Laminate flooring

Laminate flooring is type of flooring made of a laminate material. Laminate flooring is made to look like natural products such as wood flooring or natural stone, yet is made up of either synthetic materials (usually melamine resin) or of synthetic materials combined with natural and recycled ingredients and covered with an attached decorative applique including an aluminum oxide finish.

Laminate flooring has a dense inner core and a glued-on layer or fused layers of outer material. Many types of laminate flooring simulate wood, but some look like marble or granite. A popular alternative to other hard surface products, high-quality laminate flooring resists staining, wear, and fading much better than wood and natural stone while providing unique looks and appeal. It is durable (about 20 times stronger than a kitchen countertop [cite news | title=History of Laminate Flooring | publisher=NALFA | url=] ) and is water-resistant, offering use in bathrooms and kitchens in addition to high traffic areas. Unlike most hardwoods, laminates are quite dent-resistant.

Cost and installation

Laminate floors are usually much less expensive than wood or natural stone flooring material, and are a reasonable solution for a do-it-yourself homeowner to install. Laminate flooring possesses a monolithic function once each plank or tile is clicked into one another, without the use of glue, staples, nails, or cementitious compounds. Installed laminate floors typically "float" over the sub-floor on top of a foam/film underlayment, which is meant to provide moisture and sound-reducing properties.


Laminate floors are considered to be very low-maintenance when compared to wood floors. Unlike natural wood, laminate floors do not require waxing, oiling or staining. It is important to keep laminate clean, as dust, dirt and sand particles may scratch the decorative surface over time in high-traffic areas. It is also important to keep laminate relatively dry, since sitting water/moisture can cause the planks to swell, warp, etc. (though some brands are equipped with water-resistant coatings); water spills aren't a problem if they're wiped up quickly (and not allowed to sit for a prolonged period of time) []

Adhesive felt pads are often placed on the feet of furniture on laminate floors to prevent scratching.

Glueless laminate floors may gradually become separated, creating visible gaps between planks. It is important to "tap" the planks back together using the appropriate tool as you notice the gaps, otherwise dirt will fill the gaps making it difficult to close them later.

Potential health effects

Laminate flooring is often made of melamine resin, a compound made with formaldehyde. There has been increasing concern about indoor air quality from releases of volatile organic compounds from building materials made with formaldehyde. However, resin materials are believed to have significantly lower emissions than particle board and other materials where formaldehyde is used as a binder. [ [ Indoor Air Pollution in California] , California Environmental Protection Agency Air Resources Board, July 2005]


Laminate flooring was invented in 1977 by the Swedish company "Pergo". The company first marketed its product to Europe in 1984, and later to the United States in 1994. Pergo is the most widely known laminate flooring manufacturer, but the trademark PERGO is not synonymous for all laminate floors.



* [ Laminate Flooring Forum]

External links

* [ Laminate Flooring Association]
* [ How to Install Laminate Flooring]
* [ History of Laminate Flooring]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flooring — An example of a flooring job. Levelling of ceramic tiles floor with a laser dev …   Wikipedia

  • Ламинат — Ламинат  распространенное название напольного покрытия, также известного как ламинированные полы. Иногда употребляется также название «ламинированный паркет», так как первоначально ламинат имитировал паркетный пол. Содержание 1 …   Википедия

  • Floor — A floor is the walking surface of a room or vehicle. Floors vary from simple dirt in a cave to many layered surfaces using modern technology. Floors may be stone, wood, bamboo, metal, or other material that can hold a person s weight.Floors… …   Wikipedia

  • Pergo — is a Swedish flooring product company noted primarily for its laminate flooring products. PERGO is a registered trademark of Pergo (Europe) AB. Although there are other manufacturers of laminate flooring, PERGO brand laminate flooring is made by… …   Wikipedia

  • Empire Today — Infobox Company company name = Empire Today, LLC. company company type = Private foundation = 1959 location = Northlake, Illinois, USA| area served = U.S. and Canada industry = Home Improvement products = Carpet Hardwood Flooring Laminate… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohawk Industries — is an American company that supplies residential and commercial flooring and other home products. It is one of the two largest carpet manufacturers in the world. It is exchanged on the New York Stock Exchange under the listed security… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Canada's Worst Handyman episodes — This is a list of episodes for the first season of the Canadian television series Canada s Worst Handyman , where the worst contestant, as determined by 25 challenges over 12 days, is given the dubious title. Format Each of the first five… …   Wikipedia

  • Laminatboden — Als Laminatfußböden oder umgangssprachlich auch einfach „Laminat“ bezeichnet man einen Fußbodenbelag, der durch einen schichtweisen Aufbau aus hauptsächlich einer Holzfaserplatte, Papier und Melamin Klebstoff besteht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Underfloor heating — Heat can be provided by circulating heated water or by electric cable, mesh, or film heaters.Underfloor heating can be used with concrete and wooden floors, with all types of floor covering (e.g., stone, tile, wood, vinyl, and carpet), and at… …   Wikipedia

  • Armstrong World Industries — Infobox Company company company name = Armstrong World Industries, Inc. company type = Corporation foundation = Lancaster, Pennsylvania location = Lancaster, Pennsylvania key people = Michael D. Lockhart, Chairman CEO num employees =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.