Melbourne, Florida


Melbourne, Florida
Melbourne, Florida
—  City  —
Downtown Melbourne

Seal

Logo
Nickname(s): The Harbor City
Location in Brevard County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°7′N 80°38′W / 28.117°N 80.633°W / 28.117; -80.633Coordinates: 28°7′N 80°38′W / 28.117°N 80.633°W / 28.117; -80.633
Country  United States
State  Florida
County Brevard
Settled c. 1867
Incorporated (village) 22 December 1888
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - Mayor Harry Goode
 - City Manager Jack M. Schluckebier
Area[1]
 - City 35.49 sq mi (91.9 km2)
 - Land 30.20 sq mi (78.2 km2)
 - Water 5.29 sq mi (13.7 km2)  14.9%
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2009)[2][3]
 - City 78,323
 Metro 536,521
  Census Bureau estimate
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 32901, 32934, 32935, 32940, 32902, 32912, 32936, 32941, 32904
Area code 321
FIPS code 12-43975[4]
GNIS feature ID 0294589[5]
Website City of Melbourne

Melbourne play /ˈmɛlbərn/ is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. As of 2009, the population estimated by the U.S. Census Bureau is 78,323. The municipal area is the second largest by size and by population in the county.[2] Melbourne is a principal city of the Palm Bay – Melbourne – Titusville, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1969 the city was expanded by merging with nearby Eau Gallie.

The city was named Melbourne in honor of its first postmaster, Cornthwaite John Hector, an Englishman who had spent much of his life in Melbourne, Australia.[6]

Contents

History

Early human occupation

Evidence for the presence of Paleo-Indians in the Melbourne area during the late Pleistocene epoch was uncovered during the 1920s. C. P. Singleton, a Harvard University zoologist, discovered the bones of a Mammoth (Mammuthus columbi) on his property along Crane Creek, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from Melbourne, and brought in Amherst College paleontologist Frederick B. Loomis to excavate the skeleton. Loomis found a second elephant, with a "large rough flint instrument"[7] among fragments of the elephant's ribs. Loomis found in the same stratum mammoth, mastodon, horse, ground sloth, tapir, pessary, camel and saber-tooth cat bones, all extinct in Florida since the end of the Pleistocene 10,000 years ago. At a nearby site a human rib and charcoal were found in association with Mylodon, Megalonyx and Chlamytherium (ground sloths) teeth. A finely worked spearpoint found with these items may have been displaced from a later stratum. In 1925 attention shifted to the Melbourne golf course. A crushed human skull with finger, arm and leg bones was found in association with a horse tooth. A piece of ivory that appeared to have been modified by humans was found at the bottom of the stratum containing bones. Other finds included a spear point near a mastodon bone and a turtle-back scraper and a blade found with bear, camel, mastodon, horse and tapir bones.[8] Similar human remains, Pleistocene animals and Paleo-Indian artefacts were found in Vero Beach, 30 miles south of Melbourne, and similar Paleo-Indian artefacts were found at Helen Blazes, ten miles southwest of Melbourne.

Settlement

The Hotel Carleton c. 1907

After the Civil War, pioneer families arrived and Melbourne was founded in 1867 by former slaves.

The city, formerly called "Crane Creek",[9] was named Melbourne in honor of its first postmaster, Cornthwaite John Hector, an Englishman who had spent much of his life in Melbourne, Australia.[6] He is buried in the Melbourne Cemetery, along with many early residents in the area. The first school in Melbourne was built in 1883 and is now owned and on permanent exhibit on the Florida Tech campus. By 1885, the town had 70 people.[10] The Greater Allen Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church was founded in 1885 and is still active.[11]

In the late 1890s, the Brownlie-Maxwell Funeral Home opened and is still in business. The oldest black-owned business in the county is Tucker's Cut-Rate plumbing. It opened in 1934.[12]

In late 1942 the Naval Air Station Melbourne was established as a site to train newly commissioned Navy and Marine pilots for World War II. The program ran until 1946, and the land that was used for that program makes up most of what is currently the Melbourne International Airport.[13] In 1969, the cities of Eau Gallie and Melbourne voted to merge, forming modern day Melbourne.

