Modern equipment and uniform of the Turkish Army
Turkish Land Forces
Türk Kara Kuvvetleri
Components Turkish Army Structure List of formations 2008 Administration İlker Başbuğ Overseas Deployments Forces in Cyprus Equipment Modern equipment History History Timeline Personnel Officer rank insignia Other ranks insignia
Modern equipment and uniform of the Turkish Army
- 1 Infantry weapons
- 2 Vehicles
- 3 Aircraft
- 4 Artillery and missile systems
- 5 Anti-aircraft Weapons
- 6 Storage
- 7 Future procurements
- 8 Insignia
- 9 See also
- 10 References and notes
Name Type Caliber Origin Notes Yavuz 16 Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Parabellum Italy/ Turkey Standard service pistol. Beretta 92 produced under license by MKEK. Kılınç 2000 Semi-automatic pistol 9mm Parabellum Czech Republic/ Turkey Standard officer pistol. Turkish copy of the Czech CZ 75. Kobra Semi-automatic shotgun 12 Gauge Turkey Standard army shotgun. Baba Semi-automatic shotgun 12 Gauge Turkey Standard army shotgun. MP5 Submachine gun 9mm Parabellum Germany/ Turkey Produced under license by MKEK. MP5K also in use. HK G3A7 Battle rifle 7.62mm NATO Germany/ Turkey Standard service rifle. Produced under license by MKEK. HK 33 Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO Germany/ Turkey Secondary Service Rifle of Military. Produced under license by MKEK. HK416 Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO Germany/ Turkey Used by special forces. Produced under license by MKEK M16A4 Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO United States Used by Maroon Berets M16A2 Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO United States Used by Maroon Berets M16A1 Assault rifle 5.56mm NATO United States Used by Mountain Commandos M4A1 Carbine 5.56mm NATO United States Used by Special Forces AK-47 Assault Rifle 7.62x39mm Soviet Union Some captured rifles, bought from Iraq and Russia. Used by paramilitary such as townguards MSG-90 Semi-automatic sniper rifle 7.62mm NATO Germany/ Turkey Standard semi-automatic sniper rifle. Produced under license by MKEK. SVD Semi-automatic sniper rifle 7.62x54mmR Soviet Union Some captured rifles, bought from Iraq and Russia Accuracy International PM Sniper rifle 7.62mm NATO United Kingdom Sako TRG Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Finland KNT-308 Sniper rifle 7.62mm NATO Turkey CheyTac Intervention Sniper rifle 7.62mm NATO United States Low number. Used by Maroon berets JNG-90 Sniper rifle 7.62mm NATO Turkey Also known as Bora-12 Gepard Anti-material rifle .50 BMG Hungary Barrett M82 Anti-material rifle .50 BMG United States Used by Naval Forces McMillan Tac-50 Anti-material rifle .50 BMG United States MG3 Light machine gun 7.62mm NATO Germany/ Turkey Standard light machine gun. Produced under license by MKEK. HK23E Light machine gun 5.56mm Germany/ Turkey Produced under license by MKEK PKM General purpose machine gun 7.62mm Soviet Union Browning M2 Heavy Machine Gun 12.7x99mm United States M60 machine gun General purpose machine gun 7.62mm NATO United States Used as door guns for UH-1 helicopters And Used For Naval Forces M249 SAW General purpose machine gun 5.56 mm NATO Belgium Used by Maroon Berets. Tavor TAR-21 Assault riffle 5.56 mm NATO Israel Used by Maroon Berets.
