Loreto, Baja California Sur


Loreto, Baja California Sur

:"For other uses, see Loreto."

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Loreto
other_name =
native_name =
nickname =
settlement_type = Town
motto =


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image_shield = Loreto escudo de armas.jpg
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Baja California Sur
subdivision_type2 = Municipality
subdivision_name2 = Loreto
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =Mayor
leader_name =Yuan Yee Cunningham
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
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established_title = Founded
established_date = October 25, 1697 (Juan María de Salvatierra SJ)
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population_as_of =2005
population_footnotes =
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population_total =10283
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population_blank1_title =Demonym
population_blank1 =Loretano
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timezone = MST
utc_offset = -7
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
latd=26 |latm=00 |lats=46 |latNS=N
longd=111 |longm=20 |longs=36 |longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 10
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code =23880
area_code =613
blank_name =
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blank1_info =
website = [http://www.loreto.gob.mx www.loreto.gob.mx]
footnotes =

Loreto (or Conchó) was the first Spanish settlement on the Baja California Peninsula. It served as the capital of Las Californias from 1697 to 1777, and is the current seat of the municipality of Loreto in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. The city of 10,283 people (2005 census) is located on the coast of the Sea of Cortés, about 350 km (220 miles) north of the state capital, La Paz.

The town was founded in 1697 by Jesuit missionaries. The Misión Nuestra Señora de Loreto was founded in the town in 1752. The town served as the capital of the province of Las Californias from its founding until the capital was moved to Monterey on February 3, 1777. The town then became the headquarters for the Lieutenant Governor of California Viejo (later the province of Baja California).

The city is now a tourist resort, catering mostly to U.S. travelers, with daily flights from the U.S. state of California arriving at Loreto International Airport. Many of the American Tourists enjoy fishing in "pangas" for "dorado" (Mahi-mahi or Dolphin Fish). Local restaurants will even prepare the daily catch of the tourists. Loreto has an excellent museum alongside the historic, but still active, parish. The Spanish Fathers found a steady spring of fresh water on this site. The city has an active sister city relationship with Hermosa Beach, California and Cerritos, California, USA.

Geography

Loreto is located on the east coast of the Baja California Peninsula, at 26º00'46" N 111º20'36" W. The town area is bordered to the East side by the Gulf of California, on the West by the Transpeninsular Highway and on the South side by the Arroyo Loreto, a dry creek bed that only fills with water after a heavy rainfall. The city is built on relatively flat land; the average elevation is m to ft|10 above sea level. To the west of the city area is located the “La Giganta” Mountain Range (“Sierra de la Giganta”), which extends along the center of the state of Baja California Sur, parallel to the gulf coast.

As for the geology and topography of the Loreto region (from Bahía Concepción to Agua Verde), it’s described by Paul J. Umhoefer as coastal belt that “consists mainly of a narrow belt of ridges, valleys, and pediments adjacent to the escarpment, low- to moderate-elevation ranges transverse to the coast, and narrow coastal plains” (description made in his complete study about the geology of the Loreto region, publicated by the Geological Society of America Bulletin). [ cite journal
quotes =
author = Paul J. Umhoefer et.al.
date =
year = 2002
month = July
title = Evolution of the margin of the Gulf of California near Loreto, Baja California Peninsula, Mexico
journal = Geological Society of America Bulletin
volume =
issue =
pages =
doi =
id =
url = http://www.uoregon.edu/~rdorsey/Downloads/UmhoeferEtal2002.pdf
language =
format = pdf
accessdate = 2007-01-23
]

