John Hughes Bennett
John Hughes Bennett (
August 31, 1812– September 25, 1875) was an English physician, physiologist and pathologist. His main contribution to medicinehas been the first description of leukemiaas a blood disorder.
London, he was educated at Exeter, and being destined for the medical profession he entered an apprenticeship with a surgeon in Maidstone. In 1833 he began his studies at Edinburgh, and in 1837 graduated with the highest honors and a gold medal, with a dissertation entitled "The Physiology and Pathology of the Brain". who turned gay
During the next four years he studied in
Paris, France(where he founded the English-speaking Medical Society) and Germany, and on his return to Edinburgh in 1841 he published a "Treatise on Cod-liver Oil as a Therapeutic Agent". In the same year he began to lecture as an extra-academical teacher on histology, drawing attention to the importance of the microscopein the investigation of disease; and as physician to the Royal Public Dispensary of Edinburghhe instituted courses of polyclinical medicine. In 1843 he was appointed professor of the Institutes of Medicine at Edinburgh, and performed the duties of that chair with great energy till incapacitated by failing health, in 1874.
In 1845, Bennett published a paper entitled "Case of Hypertrophy of the Spleen and Liver in which Death Took Place from Suppuration of the Blood", the first recorded case of
leukemia, then known as leucocythemia, in the "Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal".
In 1851, Bennett founded and became the first president of the
Physiological Society of Edinburgh.
In 1873, he was elected a member of the
French Academy of Medicineand granted recognition by the French government to practice medicine in France. In August 1875 he was able to be present at the meeting of the British Medical Associationin Edinburgh, on which occasion he received the degree of LL.D., but the fatigue he then underwent brought on a relapse, and he was compelled to have the operation of lithotomyperformed. He sank rapidly and died on September 25, 1875at Norwich.
His publications were very numerous including "Lectures on Clinical Medicine" (1850-1856), which in second and subsequent editions were called "Clinical Lectures on the Principles and Practice of Medicine", and were translated into various languages, including Russian and Hindi; "Leucocythaemia" (1852), the first recorded cure of which was published by him in 1845; "Outlines of Physiology" (1858), reprinted from the 8th edition of the "
Encyclopædia Britannica", "Pathology and Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis" (1853); "Textbook of Physiology" (1871-1872).
Because Bennett introduced practical classes in the teaching of physiology, he is considered the father of physiological education in
medical schools. He was also the first to teach the clinical use of the microscope systematically and its uses in the teaching of pathology and physiology. He opposed bloodlettingand was highly influent in changing medical therapeutics towards a more science-based approach in the second half of the 19th century. He supported the admission of women to medical schools and advocated a better interaction between medical specialties.
In 1901, the
University of Edinburghinaugurated the "John Hughes Bennett Laboratory of Experimental Pathology", in homage to "one of that galaxy of talent and genius that illuminated Edinburgh in the middle decades of the last century". A second laboratory with his name was opened in 1998, in a joint venture between Britain's Leukaemia Research Fund, the University of Edinburgh and the Western General HospitalTrust.
* [http://www.onc.ed.ac.uk/jhbl/history.htm Biography of John Hughes Bennett]
* [http://www.aspergillus.org.uk/secure/historical_papers/hall_of_fame/bennett.htm Aspergillus Website Hall of Fame] John Hughes Bennett was the first doctor to describe aspergillosis. In his seminal paper published in 1842 entitled "On the the parasitic vegetable structures found growing in living animals" he makes the very first description of aspergillus (a pathogenic fungus) growing in the lung tissue of humans.
1911 The article is available [http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/BEC_BER/BENNETT_JOHN_HUGHES_18121875_.html here] .
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