In 2009, Liberty Aerospace cut its workforce to 32 people.[14]

Geography

Melbourne is located approximately 60 miles (97 km) southeast of Orlando on the Space Coast along Interstate 95. It is approximately midway between Jacksonville and Miami. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.49 square miles (91.9 km2). 30.20 square miles (78.2 km2) of it is land and 5.29 square miles (13.7 km2) of it (14.9%) is water.[1]

The east-west street, Brevard Avenue was historically the "center" of town; with addresses called "north" and "south" of this street. The north-south Babcock street provided the same centerline for "east" and "west" direction.

Melbourne Beachside has a small presence on the South Beaches barrier island. It is often confused with Melbourne Beach, a separate political entity.

Climate

The city has a Köppen climate classification of humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers.[15] Tropical palms such as coconut, royal palms, and Christmas palms, are sometimes grown, but die when subjected to occasional freezes.

On August 20, 2008, Tropical Storm Fay dropped 18.21 inches (46.3 cm).[16]

Snow is rare, with the last snowfall recorded on January 9, 2010.[17]

Climate data for Melbourne, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 72
(22)
73
(23)
77
(25)
81
(27)
85
(29)
89
(32)
91
(33)
90
(32)
88
(31)
83
(28)
78
(26)
73
(23)
81.7
(27.6)
Average low °F (°C) 50
(10)
51
(11)
55
(13)
60
(16)
66
(19)
71
(22)
72
(22)
73
(23)
72
(22)
67
(19)
60
(16)
53
(12)
63
(16.9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.48
(63)
2.49
(63.2)
2.92
(74.2)
2.08
(52.8)
3.94
(100.1)
5.83
(148.1)
5.38
(136.7)
5.78
(146.8)
7.20
(182.9)
4.76
(120.9)
3.12
(79.2)
2.31
(58.7)
48.29
(1,226.6)
Source: U.S. Climate Data[18]

[19]

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 76,068 people residing in the city. The population density was 2,246.4 per square mile (912.6/km²). There were 38,955 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 80.9% White, 10.3% African American, 8.9% persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, 0.3% Native American, 3.1% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 3.1% from two or more races.[20]

There were 30,788 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.7% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 20.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

Government

The Melbourne City Council consists of the mayor and six district council members.[21][22] Melbourne utilizes a Council-Manager form of government.[23]

City Officials[24]

  • Harry Goode, Mayor - Re-elected on November 2008, term expires November 2012
  • Mike Nowlin, District 1 Council Member - Elected on November 2008, term expires November 2012
  • Mark LaRusso, District 2 Council Member - Elected on November 2010, term expires November 2014
  • Kathy Meehan, District 3 Council Member - Re-elected on November 2004, term expires November 2012
  • John Thomas, District 4 Council Member and Vice Mayor - Elected on November 2010, term expires November 2014
  • Molly Tasker, District 5 Council Member - Elected on November 2008, term expires November 2012
  • Greg Jones, District 6 Council Member - Elected on November 2010, term expires November 2014

The following are appointed by the council:

  • Paul R. Gougelman, III, City Attorney
  • Jack M. Schluckebier, City Manager
  • Cathleen A. Wysor, City Clerk

Melbourne city officials created the Babcock Street Redevelopment District in 1998 to stimulate new development along Babcock Street from U.S. 1 south to U.S. 192. A 218-unit apartment complex being built is just the latest (2005) step in an effort to revitalize this area.

Melbourne is also attempting to revitalize the downtown Eau Gallie Riverfront district.