Climate

Loreto’s climate is hot and humid, with abundant sunshine (desert with some rainfalls in summer). The medium temperature is convert|24.4|°C|°F|0. [ [http://mapserver.inegi.gob.mx/geografia/espanol/estados/bcs/tem_med_an2.cfm?c=449&e=03&CFID=1593839&CFTOKEN=76654049 Aspectos geográficos de BCS. Temperatura media anual] , INEGI ] The temperatures are hot from June through October. These summer days have highs around convert|34|°C|°F|0 and high humidity. According to the National Meteorological Service ( [http://smn.cna.gob.mx/ Servicio Metereológico Nacional] ) Loreto's highest official temperature reading of convert|39|°C|°F|0 was recorded on August 1965; the lowest temperature ever recorded was convert|5.4|°C|°F|0 in January 1971. [ cite paper
author =Servicio Metereológico Nacional.
title =Normales Climatológicas 1961-1990. Estación: 00003035 Loreto
version =
publisher =
date =
url =http://smn.cna.gob.mx/productos/normales/estacion/bcs/NOR03035.TXT
format =
accessdate =
] On spring season, the temperatures are moderate and template. Autumn and winter months are usually windy. Infobox Weather
metric_first=Yes
single_line=
location =Loreto, Baja California Sur
Jan_Hi_°C =23.3 |Jan_REC_Hi_°C =
Feb_Hi_°C =24.5 |Feb_REC_Hi_°C =
Mar_Hi_°C =25.7 |Mar_REC_Hi_°C =
Apr_Hi_°C =28.2 |Apr_REC_Hi_°C =
May_Hi_°C =31.2 |May_REC_Hi_°C =
Jun_Hi_°C =34.2 |Jun_REC_Hi_°C =
Jul_Hi_°C =35.4 |Jul_REC_Hi_°C =
Aug_Hi_°C = 35.9 |Aug_REC_Hi_°C =
Sep_Hi_°C = 35.4 |Sep_REC_Hi_°C =
Oct_Hi_°C = 33.0 |Oct_REC_Hi_°C =
Nov_Hi_°C = 28.2 |Nov_REC_Hi_°C =
Dec_Hi_°C = 24.7 |Dec_REC_Hi_°C =
Year_Hi_°C =30 |Year_REC_Hi_°C =
Jan_Lo_°C =9.8 |Jan_REC_Lo_°C =
Feb_Lo_°C = 9.9 |Feb_REC_Lo_°C =
Mar_Lo_°C = 11.0 |Mar_REC_Lo_°C =
Apr_Lo_°C = 12.9 |Apr_REC_Lo_°C =
May_Lo_°C =16.2 |May_REC_Lo_°C =
Jun_Lo_°C = 20.5 |Jun_REC_Lo_°C =
Jul_Lo_°C = 24.6 |Jul_REC_Lo_°C =
Aug_Lo_°C =24.9 |Aug_REC_Lo_°C =
Sep_Lo_°C = 23.9 |Sep_REC_Lo_°C =
Oct_Lo_°C = 19.7 |Oct_REC_Lo_°C =
Nov_Lo_°C = 14.3 |Nov_REC_Lo_°C =
Dec_Lo_°C =11.5 |Dec_REC_Lo_°C =
Year_Lo_°C = 16.6 |Year_REC_Lo_°C =

Jan_Precip_cm =11.3 |Jan_Precip_mm =
Feb_Precip_cm =5.6 |Feb_Precip_mm =
Mar_Precip_cm =1.9 |Mar_Precip_mm =
Apr_Precip_cm =0.0 |Apr_Precip_mm =
May_Precip_cm =0.3 |May_Precip_mm =
Jun_Precip_cm = 0.0 |Jun_Precip_mm =
Jul_Precip_cm =7.8 |Jul_Precip_mm =
Aug_Precip_cm =36.8 |Aug_Precip_mm =
Sep_Precip_cm =41.5 |Sep_Precip_mm =
Oct_Precip_cm = 15.5 |Oct_Precip_mm =
Nov_Precip_cm =8.9 |Nov_Precip_mm =
Dec_Precip_cm =13.1 |Dec_Precip_mm =
Year_Precip_cm =11.89 |Year_Precip_mm =
source =Servicio Metereológico Nacional. Normales Climatológicas 1961-1990cite web
url =http://smn.cna.gob.mx/productos/normales/estacion/bcs/NOR03035.TXT | title =Servicio Metereológico Nacional. Normales Climatológicas 1961-1990 | accessmonthday = | accessyear =
publisher = | language =
]
accessdate = January 2007

From January to March, winds blow from the NW (night hours) and the North (day hours), the rest of the year, the winds blow usually from the West. [ cite paper
author =
title = Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México
version =
publisher =Secretaría de Gobernación
date =
url =http://www.e-local.gob.mx/work/templates/enciclo/bajasur/municipios/03009a.htm
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-10
] [ cite paper
author =Pam Bolles
title = What's the weather going to be like tomorrow?"
version =
publisher =The Baja Big Fish Company Loreto
date =
url =http://www.bajabigfish.com/nortes.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-23
] Loreto's yearly precipitation is low; averages about cm to in|11.89. The wettest months are August and September, when there are occasional short-lived rainfalls. One concern for Loreto is the Pacific hurricane season, which runs from June 1 to November 30, and some times causes heavy rainfall and floods in the area. The last time the town area had a hit by a hurricane was in September 2nd and 3rd 2006, when the hurricane John hit the Baja California Peninsula. [ cite paper
author =Alberto Hernández Unzón.
title =Resumen del huracán "John" del Océano Pacífico
version =
publisher =Comisión Nacional del Agua
date=September 2006
url =http://smn.cna.gob.mx/ciclones/tempo2006/pacifico/john/john.pdf
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-18
] [ cite paper
author =
title = Hurricane John hits Loreto
version =
publisher =The Baja Big Fish Company Loreto
year = 2006
url =http://www.bajabigfish.com/johnlto.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-23
]

