)
* 83 – East Side pit, Senghenydd, Glamorgan, Colliery gas explosion, (24 May 1901), precursor to the 1913 disaster
* 81 – Maerdy, Rhondda Valley Colliery mining disaster, South Wales, (23 December 1885)
* 81 – Easington Colliery, County Durham, coal mine explosion, (29 May 1951)
* 81 – Holmfirth Flood - Bilberry Reservoir collapsed, Holme Valley, West Yorkshire, (5 February 1852)
* 80 – PS "Pacific", lost at sea out of Liverpool, after (23 January 1856) (sistership of PS "Arctic")
* 80+ – PS "Queen Victoria" wrecked below a lighthouse in a night-time snowstorm, off Howth Head, Dublin (15 February 1853)
* 80 – Llandow air disaster, Fairflight Avro Tudor G-AKBY, Sigginstone, Glamorgan, (12 March 1950) with returning Welsh rugby union supporters on board "(highest confirmed death toll of any civil aviation disaster up to that date)"
* 80 – Creswell Colliery mining accident caused by smoke inhalation Creswell, Derbyshire, (26 September 1950)
* 79 – Great Yarmouth Suspension bridge collapse above a river, killing children watching a clown, (2 May 1846)
* 79 – British Admiral wrecked "Tasmania" out of Liverpool, (23 May 1874)
* 79 – Markham Colliery disaster, underground explosion Derbyshire, 10 May 1938
* 78 – Barn fire during a puppet show with the doors nailed shut, Burwell, Cambridgeshire, (8 September 1727)
* 76 – Maypole Colliery explosion, Abram, Greater Manchester then in Wigan, Lancashire, (18 August 1908)
* 75 – Tay Rail Bridge cast iron bridge collapse with a steam train on it during an evening storm, Scotland, (28 December 1879)
* 75 – HMS "Affray" mysterious submarine disaster, English Channel, (17 April 1951)
* 74 – SS "Naronic", lost at sea, possibly due to iceberg strike off Nova Scotia, out of Liverpool, (19 February 1893) with no Wireless Telegraph to make a distress call
* 73 – Udston mining disaster, Hamilton, Scotland, (28 May 1887) firedamp explosion
* 73 – Silvertown explosion, (19 January 1917) explosion in a TNT factory in West Ham [http://www.lalamy.demon.co.uk/sivex.htm]
* 72 – Stockport Air Disaster, British Midland Airways Argonaut G-ALHG, (4 June 1967) an unrecognized flaw in the fuel system made the plane returning from Majorca uncontrollable
* 71 – Glen Cinema disaster, Paisley, Scotland, (31 December 1929). [http://www.glencinema.org.uk/ Glen Cinema Website]
*70 – Great Gale of 1871, Bridlington 100 shipwrecks (10 February 1871), incl. Royal National Lifeboat "Harbinger", plus other losses at sea, estimated total of 70 marine fatalities.
* 70 – RAF Fauld RAF munitions explosion during World War II, Staffordshire, (27 November 1944} [http://www.carolyn.topmum.net/tutbury/fauld/fauldcrater.htm]
* 69 – HMS "M1" submarine wreck— collision with Swedish surface vessel—off Plymouth, (12 November 1925)
* 67 – September 11, 2001 attacks, " [UK victims only] "
* 66 – British European Airways Comet G-ARCO bomb disaster, off Rhodes, (12 October 1967) [all nationalities] [http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19671012-0&lang=en]
* 66 – Ibrox disaster compressive asphyxia Spectator crush at Stairway (2 January 1971)
* 65 – Theatre Royal, Glasgow panic, Dunlop Street, Glasgow, (17 February 1849)
* 64 – Middle Duffryn Mine, Aberdare, Glamorgan, South Wales Colliery explosion (10 May 1852)
* 64 – Masbrough boat disaster, Rotherham, (5 July 1841) [http://www.geocities.com/rotherham1/1841.html]
* 64 – HMS "Truculent" submarine collision on the surface, Thames Estuary, (12 January 1950) survivors died of hypothermia on mid-winter mudbanks
* 63 – Great Western Mine, Rhondda Valley Colliery mining disaster, South Wales, (11 April 1893)
* 63 – British European Airways aircrash, Vickers Vanguard G-APEC flight 706, Aarsele, Belgium, (2 October 1971)
* 62 – Dinas Rhondda, Rhondda Valley, Glamorgan, Colliery gas explosion. (13 January 1879)
* 62 – PS "Comet II", sank in collision off Gourock, Scotland, (21 October 1825)
* 61 – SS "Thames" Steamship shipwrecked in a night-time storm, Isles of Scilly, (4 January 1841)
* 61 – Freckleton Air Disaster, a USAAF B-24 Liberator heavy bomber crashes into a village school in a storm, Freckleton, Lancashire, (23 August 1944) (3 aircrew, 58 ground fatalities)
* 60 – Great Western Mine, Pontypridd, Glamorgan Colliery explosion, (11 April 1893)
* 60+ – Harwich ferry disaster, a 'grossly overladen' coastal vessel capsized whilst transporting soldiers and their families, (18 April 1807)
* 60 – "Dalhousie", "Blackwall Frigate" sank off Beachy Head in October 1853
* 60 – HMS "M2" British M class submarine flooded through her Parnall Peto seaplane hangar doors, Lyme Bay, (26 January 1932)
* 57 – Tylorstown, Rhondda Valley Colliery mining disaster, South Wales, (27 January 1896)
* 57 – Sneyd Coal mine explosion, Sneyd Colliery, Staffordshire, (1 January 1942)
* 57 – HMS "K5" submarine sank in deep water, 120 miles south-west of the Isles of Scilly, (24 January 1921) in sea trials
* 56 – Bradford City disaster, (11 May 1985), Football stadium fire