A $156 million budget was proposed for the 2007-8 fiscal year.[25]

In 2007, the city had a taxable real estate base of $4.96 billion.[26]

A 2011 study rated the general pension fund for city employees highly at 190%. Less favorably rated were the pension plans for fire and police employees.[27]

In 2009, the city had 870 full-time employees and 176 part-time.[28]

Public safety

In 2010, the city employed 170 police, 140 of which were unionized.[29] For administration, the city is divided into ten areas which require patrol.[30]

A 2009 survey indicated that the city was ranked 84 out of 400 in crime statistics, with #1 being the worst. Crimes included murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and motor vehicle theft.[31]

A 2009 Halloween street party sponsored by a downtown restaurant, attracted an estimated 8,000-10,000 people. This overwhelmed the downtown area. Police could not function. Street parties were curtailed until public safety issued were addressed.[32]

Economy

Personal income

The median income for a household in the city was $34,571, and the median income for a family was $42,760. Males had a median income of $32,242 versus $22,419 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,175. In Melbourne, about 8.6% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Industry

The Melbourne International Airport is located near the center of the city. Melbourne contains defense and technology companies with a high concentration of high-tech workers.[33] The following corporations have operations in Melbourne:

LiveTV has its headquarters in Melbourne.[37]

Workforce

In 2007, the average size of Melbourne's labor force was 39,391. Of that group, 37,708 were employed and 1,683 were unemployed, for an unemployment rate of 4.3%.[38]

Housing

In 2008, 259 building permits were issued for 263 units. There were 209 permits issued for 320 units in 2007, which was down from 329 permits for 512 units in 2006.[39]

The median home price in 2007 was $215,000.[38]

In May 2005, the Melbourne-TitusvillePalm Bay area was among the top 20 in home price appreciation from 2003 to 2004.[40]

Competitiveness

In 2009, Forbes ranked the area 18th out of 100 Metropolitan Statistical Areas and first out of 8 metros in Florida for affordable housing, and short commute times, among others.[41]

Retail and commerce

Melbourne has two downtown business districts, a result of the merger of Eau Gallie into Melbourne:

  • Downtown Eau Gallie Arts District
  • Historic Downtown Melbourne. Among other retail outlets, this has 26 eating and drinking establishments within a four block extent.[42]

Healthcare

The area has four hospitals, day care for senior citizens, hospice, walk-in and urgent care facilities.[43] There is Holmes Regional Medical Center, Wuesthoff Medical Center Melbourne Campus, and Kindred Hospital which does not accept emergency patients. A new Viera hospital was opened in May 2011.

Tourism

The city has two golf courses. There were 96,477 rounds played in 2009-10. Revenues were $2,207,502. Rounds and revenue have been dropping since 2006. in 2011, the city raised rates for residents to the same as for non-residents, $27 per round or $522 annual fee.[44]

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

  • The annual Melbourne Independent Filmmakers' Festival, held in early November, provides a venue for new filmmaker talent.
  • The Melbourne Area Pilots Association hosts a General Aviation Day at Melbourne International Airport in September.
  • The Annual IndiaFest And India Day that are held in February and in August.
  • The Melbourne Arts Festival, held in April, draws from 50,000-60,000 visitors.[45]
  • The Melbourne Oktoberfest has been held each October since 1977.[46] Most recently this was held at the Wickham Park Pavilion.

Museums and points of interest

Historic sites

There are three places on the National Register of Historic Places[47]:

The following places are also historic:

Museums

Performing arts

Groups

Buildings

Sports

Melbourne was an official host city for the 1996 Olympic Torch Relay.[48]

There are co-ed adult and youth sports programs in flag football and ultimate frisbee.[49]

Parks, recreation, and attractions

The City of Melbourne contains over 554.72 acres (2.2 km2) of city park land, including 17 community parks,[50] 13 neighborhood parks,[51] and five smaller city parks.[52]

Brevard Zoo


Education

88.5% of all residents 25 years or older are high school graduates. 25.7% have a Bachelor's Degree or higher.[38]

Public Schools are run by the Brevard County School Board.