Demographics

According to INEGI, there are 10,283 people, [ [http://www.inegi.gob.mx/est/contenidos/espanol/sistemas/conteo2005/iter2005/consultafiltro.aspx?npag=118 Conteo 2005. Resultados por localidad BCS] . INEGI Retrieved on 2007-03-09.] 2565 households, residing in the city. There are 2565 households, out of which 77.67% are male householders and 22.32% are female householders The population is young, and is spread out with 29.75% from 0 to 14 years of age, 19.19% from 15 to 24, and 6.42% who are 60 years of age or older. For every 100 females there are 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 100.5 males. The Municipality of Loreto (which includes Nopoló, Puerto Escondido, San Javier and the rest of the little villages from the coast and mountains) has a population of 11,839 people.(Source: INEGI. [http://www.inegi.gob.mx/est/contenidos/espanol/proyectos/conteos/conteo2005/ Conteo 2005] )

Loreto has a small population and low immigration. As a result, the presence of large families is very characteristic and repetitive last names can be found frequently among the inhabitants (this phenomena is similar in other state localities). The two largest families are the “Davis”, which predominate in the east of the city, along the beach (in fact, there is a street in the area named after this last name, the “Calle Davis”) and the “Murillo”, which predominate in the South along the Arroyo Loreto, in the neighborhood known as “barrio del Muro” (named after the retaining wall built to hold flood waters from the creek). Other large families are the Amador, the Arce, the Cota, the Higuera, the Romero and the Villalejo. [ "Vid". Francisco Davis Murillo [http://www.paginasprodigy.com/fdavism/ Genealogía Familia Loretana] ]

Culture

There are seven buildings in Loreto from the XVIII to the XX century that are considered “historical monuments” by the federal government, the most important is the Mission of our Lady of Loreto, which is the start of "the royal road" (“el camino real”), an historic corridor that ends in Sonoma USA and follows the ancient route of the Spanish missions. [ cite journal
quotes =
author = Harry Crosby
date =
year = 1977
month =
title = El Camino Real in Baja California: Loreto to San Diego
journal = The Journal of San Diego History
volume = 23
issue =
pages =
doi =
id =
url = http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/77winter/baja.htm
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-18
] [ cite press release
title =Inauguration of the Binational Historic Corridor "El Camino Real Misionero de las Californias"
publisher =California State Parks
date=April 27, 1996
url =http://www.parks.ca.gov/default.asp?page_id=23289
accessdate =2007-01-18
] [ cite press release
title =Camino Real Misionero de las Californias. Proyecto de Recuperación Patrimonial
publisher =Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes
date =July 27, 2001
url =http://www.cnca.gob.mx/cnca/nuevo/2001/diarias/jul/300701/camirea.html
accessdate = 2007-01-18
] In the neighbor town of San Javier are five historical buildings, the most important is the Mission of Saint Francis Xavier (Misión de San Francisco Javier), which is considered the best preserved mission in the peninsula. Twenty kilometers North of Loreto there are ruins of the Mission of San Bruno, the first mission of Baja California, which was founded in 1683, but it would be abandoned two years later.

The Jesuit Missions Museum (“Museo de las Misions Jesuiticas”) is located beside the Mission of our Lady of Loreto. It has a collection of religious art, weapons and tools from the XVII and XVIII centuries that were used in the Spanish missions in Baja California. [ cite paper
author =David Rojas
title = Loreto, Baja California Sur, Museo de las Misiones
version =
publisher =Instituto Cultural "Raices Mexicanas"
date =
url =http://www.folklorico.com/lugares/museo-misiones.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-06-19
]

In the La Giganta Mountain Range there are cave paintings in canyons and rock shelters. The nearest sites to Loreto are “Cuevas Pintas” (15 km to the west) and "La Pingüica" (60 km to the North). [ cite paper
author =
title = Zonas arqueológicas.
version =
publisher =Dirección de Turismo Municipal de Loreto.
date =
url =http://www.turismoloreto.com/zonas%20arqueologicas.htm
format =
accessdate = 2007-06-19
] The cave paintings from the indigenous groups of Baja California are world famous and some of them have been added to UNESCO's list of world heritage sites.