Explosives, rockets and missile systems
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes T-40 Underbarrel grenade launcher Turkey 40mm. Service with HK33 and HK G3 M203 Underbarrel grenade launcher United States/ Turkey 40mm. Produced under license by Sarsilmaz for use with M4 and M16 rifles. AG36 Underbarrel grenade launcher Germany 40mm. For use with the HK33 and T-50. Mk 19 AGL Automatic grenade launcher United States 40mm. RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade 5,000+ Soviet Union Captured or purchased from former East German inventory. HAR-66 Anti-tank rocket 40,000+ United States/ Turkey Turkish version of the M72 LAW produced under license by MKEK MILAN Anti-tank guided missile 400+ France/ Germany ERYX Anti-tank guided missile 632 France/ Canada After Dispute between MBDA and Turkey, Turkey Sign a new agreement to buy 632 New Launchers  BGM-71A/B and C TOW I/II/A/B Anti-tank guided missile 390+ United States Kornet-E Anti-tank guided missile 80 Russia 80 launching posts purchased with an option of 72 more. 9M113M Konkurs (AT5 Spandrel) Anti-tank guided missile 70 Soviet Union FIM 92B/C Stinger Man-portable air-defense system 850+ United States/ Turkey Built under license by Roketsan FIM-43A Redeye Man-portable air-defense system 1,089 United States To be phased out. 9M39 Igla Man-portable air-defense system 40 Soviet Union
Name Type Origin Notes BK-6 Helmet Combat helmet Croatia/ Turkey Producing under license by MKEK Type III and Type IIIA Ballistic vest Personal armor Turkey Used by specialized units and commando divisions, not yet standard issue
Logistics and utility vehicles
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Otokar Defender Light Utility Vehicle 9,800+ United Kingdom/ Turkey Licensed production of the Land Rover Defender by Otokar Jeep Wrangler Light Utility Vehicle 5,700 United States Humvee Light Utility Vehicle N/A United States Otokar Engerek Special operations vehicle 550+ Turkey Special Operations variant of the Land Rover/Otokar Defender Unimog 4000-5000 Light utility truck 5,500 Germany/ Turkey Produced under license in Turkey (Mercedes-Benz Türk A.S., Aksaray Truck Factory) BMC 185-09 B 2.5 ton truck 706 Turkey 4x4 Tactical Wheeled Vehicle BMC 235-16 P 5 ton truck 282 Turkey 4x4 Tactical Wheeled Vehicle BMC 380-26 P 10 ton truck 403 Turkey 6x6 Tactical Wheeled Vehicle MAN 26.372 Heavy utility truck Germany/ Turkey 6x6 cargo truck Mercedes Axor Medium equipment truck Germany/ Turkey Produced under license in Turkey (Mercedes-Benz Türk A.S., Aksaray Truck Factory) Mercedes Actros Heavy equipment truck Germany/ Turkey Produced under license in Turkey (Mercedes-Benz Türk A.S., Aksaray Truck Factory)
Engineering and maintenance vehicles
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes M88A2 Armored recovery vehicle 33 United States M48T5 "Tamay" Armored recovery vehicle 105 United States\ Turkey M48 recovery vehicle modification produced in Turkey
Main Battle Tanks
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Leopard 2A4 Main battle tank 339 Germany Surplus German 2A4s. Purchased in 2005. Turkey's Leopard 2 A4s will be upgraded to Leopard 2NG (Next Generation) models with work supervised by Aselsan. The upgrade includes the addition of applique armor (AMAP), upgraded optics, and a new fire control system. Turkey bought another 30 Leapard2A4 from Germany's arsenal which where out of service. Leopard 1 Main battle tank 398 Germany 171 Leopard 1T upgraded to 3rd generation standard. M60T Main battle tank 170 United States/ Israel Extensively upgraded M60 Patton. Upgrade package designed and produced in Israel. Upgrades completed in Turkey.
3rd generation standard.
M60A3 TTS Main battle tank 658 United States M60A1 RISE Passive Main battle tank 104 United States M48A5T1 Main battle tank 619 United States M48A5 with passive night vision and MTU engine. Upgrades completed in Turkey. Probably phased out of active service. To be Completely phased out by introduction Altay tank M48A5T2 Main battle tank 758 United States Further upgrade of the M48A5T1 with thermal sights, stabilized 105mm gun and laser rangefinder. To be phased out with introduction Altay tank
Armored fighting vehicles And Armored Personnel Carriers
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes ACV-AIFV Infantry Fighting Vehicle 650 Turkey ACV-300 equipped with either a turret mounted GIAT 25mm M811 cannon, or Oerlikon KBA-B02 on an external weapon station. ACV-AAPC Armored personnel carrier 1,381 Turkey ACV-300 armed with one 12.7mm machine gun, and one 7.62 machine gun in a one man turret. M113 Armored personnel carrier 3,162 United States Mostly upgraded to Turkish standards. M113A1/A2T1/A2T2 variants in service. FNSS Pars Armored personnel carrier 1.000 Turkey 6x6
8x8 wheeled APC.