Colleges and universities

Elementary schools [55]

  • Roy Allen Elementary
  • Ascension Catholic School
  • Dr. W. J. Creel Elementary
  • Croton Elementary
  • Harbor City Elementary
  • Holy Trinity Episcopal Academy Lower School (Preschool – 6)
  • Longleaf Elementary
  • Meadowlane Primary[56]
  • Meadowlane Intermediate[57]
  • New Covenant Christian School
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School
  • Quest Elementary
  • Sabal Elementary
  • Sherwood Elementary
  • Suntree Elementary
  • University Park Elementary

Middle schools

  • Ascension Catholic School[58]
  • Central Middle School
  • Florida Air Academy
  • Holy Trinity Episcopal Academy Upper School
  • L. B. Johnson Middle School
  • New Covenant Christian School
  • Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School
  • Stone Middle School

High schools

Education

  • Palm Bay High Adult/Community Education
  • South Area Adult Center

Media

Print

  • Florida Today - Space Coast and Central Florida
  • The Crimson [59] - The Florida Institute of Technology Student-Run Newspaper

Radio

Television

Cable is provided by Bright House Networks.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Major roads

Roads in the older part of the city, in what is today the southeast, are oriented towards the north-south road, Babcock, with compass directions measured east and west from that road. In the same area, the east-west road, Brevard Avenue, separate compass directions north and south.

All are at least four-lane roads, unless otherwise designated.

  • US 1.svg U.S. 1. Harbor City Boulevard is the local street name, and it runs parallel to the Indian River on the eastern side of the city. This road allows access to the beaches over 3 causeways: Pineda, Eau Gallie, and Melbourne Causeway.
  • US 192.svg U.S. Route 192
  • Locally named New Haven Avenue and Strawbridge Avenue (downtown), pass through commercial, entertainment, and retail areas of Melbourne. It serves as a route to Kissimmee and the tourist corridor of Orlando to the west, and the town of Indialantic to the east via the Melbourne Causeway.
  • I-95.svg Interstate 95
  • There are two exits - Exit 180 (U.S. Route 192) and Exit 183 (Eau Gallie Blvd.) Another interchange is being constructed near mile 188 to accommodate the expansion of the Pineda Causeway. While Exit 191 (Wickham Road) serves the Melbourne area, it is not marked as such.
  • Florida A1A.svg SR A1A
  • This road runs along the beaches and provides access to other areas of Brevard County.
  • Florida 507.svg SR 507 - Babcock Street
  • Florida 404.svg SR 404 - Pineda Causeway
  • Florida 508.svg SR 508 - NASA Boulevard
  • Florida 518.svg SR 518 - Eau Gallie Boulevard
  • Brevard County Road 509 FL.svgCR 509 - Wickham/Minton Road. Up to 38,680 cars use Wickham road weekdays. The average is 33, 850.[60]
  • Brevard County Road 511 FL.svgCR 511 - John Rodes Boulevard/Aurora Road
  • Brevard County Road 516 FL.svgCR 516 - Palm Bay Road

Rail

Historical Marker (click to enlarge)

The Union Cypress Company Railroad ran east to west through south Melbourne in the early 1900s. The mill town of Hopkins was near the present day streets of Mill Street and Main Street.

The Florida East Coast Railway runs through Melbourne, staying west of U.S. 1 through its entire run.

Bus

  • Space Coast Area Transit operates a public bus service in Melbourne and vicinity. The city subsidizes two routes internal to the city so Melbourne residents ride for free.[61]
  • Greyhound Bus Lines has a bus station in Melbourne[62]

Airport

Melbourne International Airport (Florida) Monument Sign 1.jpg

The Melbourne International Airport (IATA: MLBICAO: KMLBFAA LID: MLB) is located about 1 1/2 miles northwest of the city's original business district.

Utilities

Melbourne Water Tower

Power is provided by Florida Power and Light. Gas is provided by Florida City Gas.

Cable TV service is provided by Bright House Networks. Satellite reception in Florida varies from area to area and often have service interruptions with Florida's erratic weather patterns and random cloud cover.