Fishing

Loreto has a reputation as an excellent point for sport fishing. This is its main tourist attraction and the main source for jobs (therefore, Loreto’s economy is linked to fishing). It has two well-know fishing seasons: Summer, distinguished by the “dorado” and other species like marlin (black marlin, Atlantic blue marlin and striped marlin) and sailfish, ideal for the fly fishing techniques; Winter, distinguished by the “yellow tail” (jurel) and other species that usually are deep in the sea rocks. Additionally to the seasonal species, Loreto's waters are home of other species like snapper and seabass, which are found all year long. [ cite paper
author = Gene Kira
title = Loreto Fishing Vacation & Travel Information
version =
publisher =Mexico Fishing News
date =
url =http://www.mexfish.com/lort/lort.htm
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-18
] [ cite paper
author =Pam Bolles
title = Loreto: Alive and Well
version =
publisher =The Baja Big Fish Company Loreto, reedited from Pacific Fisherman Magazine
date = July 1998
url =http://www.bajabigfish.com/pf-anw.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-23
] [ cite paper
author =Mark Malkin
title = Head to Baja’s Loreto for Hot Summer Fishing Action
version =
publisher =BoatersWorld.com
date =
url = http://www.boatersworld.com/static/bwarticles/general/baja-loreto.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-18
] Thanks to this abundance, Loreto has been home of several IGFA records. [ cite paper
author =Pam Bolles
title = IGFA World Record Game Fish taken off Loreto
version =
publisher =The Baja Big Fish Company Loreto
date =
url =http://www.bajabigfish.com/igfarecords.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-01-18
] The two “foundations” of the Loreto’s sport fishing are the “dorado” and the “yellow tail” ("Seriola lalandi dorsalis"). The dorado is the emblematic specie of Loreto, it likes the warm waters, and its season begins in late May, peaks from July to September, and comes to an end in November. Two important tournaments are celebrated within this season in July and September. The yellow tail is one of the strongest species; its season begins in November, peaks from March to April, and comes to an end in late May

Recreation and tourist attractions

There are several beaches in the Loreto area:

* Nopoló.
* Juncalito.
* Ensenada Blanca.
* Agua Verde.
* San Bruno (to the North of town).

Other activities are:

* Diving. Thanks to the good visibility, the warm water (that makes wetsuit not necessary most of the year) and the gulf biodiversity, Loreto offers world class snorkelling and scuba diving.
* Golfing. The Loreto Golf Course is located in Nopoló, 9 km south from the town. It’s a par 72 course with 18 holes and has two artificial lakes.
* Tennis. The Loreto Tennis Center is also located in Nopoló. It has 8 professional courts and a stadium.
* Camping. Loreto offers from full service campsites, as well as deserted beaches.
* Kayaking. There are several companies that offer sea kayak tours.
* Sailing. South of Loreto is Puerto Escondido (now renamed “Puerto Loreto” by the federal government). This port is the seat of the “ [http://www.fonatur.gob.mx/mardecortes/ Sea of Cortez Project] ” (formerly known as [http://www.escaleranautica.com/general2.html Nautical Ladder Plan] ), and is a safe natural harbor surrounded by hills, operated by two government agencies. The [http://www.hiddenportyachtclub.com Hidden Port Yacht Club] is based in this port, it’s an internationally recognized club that is also involved in philanthropic activities.

Education

The city has two public schools of superior studies:

* The [http://www.prodigyweb.net.mx/cren/ Regional Center of Normal Education “Marcelo Rubio Ruiz”] (CREN) is an undergraduate school of education that offers two bachelor degree programs in education and in special education.
* The [http://www.uabcs.mx/ Baja California Sur Autonomous University] campus Loreto (UABCS) offers the bachelor degree in [http://www.uabcs.mx/oferta/aicsh.lta.html alternative tourism] .

High school students (10th to 12th grade) are served by two public schools:

* Centro de Estudios de Bachillerato.
* Preparatoria Federal por cooperación “Manuel Davis Ramírez”.