Otokar Cobra Armored personnel carrier 789 Turkey 4x4 wheeled APC. Otokar Akrep Armored personnel carrier 370 Turkey 4x4 wheeled APC. ACV-ATV Tank destroyer 48 Turkey ACV-300 equipped with TOW Under Armor (TUA) turret. BMC Kirpi MRAP 150 Turkey A Total of 468 ordered M113A1 TOW Tank destroyer 173 United States M113-based vehicle with pintle mount BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missile system
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk Utility helicopter 106 United States S-70A17/19: 56, S-70A28: 20 and S-70D28: 30 helicopters. TAI/Sikorsky T-70 Utility helicopter/Attack (Convertable at short notice) 0 (117 on order) Turkey Built under license by TAI. Turkish army chief deciced its going to produce about 600 Black hawks till 2020. Eurocopter AS-532UL Cougar Utility helicopter 48 Turkey Built under license by TAI Agusta-Bell AB206B3 JetRanger Utility and training helicopter 25 Italy Bell 206 JetRanger produced under license by Agusta. To be Phased out by Arıkopter Agusta-Bell AB205A1 Utility helicopter 69 Italy UH-1 Iroquois produced by Agusta in Italy, To be phased out by New Utility Helicopter Bell UH-1H/2020-ASAM Utility helicopter 52 United States Agusta-Bell 204 Utility and training helicopter 15 Italy To be phased out by New Utility Helicopter Bell UH-1H Utility helicopter 85 United States To be phased out by New Utility Helicopter Bell AH-1P Cobra Attack helicopter 23 United States Upgraded to AH-1F standard. To be phase out with introduction of T-129 ATAK Bell AH-1W SuperCobra Attack helicopter 7-8 United States 12 purchased in the 1990s. 6-7 (varies by source) remaining in service as of 2010. Equipped with Hellfire II K2. Bell OH-58B Observation helicopter 3 United States
Unmanned Aircraft Vehicles
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Bayraktar Mini UAV Mini UAV 148  Turkey Malazgirt Mini UAV Mini UAV 4  Turkey
Artillery and missile systems
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes HY-12Di Mortar 575 Turkey UT1 Mortar 324 Turkey M1/M29 Mortar 3,175 United States 81mm. M30 Mortar 1,265 United States 107mm. M-19 Mortar 3,500+ United States 60mm. Panter Howitzer 225 Turkey 155mm gun. A Total of 400 To be build. M101A1 Howitzer 830 United States 105mm gun. M114 Howitzer 535 United States 155mm gun. M115 Howitzer 155 United States 203mm gun. M116 Howitzer 180 United States 75mm gun.
