Pipestone National Monument

Infobox_protected_area | name = Pipestone National Monument
iucn_category = III



caption =
locator_x = 146
locator_y = 48
location = Pipestone County, Minnesota, USA
nearest_city = Pipestone, Minnesota
lat_degrees = 44
lat_minutes = 0
lat_seconds = 48
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 96
long_minutes = 19
long_seconds = 31
long_direction = W
area = 281.78 (1.14 km²)
established = August 25, 1937
visitation_num = 69,820
visitation_year = 2005
governing_body = National Park Service

Pipestone National Monument preserves traditional catlinite quarries just north of Pipestone, Minnesota. The catlinite, or "pipestone", was and is used to make peace pipes, vitally important to traditional Plains Indian culture. The quarries are sacred to the Dakota Sioux (Lakota) Native Americans, and were neutral territory where all tribes could quarry stone for ceremonial pipes.cite web| url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/Red%20Books/66000112.red.pdf| title=National Register Redbook: Pipestone National Monument| author=National Park Service| accessmonthday=May 17 | accessyear=2006| ] The Sioux tribes may have taken control of the quarries around 1700, but the Minnesota pipestone has been found inside North American burial mounds dating from long before that, and ancient Indian trails leading to the area suggest pipestone may have been quarried there for many centuries. [ [http://www.pipestoneminnesota.com/museum/history2.htm Pipestone County Museum - History ] ]

The land was acquired by the federal government in 1893. The National Monument was established by an act of Congress on August 25, 1937, and the establishing legislation restored quarrying rights to the Indians. Today only people of Native American ancestry are allowed to quarry the pipestone. A boundary change occurred on June 18, 1956. ["The National Parks: Index 2001–2003". Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior.] As an historic area under the National Park Service it was administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places under the heading "Cannomok'e—Pipestone National Monument". The Red Pipestone Quarries within the monument comprise a Minnesota State Historic Site. [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Minnesota Statute § 138.57, subd. 4
work =
publisher = Minnesota Revisor of Statutes
date =
url = http://ros.leg.mn/bin/getpub.php?pubtype=STAT_CHAP_SEC&year=current&section=138.57&image.x=39&image.y=11
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-02-26
]

During the summer months, there are cultural demonstrations at the monument. Visitors can also walk along a three-quarter mile (1.2 km) trail to view the pipestone quarries and a waterfall.

References

External links

* Official NPS website: [http://www.nps.gov/pipe/ Pipestone National Monument]
* [http://kare11.exploreminnesota.com/national_monument_holds_ancient_pipestone_quarries.html National Monument Holds Ancient Pipestone Quarries] (travel article)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pipestone National Monument — Steinbruch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pipestone National Monument — National monument, southwestern Minnesota, U.S. Established in 1937, it has an area of 282 acres (114 hectares) and contains quarries of a reddish coloured stone that was used by the Plains Indians to make ceremonial peace pipes. The stone is… …   Universalium

  • Pipestone National Monument — geographical name reservation SW Minnesota containing quarry once used by American Indians …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Pipestone National Monument — Monumento nacional en el sudoeste del estado de Minnesota en EE.UU. El monumento, establecido en 1937, ocupa 114 ha (282 acres) de superficie y contiene canteras de piedras de color rojizo que fueron usadas por los indios de las llanuras para… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • National Monument — Der Devils Tower war das erste Nationalmonument National Monument heißen in den Vereinigten Staaten durch die Bundesregierung ausgewiesene Schutzgebiete oder Gedenkstätten, die überwiegend vom National Park Service, einer dem Innenministerium… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chiricahua National Monument — Monument national Chiricahua Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Identifiant 1039 Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hovenweep National Monument — Monument national Hovenweep Monument national Hovenweep Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Identifiant …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Navajo National Monument — Monument national Navajo Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ocmulgee National Monument — Monument national Ocmulgee Monument national Ocmulgee Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Identifiant 225 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cabrillo National Monument — Monument national Cabrillo Le phare près du Cabrillo National Monument Catégorie UICN V (paysage terrestre/marin protégé) Identifiant 13 …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.