Middle school students (7th to 9th grade) are served by two public schools:

* Escuela Secundaria Estatal “Benito Juárez”.
* Escuela Secundaria Estatal “Modesto Sánchez Mayón”.

Elementary school students (1st to 6th grade) are served by six public schools and one catholic private school. There are five kindergarten schools. The School Shelter Number 8 ( [http://www.sepbcs.gob.mx/Albergues/Albergues_numero_8.htm Albergue Escolar Número 8 "General Venustiano Carranza"] ) is a shelter for children from the mountains villages who attend school, away from their homes and families. It serves approximately sixty five students.

Events

* Fiestas de la Virgen de Loreto. The Our Lady of Loreto Festivities are celebrated on September 8. It's a series of religious, civic and cultural events.
* Fiestas de la Fundación de Loreto. The foundation of the city is celebrated from October 19 to 25th. It's one of the most important cultural events in the state.
* Fiestas de San Javier. The festivities from December 1 to 3th are in honor of Saint Francis Xavier, patron saint from the neighbor town of San Javier. These festivities attract a lot of pilgrims from the peninsula.
* Loreto 400. An off-road racing event that takes place in September. The course is a classic desert offroad race which route includes Comondú, San Javier and the old towns of La Giganta mountain range.
* Loreto 300 milles. Off-road racing event. December. [cite news
last =
first =
coauthors =
title = Última llamada para pilotos.
work =
pages =
language =
publisher = Esto.
date =10 diciembre 2006.
url =http://www.oem.com.mx/esto/notas/n95946.htm
accessdate = 2007-06-20
] [cite news
last =Pato Rojo
first =
coauthors =
title = Resultados oficiales Loreto 300 millas.
work =
pages =
language =
publisher = Desert Baja
date =10 diciembre 2006.
url =http://www.desertbaja.com/LORETO.htm
accessdate = 2007-06-20
]
* [http://www.fishinforthemission.com Torneo de las Misiones.] Fishing Charity Tournament that started in 1993. The 2007 edition will be July 12th-14th. [cite news
last =Pallesen
first =Kristian
coauthors =
title = Mexico 14th Annual Fishin for the Mission Tournament Report
work =
pages =
language =
publisher = Mexico Fishing News
date =July 18, 2005
url =http://www.mexfish.com/lort/lort2005/lort050725d/lort050725d.htm
accessdate = 2007-01-23
]
* Loreto Dorado International Fishing Tournament. Takes place in July.
* Copa Dorado Tournament. State tournament in September.
* Governor's Cup Fishing Tournament. May

Government

The city of Loreto is the seat of the Municipality of Loreto, which is governed by a democratic elected City Council (Ayuntamiento), which is integrated by the Mayor or Municipal President (Presidente Municipal), the Syndic (Síndico) and six City Councilors (Regidores), for a period of three years with no right to reelection. The Mayor is a voting member of the council, the executor of the determinations of the City Council and the person directly in charge of the public municipal administration (the City Manager figure doesn’t exist in the Mexican city government structure). The Syndic is also a voting member, and is in charge of the legal representation of the council and municipal government, as well as watching the municipal patrimony and the supervision of the public servants conduct (similar to an US Inspector General). The City Councilors analyze the municipality policies and vote the determinations of the council. [ [http://www.loreto.gob.mx/work/resources/LocalContent/15197/1/r_interno.pdf Reglamento Interior de Cabildo] Ayuntamiento de Loreto ] [ [http://www.loreto.gob.mx/work/resources/LocalContent/15197/1/REG_INT_ADMON_PUB.pdf Reglamento Interior de la Administración Pública Municipal] Ayuntamiento de Loreto ] In the communities, the Mayor is represented by twelve sub-delegates (subdelegados), which are designated by the City Council; the twelve sub-delegations are Agua Verde, San Javier , Ligüi, Colonia Zaragoza, San Nicolás, Tembabiche, San Juan Londó, Ensenada Blanca, Alta Gracia, El Guatamote, El Peloteado and Santa Cruz. The current Mayor of Loreto is Professor Yuan Yee Cunningham, and he’ll remain in office until April 2011.