Traditional landline telephone service is mainly provided by AT&T, while some cable customers use Bright House Networks digital phone (VOIP) service.

Internet Service Providers in Melbourne range from various 56 kbit/s providers, AT&T (formerly BellSouth) FastAccess DSL, and Bright House Networks cable internet, which uses Road Runner as their ISP. Fiber optic networks are installed in the city mainly for business purposes and have not been integrated for home use.

The Water Department not only provides water for the city, but surrounding towns and cities for a premium, including Melbourne Beach, Indialantic, Indian Harbour Beach, Satellite Beach, Palm Shores, Melbourne Village and a portion of Brevard County. Wholesale water service is provided to West Melbourne. The total distribution area is about 100 square miles (259 km2)[63] A reverse osmosis plant on Lake Washington provides 5 US gallons (19 l; 4.2 imp gal) million of water a day. This water is treated with chloramine and ozone to purify it.[64] In 2003, water rates were $2.27/1,000 US gallons (3,785 l) sewer $4.47/1,000 US gallons (3,785 l).[65] Additional water is obtained from four wells 650 to 950 feet (200 to 290 m) into the Floridan Aquifer. These are also processed using reverse osmosis.[66]

Solid Waste & Recycling is provided by Solid Waste Management, part of the City of Melbourne government's Environmental Community Outreach (ECO) Division.

Namesakes

The Melbourne Square Mall, located on US 192 west of downtown, is the largest shopping area in Brevard County.