* 56 – 7 July 2005 London bombings by suicide bombers
* 55 – Manchester air disaster Flight 28M, (22 August 1985} a Boeing 737-236 engine fire before takeoff on a holiday flight to Corfu
* 53 – Ferndale Colliery, Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taff, Rhondda Valley, Glamorgan, Colliery explosion, 1869
* 53 – Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead, (6 October 1854) a Victorian era firestorm
* 52 – Lletty Shenklin Mine Aberdare Colliery mining disaster, South Wales, (14 August 1849)
* 52 – Yellow fever outbreak, HMS Firebrand, West Indies, July 1861 [http://pmsa.cch.kcl.ac.uk/UEL/GR086.htm]
* 52 – "Loch Ard", clipper out of Gravesend, Kent, wrecked off Loch Ard Gorge, just off the Shipwreck Coast of Victoria, Australia in thick fog on (1 June 1878)
* 52 – HMS "Wasp" wrecked Tory Island, County Donegal, (22 September 1884)
* 52 – Marine Colliery, Cwm near Ebbw Vale, Monmouthshire, Coal mine disaster (1 March 1927)
* 51 – Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum fire, London, (27 January 1903) in an early psychiatric hospital holding up to 3,500 patients
* 51 – Summerland fire disaster, Douglas, Isle of Man, (2 August 1973) a fire in a leisure centre
* 51 – "Marchioness" disaster, River Thames, (20 August 1989) a pleasure boat rammed by a dredger under a bridge
* 50 – Ariana Afghan Airlines aircrash into a house, Boeing 727 YA-FAR, Gatwick, (5 January 1969)
* 49 – HMS "Punjabi" collision with the battleship HMS "King George V", sinking 469 miles North West of the Shetlands, (1 May 1942)
* 49 – Hither Green rail crash, London, (5 November 1967) a broken rail causing derailment of an express train
* 49 – Booth's clothing factory fire, Huddersfield , (31 October 1941)
* 47 – Gethin Mine, Merthyr Tydfil, Colliery mining disaster, South Wales, (19 February 1862)
* 47 – R101 airship crash, Beauvais, France, (5 October 1930)
* 47 – "Samtampa" wrecked off Sker Point in the Bristol Channel (death toll includes 8 Mumbles lifeboatmen), 19
* 47 – Auchengeich coal mining disaster, Auchinloch, Lanarkshire, Scotland, (18 September 1959)
* 47 – Kegworth Air Disaster, British Midland Flight 92, Leicestershire, (8 January 1989), the pilot shut down the wrong engine and just missed the M1 Motorway
* 46 – Wreck of Confederate States of America blockade runner PS "Lelia" (39 fatalities) and lifeboat crew (7 fatalities) in Liverpool Bay, (14 January 1865)
* 45 – Bentley Coal mine disaster, Bentley, South Yorkshire, (20 November 1931)
* 45 – Six Bells Colliery mining disaster, Aberbeeg, Monmouthshire, (28 June 1960)
* 45 – Sumburgh disaster (6 November 1986) a Brent oilfield CH-47 Chinook helicopter crashed at sea
* 44 – R38 (ZR-2) airship crash, River Humber, near Hull, (24 August 1921)
* 44 – MV "Derbyshire", Bibby Line bulk carrier sank (September 9 1980) during Typhoon Orchid, south of Japan (by tonnage the largest UK-flagged ship loss)
* 43 – Bourne End rail crash, near Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, (30 September 1945) driver worked for 26 consecutive days
* 43 – Aquila Airways aircrash, Solent flying boat G-AKNU, near Southampton, (15 November 1957)
* 43 – Moorgate tube crash, London Underground (28 February 1975) in the morning rush hour.
* 41 – Handley Page Hastings aircrash caused by metal fatigue, Little Baldon, Oxfordshire, (6 July 1965) - parachuting training flight from RAF Abingdon
* 40 – Regent's Park ice-skating disaster. Ice cover on the boating lake collapsed underneath skaters and 200 people plunged into the lake, 15 January 1867. ["The Catastrophe in the Regent's Park", "The Times", 22 January 1867, p.12]

ee also

* European windstorm
* List of wars and disasters by death toll (worldwide)
* List of accidents and disasters by death toll (worldwide)
* List of natural disasters in the United Kingdom
* List of British rail accidents (Chronologically sorted)
* List of United Kingdom rail accidents by death toll
* List of rail accidents (worldwide)
* List of historic fires
* List of riots
* List of terrorist incidents
* List of accidents and incidents on commercial airliners
* List of shipwrecks
* List of disasters in Australia by death toll
* List of Canadian disasters by death toll
* List of New Zealand disasters by death toll
* United Kingdom casualties of war

References

ources

*Grocott, Terence - "Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Eras" (1997)

External links

* [http://aviation-safety.net/database/index.html Aviation Safety Network database]
* [http://www.pitwork.net/disaster.htm 20th century coal mining disasters]
* [http://homepage.ntlworld.com/booty.weather/climate/wxevents.htm Historical weather events]
* [http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/Wrecks/index.htm Ships List wrecks site]
* [http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/s002.htm Durham Mining Museum site]


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