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes M125A1 Self-propelled mortar 225 United States M113-based self-propelled mortar carrier. 81mm M29 mortar mounted. ACV-AMV Self-propelled mortar 170 Turkey ACV-300-based self-propelled mortar. 81mm mortar carried. T-155 Fırtına Self-propelled howitzer 240 Turkey 155mm gun. A total 350 are to be built. M110A2 Self-propelled howitzer 219 United States 203mm gun. M107 Self-propelled howitzer 36 United States 175mm gun. M55 Self-propelled howitzer 9 United States 155mm gun. M44T Self-propelled howitzer 222 United States 155mm gun. Modernized in Turkey M52T Self-propelled howitzer 363 United States 155mm gun. Modernized in Turkey M108T Self-propelled howitzer 25 United States 105mm gun. Modernized in Turkey
Rocket and missile systems
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes T-300 Kasırga WS-1 Multiple rocket launcher 80 China/ Turkey Truck mounted 302mm rocket system based on Chinese WS-1. 100 km range with improved range versions under development. M270 MLRS Multiple rocket launcher 12 United States MAKSAM RA 7040 Multiple rocket launcher 24 Turkey Truck mounted 70mm rocket system. 40 tubes per launcher. T-122 Sakarya Multiple rocket launcher 130+ Turkey Truck mounted 122mm rocket system based on the BM-21 Grad with ASELSAN BAIKS computerized system. 40 km range. T-107 MBRL Multiple rocket launcher 100+ Turkey Small, towed multi-barrel rocket launcher. TOROS 230A Multiple rocket launcher Turkey Truck mounted 230mm, long-range rocket system. 6 tubes per launcher. 65 km range. Used for research T-300 TOROS 260A Multiple rocket launcher Turkey Truck mounted 260mm, long-range rocket system. 4 tubes per launcher. 100 km range. Used for research T-300 J-600T Yıldırım I Short-range ballistic missile 100 China/ Turkey Turkish version of the Chinese B-611 SRBM. 150 km range. R&D by Turkish and Chinese.
36 Battery, 100+ Missile
J-600T Yıldırım II Short-range ballistic missile China/ Turkey J-600T with improved, 300 km range. ATACMS MGM 140 Block I Surface-to-surface missile 72 United States Can be fired from the M270 MRLS
Towed Anti-Air artillery
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes L/70 & L/70T Bofors Anti-aircraft gun 300 Sweden L/60 & M1A1 Bofors Anti-aircraft gun 600+ Sweden Oerlikon GDF-001 Anti-aircraft gun 100+ Switzerland/ Turkey Built under license by MKEK. Oerlikon GDF-003 Anti-aircraft gun 120 Switzerland/ Turkey Built under license by MKEK. Oerlikon GAI-D01 Anti-aircraft gun 440 Switzerland/ Turkey Built under license by MKEK. Rheinmetall Mk.20 Rh202 Anti-aircraft gun 300+ Germany M55 Anti-aircraft gun 900 United States 4x12.7mm guns in a quadmount
Self Propelled Anti-Air Defence
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes M42 Duster Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 110 United States Will be replaced by a new FNSS 2x35mm ACV Atılgan Self-propelled surface-to-air missile 150+ Turkey M113 equipped with 8 Stinger missiles on a pedestal mount for short-ranged air defense. More to be Delivered Zıpkın Self-propelled surface-to-air missile 80+ Turkey 4 pedestal mounted Stingers carried by a Land Rover Defender 130. More to be Delivered
The following weapon systems have been withdrawn from front-line service, but remain in storage as war reserve, spares, or pending disposal.
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Cobra Anti-tank guided missile 185 Germany 9K11 Malyutka Anti-tank guided missile 268 Soviet Union M48 Patton Main battle tank 1,200 United States Kept in storage.
Name Type Quantity Origin Notes Mehmetçik-1 Assault rifle Turkey Based on the HK 417 with improvements, under development,7.62x51 NATO MKEK T-50 Assault rifle Turkey 5.56mm rifle. Based on the HK50 Project OMTAS Anti-tank guided missile Turkey Under development UMTAS Anti-tank guided missile Turkey Under development,8 KM Range Roketsan Cirit Air-to-Surface Laser Guided Rocket Turkey Under development,8 KM Range BMC Kirpi MRAP 468 Turkey 4x4 Mine protected vehicle. FNSS Pars Tactical Wheeled Vehicle 1,075 Turkey MILAN(344), OMTAS(152), TOW(350) missile carriers, and fire support vehicles with automatic grenade launcher (229) to be produced. NBC Protection Vehicle Project NBC protected vehicle 336 Turkey Nurol Ejder / Otokar Arma Altay (tank) Main battle tank 1,000 Turkey 250 will be delivered in 2016. It is expected that a total of 1,000 Altays will be produced. Light Utility Helicopter Project Light Utility Helicopter TBD Turkey It is expected that the TAI Arıkopter will be acquired. Turkish Indigenous Helicopter Mid-Size Utility Helicopter *** Turkey Under Development  CH-47F Heavy-lift helicopter 6 United States 5 to Land Forces Command, 1 to Special Forces Command, expected to be produced by 2014  Bell AH-1W SuperCobra Attack helicopter 3 United States Delivery expected at the first quarter of 2012. T-129 ATAK Attack helicopter 51+9(+40 Optional) Turkey Turkish version of Agusta A-129 with indigenous missile systems and upgrades. 9 helicopters in 2012, 51 helicopters in 2013 will be received. Expected to be armed with Cirit and/or UMTAS missiles.
NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer Turkey
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 Turkey
No Equivalent No Equivalent No Insignia Astsubay Kıdemli Başçavuş Astsubay Başçavuş Astsubay Kıdemli Üstçavuş Astsubay Üstçavuş Astsubay Kıdemli Çavuş Astsubay Çavuş Uzman Çavuş Uzman Onbaşı Çavuş Onbaşı Er
Non-Turkish speakers might like to know that OF3, OF2, & OR4 literally translates to "Head of 1000", "Head of 100" & "Head of 10" respectively,
- Historical Weapons of Turkish Armed Forces
- Gendarmerie (Turkey)
References and notes
- See the Turkish Government, Undersecretariat for Defense Industries website for an official list of Turkish military procurement projects.
- ^ Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009-2010. Jane's Information Group. pp. 897. ISBN 0710628692.
- ^ David Watters. "The 5.56 X 45mm: 2005". http://www.thegunzone.com/556dw-15.html. Retrieved 2010-03-10.
- ^ http://www.ssm.gov.tr/anasayfa/hizli/duyurular/kurumsalDuyurular/Sayfalar/2009FaaliyetRaporu.aspx
- ^ a b c "ASD-Company Center > Turkey > BMC". 2009-08. http://www.asdsource.com/source_detail_small/3063/BMC.htm.
- ^ "Germany to Sell 298 Leopard 2 Tanks to Turkey". DefenseIndustryDaily.com. 2005-11-11. http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/germany-to-sell-298-leopard-2-tanks-to-turkey-01473/.
- ^ "Aselsan shows off two new tank systems". Jane's International Defence Review. 2005-11-04. http://www.janes.com/articles/International-Defence-Review-2005/Aselsan-shows-off-two-new-tank-systems.html. Retrieved 2010-12-28.
- ^ http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=4615111&c=EUR
- ^ a b c d e f g "Directory: World Air Forces". Flight International. 2009-12-15.
- ^ http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5gvXaLDRDR-99EpYeL5wSuBi61WNQ?docId=CNG.f200d840762d38e872f6b5b7882d5a5d.3b1
- ^ a b http://haber.gazetevatan.com/iste-heronun-turk-rakibi/313476/1/Gundem
- ^ "ASELSAN - ZIPKIN Pedestal-Mounted Air Defence missile System (PMADS)". http://defenceproducts.ssm.gov.tr/content/productDetails.aspx?ID=89.
- ^ http://www.thefirearmblog.com/blog/2008/11/07/the-turkish-hk416-mehmetcik-1/
- ^ http://www.bmc.com.tr/indexx.php?l=1&sayfa_id=101&g_id=2706&id=12558
- ^ http://www.turkishpress.com/news.asp?id=133903
- ^ http://www.trdefence.com/?p=1411
- ^ http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/18342422.asp?gid=381
- ^ http://www.trdefence.com/2011/05/12/turkey-nears-chinook-agreement-idef/
- ^ http://www.stargazete.com/politika/abd-3-super-kobra-helikopter-verecegiz-haber-386187.htm
- ^ http://www.trdefence.com/2011/05/12/t129-atak-program-right-on-schedule/
- ^ "Turkey Orders Nine More T129 Helicopters For The Land Forces Command, 08/11/2010
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