Notable residents

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Florida by Place. Population, Housing, Area, and Density: 2000". US Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US12&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-PH1&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-format=ST-7. Retrieved 2007-10-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida" (CSV). US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2008-04-12.csv. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the population for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (CSV). US Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.csv. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "The History of Melbourne, Florida". http://www.melbourneflorida.org/history/. 
  7. ^ Purdy:23
  8. ^ Purdy:23-9
  9. ^ Kennerly, Britt (10 January 2011). "Freed slaves helped map out local history". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida): pp. 1A. 
  10. ^ Kellersberger, Julia Lake. Rooted in Florida Soil, Florida Institute of Technology Press, 1971, p. 12.
  11. ^ Neale, Rick (1 March 2010). "Church has 125 reasons to smile". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 9A. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20100301/NEWS01/3010304/1006/Melbourne+church+has+125+reasons+to+smile. 
  12. ^ Price, Wayne (22 March 2009). "70 years & counting". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today.. pp. 1E. 
  13. ^ The History of Melbourne Florida
  14. ^ Florida Today
  15. ^ Randy Lascody (202-03). "The Onset of the Wet and Dry Seasons in East Central Florida- A Subtropical Wet-Dry Climate?". National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office Melbourne, Florida. NOAA. http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mlb/?n=wetdryseason. 
  16. ^ "Tropical Storm Fay continues to drift west". Florida Today. Florida Today. 2008-08-21. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20080821/BREAKINGNEWS/308210003/Tropical-Storm-Fay-continues-to-drift-west. 
  17. ^ # ^ http://www.wftv.com/news/22191710/detail.html
  18. ^ "Monthly averages for Santa Ana, California". http://www.usclimatedata.com/climate.php?location=USCA1016. Retrieved Feb 27 2009. 
  19. ^ http://www.wftv.com/news/22191710/detail.html
  20. ^ "State & County QuickFacts 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/1243975.html. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  21. ^ Map of City Council Districts - City of Melbourne, Florida
  22. ^ Melbourne City Council Members - City of Melbourne, Florida
  23. ^ Council-Manager Form of Government - City of Melbourne, Florida
  24. ^ http://www.melbourneflorida.org/forms/pdf-forms/officials.pdf
  25. ^ Florida Today retrieved July 24, 2007 Archived September 30, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Dean, James (April 26, 2008). More taxes or fewer services. Florida Today. 
  27. ^ Walker, Don (November 11, 2011). "Cities pensions among the best, bottom". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida): pp. 4B. http://www.floridatoday.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2011311100046. 
  28. ^ "Information about the City of Melbourne, Florida". City of Melbourne, Florida. 2010-10-24. http://www.melbourneflorida.org/info/. 
  29. ^ Downs, Megan (7 March 2010). "Union letter critical of chief". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1B. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20100307/NEWS01/3070317/1006/news01/Union+letter+critical+of+chief. 
  30. ^ [1]
  31. ^ Moody, R. Norman (28 November 2009). "Brevard crime up, down". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 5B. http://www.floridatoday.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=200991127032. 
  32. ^ Cervenra, Susanne (13 January 2010). "Melbourne council suspends gated street events". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today): pp. 1B. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20100113/NEWS01/1130356/Melbourne-suspends-gated-street-parties. 
  33. ^ U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Metro areas with highest percentages of high-tech workers”. Bureau of Labor Statistics website, August 25, 2003. Accessed October 23, 2007.
  34. ^ a b c "Brevard County School Budget 2009:General information". http://www.brevardcounty.us/budgetoffice/budget/2009_2010/pdf/general%20information.pdf. 
  35. ^ Peterson, Patrick (20 December 2010). "DRS opens new, expanded offices". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 20A. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20101220/BUSINESS/12200307/DRS-opens-new-expanded-offices-in-Melbourne. 
  36. ^ Price, Wayne T. (5 November 2010). "Embraer facilty nearly done". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 6C. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20101105/BUSINESS/11050317/Embraer-facility-nearly-done. 
  37. ^ "Where we are." LiveTV. Retrieved on January 19, 2010.
  38. ^ a b c Melbourne Community Data Sheet Economic Development Council of Florida's Space Coast. Retrieved on 2009-07-23.
  39. ^ Building Permits United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2009-07-23.
  40. ^ ""Home prices up 11% in fourth quarter" by Steve Kerch for MarketWatch". http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/home-prices-up-fourth-quarter/story.aspx?guid=%7BD3FFE342-BC54-4496-956F-F5D0AA789D2E%7D. 
  41. ^ Price, Wayne T. (8 November 2009). "Forbes:Brevard's got bang for buck". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 1A. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20091208/BUSINESS/912080318/Forbes-magazine-says-Brevard-one-of-America-s-best-places. 
  42. ^ Cervenka, Susanne (April 24, 2011). "Downtown Identity". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida): pp. 1E. http://www.tallahassee.com/article/A9/20110424/BUSINESS/110422023/Examining-Melbourne-s-downtown-identity. 
  43. ^ Community Links - City of Melbourne, Florida
  44. ^ Cervenka, Susanne (March 31, 2011). "Residents lose discount on golf". Florida Today (Melbourne, Florida): pp. 1A. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20110331/NEWS01/103310313/Melbourne-residents-lose-discount-municipal-golf-courses. 
  45. ^ Best, Keilani (6 March 2010). "Festivals boost economy". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 7C. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20100306/BUSINESS/3060306/1006/NEWS01/Festivals+boost+economy. 
  46. ^ [2]
  47. ^ Brevard places on National Register of Historic Places
  48. ^ Information about the City of Melbourne, Florida
  49. ^ American Sports League
  50. ^ Community Parks - Parks Division - City of Melbourne, Florida
  51. ^ Neighborhood Parks - Parks Division - City of Melbourne, Florida
  52. ^ Other Parks - Parks Division - City of Melbourne, Florida
  53. ^ Keiser University
  54. ^ Everest University
  55. ^ Schools Listing
  56. ^ Meadowlane Primary
  57. ^ Meadowlane Intermediate
  58. ^ [3]
  59. ^ [4]
  60. ^ Neale, Rick (February 2010). "box:System reduces Wickham delays". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3A. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20100227/NEWS01/2270315/1169/NEWS0308/Traffic+light+system+on+Wickham+Road+a+smart+investment++study+says. 
  61. ^ Space Coast Area Transit official website
  62. ^ Information about Melbourne Greyhound station
  63. ^ Melbourne Water Supply retrieved June 9, 2008
  64. ^ Reverse Osmosis details and statistics - City of Melbourne retrieved June 9, 2008
  65. ^ [5]
  66. ^ 2010 City of Melbourne - Annual Drinking Water Quality Report. Melbourne, Florida: City of Melbourne, Florida. 2010. ISBN 0-06-621330-4. http://www.melbourneflorida.org/pub/pub-pdf/waterquality.pdf. 
  67. ^ Bowe Gardeners. A Tribute to Thomas Barbour (1884 - 1946) memorial dated 1976 located in Ballard Park, Melbourne, Florida.
  68. ^ Cherry, Mike (25 December 2009). "Herschel & Hurst". Melbourne, Florida: Florida Today. pp. 3C. http://www.floridatoday.com/article/20091225/SPORTS/912250320/FLORIDA+TODAY+s+Top+10+sports+stories. 
  69. ^ Zora Neale Hurston Digital Archive @ University of Florida retrieved February 10, 2011
  70. ^ Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress - NELSON, Clarence William (Bill), (1942-) retrieved February 10, 2011
  71. ^ [6]
  72. ^ [7]
  73. ^ Schapiro, Jeff (March 27, 2010). "Former six-term Rep. Stanford E. Parris dies at 80". Richmond Times-Dispatch. http://www2.timesdispatch.com/rtd/news/state_regional/state_regional_govtpolitics/article/former_6-term_n.va._congressman_stan_parris_dies/333396/. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 

