Martyrs of Compiègne

Martyrs of Compiegne
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church, Quidenham, Norfolk - Windows - - 1084822.jpg
Died Mid-July 1794,Barrière de Vincennes (modern day Place de la Nation), Paris, France
Martyred by Committee of Public Safety, Reign of Terror
Venerated in Carmelite Order

May 1906

by Pope Pius X
Feast 17 July
Notable martyrs Blessed Teresa of St. Augustine

The Martyrs of Compiègne are sixteen Carmelite nuns who were guillotined On 17 July 1794 during the Reign of Terror. They are commemorated on 17 July of the Carmelite Calendar of Saints.

Terrye Newkirk writes in "The Martyrs of Compiègne as Prophets of the Modern Age":

On 17 July 1794, in the closing days of the Reign of Terror led by Robespierre, sixteen Carmelite nuns of the Catholic Church were guillotined at the Barrière de Vincennes (nowadays Place de la Nation) in Paris. They were buried in a common grave at the Picpus Cemetery, where a single cross today marks the remains of the 1,306 victims of the guillotine. A mere handful of the French Revolution's victims, they have commanded the attention of historians, hagiographers, authors, playwrights, composers, and librettists for two hundred years. In the course of the 20th century, the Martyrs of Compiègne have been the subject of a massive scholarly history, a German novella, a French play, a film, and Francis Poulenc's opera Dialogues of the Carmelites. In 1902, Pope Leo XIII declared the nuns Venerable, the first step toward canonization. They were later beatified by Pius X in May 1906: Carmelites celebrate the memory of the prioress, Blessed Teresa of St. Augustine (Lidoine), and her fifteen companions on 17 July, and Catholics may adopt them as patrons. The bicentenary of their death was observed in 1994; many are petitioning for their canonization.

Francis Poulenc's opera Dialogues of the Carmelites is based on the story of the Martyrs, as adapted by Gertrud von Le Fort and, later, Georges Bernanos.

List of the martyrs

The martyrs consisted of fourteen nuns and lay sisters, and two servants:

Choir Nuns

  • Mother Teresa of St. Augustine, prioress (Madeleine-Claudine Ledoine) b. 1752
  • Mother St. Louis, sub-prioress (Marie-Anne [or Antoinett] Brideau) b. 1752
  • Mother Henriette of Jesus, ex-prioress (Marie-Françoise Gabrielle de Croissy) b. 1745
  • Sister Mary of Jesus Crucified (Marie-Anne Piedcourt) b. 1715
  • Sister Charlotte of the Resurrection, ex-sub-prioress and sacristan (Anne-Marie-Madeleine Thouret) b. 1715
  • Sister Euphrasia of the Immaculate Conception (Marie-Claude Cyprienne) b. 1736
  • Sister Teresa of the Sacred Heart of Mary (Marie-Antoniette Hanisset) b. 1740
  • Sister Julie Louise of Jesus, widow (Rose-Chrétien de la Neuville) b. 1741
  • Sister Teresa of St. Ignatius (Marie-Gabrielle Trézel) b. 1743
  • Sister Mary-Henrietta of Providence (Anne Petras) b. 1760
  • Sister Constance, novice (Marie-Geneviève Meunier) b. 1765

Lay Sisters

  • Sister St. Martha (Marie Dufour) b. 1742
  • Sister Mary of the Holy Spirit (Angélique Roussel) b. 1742
  • Sister St. Francis Xavier (Julie Vérolot) b. 1764


  • Catherine Soiron b. 1742
  • Thérèse Soiron b. 1748

See also

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Martyrs of Compiegne —     The Sixteen Blessed Teresian Martyrs of Compiègne     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Sixteen Blessed Teresian Martyrs of Compiègne     Guillotined at the Place du Trône Renversé (now called Place de la Nation), Paris, 17 July, 1794. They are… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Teresian Martyrs of Compiègne, The Sixteen Blessed — • Guillotined at the Place du Trône Renversé (now called Place de la Nation), Paris, 17 July, 1794 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Compiègne — Town hall …   Wikipedia

  • Compiégne, Teresian Martyrs of — • Guillotined at the Place du Trône Renversé (now called Place de la Nation), Paris, 17 July, 1794 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • List of Christian martyrs — Since its earliest decades, Christianity has glorified martyrdom. Apostolic Age 1st century *Saint Stephen, Protomartyr, was stoned c. 34 A.D. *James the Great (Son of Zebedee) was beheaded in 44 A.D. *Philip the Apostle was crucified in 54 A.D.… …   Wikipedia

  • Dialogues of the Carmelites — Operas by Francis Poulenc Les mamelles de Tirésias (1947) Dialogues of the Carmelites (1957) La voix humaine (1959) v · d · …   Wikipedia

  • Stanbrook Abbey — • An abbey of Benedictine nuns, midway between Malvern and Worcester, England Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Stanbrook Abbey     Stanbrook Abbey      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Хронологический список католических блаженных и святых XVIII века — В данном списке представлены блаженные и святые Римско Католической Церкви, жившие в XVIII веке. Перечисление расположено по годам смерти. Имя Статус Год (век) рождения Место рождения Год (век) смерти Место смерти Дата беатификации Дата… …   Википедия

  • Rose-Chrétien de la Neuville — Infobox Saint name=Blessed Rose Chrétien de la Neuville birth date=1741 death date=July 17 1794 feast day=July 17 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize= caption= birth place=near Évreux, France death place=Place du Trône Renversé (modern… …   Wikipedia

  • Charlotte Thouret — Schwester Charlotte Thouret (bürgerlich Anne Marie Madeleine Thouret, * 16. September 1715 in Mouy; † 17. Juli 1794 in Paris) war eine französische Karmelitin. Im Zuge der französischen Revolution wurde sie mit 15 anderen Schwestern aus dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.