References

  • Purdy, Barbara A. (2008). Florida's People During the Last Ice Age. University Press of Florida. ISBN 978-0-8130-3204-7

External links


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  • Melbourne (Florida) — Melbourne Ciudad de los Estados Unidos Centro de Melbourne …   Wikipedia Español

  • Melbourne (Florida) — Dieser Artikel wurde aufgrund von inhaltlichen Mängeln auf der Qualitätssicherungsseite des Projektes USA eingetragen. Hilf mit, die Qualität dieses Artikels auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen, und beteilige dich an der Diskussion! …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melbourne High School (Melbourne, Florida) — Melbourne High School Location Melbourne, Florida, USA …   Wikipedia

  • Aeropuerto Internacional de Melbourne (Florida) — Para el aeropuerto de la ciudad de Melbourne, Australia; véase Aeropuerto de Melbourne Aeropuerto Internacional de Melbourne Melbourne International Airport …   Wikipedia Español

  • West Melbourne (Florida) — West Melbourne Ciudad de los Estados Unidos Lema: Creating New Horizons …   Wikipedia Español

  • West Melbourne, Florida — Infobox Settlement official name = West Melbourne, Florida other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = City motto = Creating New HorizonsCity of West Melbourne. Inviting All Citizens , The Sun Newsletter , Vol. 4, Issue 1, First… …   Wikipedia

  • Crane Creek (Melbourne, Florida) — Crane Creek Crane Creek Crane Creek Promenade Origin Melbourne, Florida Mouth Indian River …   Wikipedia

  • Ballard Park (Melbourne, Florida) — Infobox park park= Ballard Park image size= 300px caption= Ballard Park entrance type= Public park location= 924 Thomas Barbour Drive Melbourne, Florida coordinates= size= 10 acresCity of Melbourne, Parks Division.… …   Wikipedia

  • Airport Museum (Melbourne, Florida) — Infobox Museum name= Airport Museum imagesize= 300 map type= latitude= longitude= established= location= Melbourne International Airport One Air Terminal Parkway Melbourne, Florida type= History visitors= director= curator= publictransit= website …   Wikipedia

  • Holy Trinity Episcopal Church Parish (Melbourne, Florida) — Parish church name = Holy Trinity Episcopal Church 50 West Strawbridge Avenue Melbourne, Florida dedication = Holy Trinity denomination = Episcopal tradition = parish = Holy Trinity deanery = archdeaconry = diocese = Central Florida province = IV …   Wikipedia


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