Politics

According to the Federal Electoral Institute, as of February 3, 2008, the Municipality of Loreto had 9,073 registered voters (lista nominal). In Loreto, the main political parties are:

* The conservative National Action Party (PAN), which heads the Municipal and the Federal Governments. Locally, the party was conformed in the early 90’s by small merchants and members from the Cursillos de Cristiandad (a catholic movement), as a political opposition to the then undefeatable PRI.
* The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which ruled the country from 1929 to 2000, and was mainly conformed by public employees and labor union members.
* The left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), which currently heads the State government. The political party gain presence within the State in 1998, when the local PRI suffered an escition of disgusted members, which then changed their political affiliation to the PRD. [ Alfonso Gavito González, [http://www.jornada.unam.mx/1998/09/22/bcs.html Desbandada de priístas en BCS y Quintana Roo tras la elección interna] , "La Jornada", Cd. de México, D.F., September 22, 1998. ]
* The New Alliance Party (PANAL). It's the political organization of the National Education Workers' Union (SNTE), a corporatist union leaded by Elba Esther Gordillo. The party began activities in the municipaly in 2007, when PAN members, including several members of the Davis Family, quit that party and changed their political affiliation to PANAL. In addition, the SNTE provided funds and political activists. [ [http://www.dossierpolitico.com/vernoticiasanteriores.php?artid=26672&relacion=dossierpolitico Desbandada panista en BCS para afiliarse al PANAL] [http://www.dossierpolitico.com Revista Dossier Político] ] [ [http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2008/01/03/index.php?section=estados&article=022n1est El PANAL fortalecido por la fractura perredista] [http://www.jornada.unam.mx La Jornada] ] Loreto politics has two characteristics: a) High participation and b) Differentiated vote. Unlike the rest of the country, Baja California Sur State has a high political participation, and Loreto is the Municipality with the highest participation in the State. The local elections have the highest participation, above the participation in General Elections (Elecciones Federales) for President, Senators and Deputies. On local elections the lowest participation was on 1993 with 48.2%; the highest was on 1996 with 83%. In the last General Election the participation was 62.42%. The differentiated vote means that the citizens’ vote is for the candidate not the political party, choosing different candidates from diverse political affiliation at the same election. As an example of this differentiated vote are the 2005 State and local Election and the 2006 General Election. On February 6th 2005, the citizens of Loreto elected State Governor, Mayor and State Representative: the winning candidates were the PRI candidate Rodimiro Amaya (but he lost the rest of the State), the PAN candidate Rodolfo Davis, and the PRD candidate Antonio Olachea (the current XII District State Representative), that means three different political parties won at the same election day, one for each office disputed. On July 2 2006, the citizens of Loreto elected President, Senators and Deputies: the winning candidates were the PAN candidate Felipe Calderón (the current President), and the PRD candidates Francisco Obregón and Juan Adolfo Orci Martínez (current Senator and Federal Representative). This phenomenon began in 1993, that year the citizens of Loreto elected their first Municipal President (the Municipality was created in 1992) and, for the first time in local history, the PRI was defeated in an election (the PRI won the Governor election, but lost the Municipalities of La Paz, Comondú and Loreto, as well as the State Congress), since that year to 2006, each election has different winners, despite their political affiliation. From 1999 to 2005 even though the PRD had won almost all the local elections across the State, the Loreto Municipality had been won by the PRI or the PAN, while the PRD had won the Governor’s election or the State Representative Election. This change in the local elections on February the 3rd 2008, when the PRD candidates Yuan Yee and Francisco Rubio, won the election for mayor and state representative office. [ [http://www.ife.org.mx/documentos/Estadisticas2006/presidente/3_mpio.html Estadística de las Elecciones Federales de México 2006. Baja California Sur. Elección de Presidente] , Instituto Federal Electoral ] [ [http://www.cidac.org/portaling/modules.php?name=Encyclopedia&op=content&tid=2 Local Election Database. Baja California Sur] [http://www.cidac.org/portaling/ Center of Research for Development] ] [ [http://www.imocorp.com.mx/CAMPO/ZSIEM/ELEC_X_ANIO/RESULTADOSWEB.ASP?IDELECCION=68249&MOSTRAR= SIEM. Sistema Electoral Mexicano. Resultados Baja California Sur] [http://www.imocorp.com.mx/ Instituto de Mercadotecnia y Opinión] ] [ [http://www.ieebcs.org.mx/resultados/resultados.php Resultados Electorales 1998-2005 Baja California Sur] [http://www.ieebcs.org.mx/ Instituto Estatal Electoral de Baja California Sur] ]

2008 mayoral election

In the mayoral election of February the 3th 2008, according to the preliminary results system, the winning candidate was the PRD candidate (and former PAN member), Professor Yuan Yee Cunningham, with 3,569 votes (54.23%); the 2nd place was for the New Alliance Party PANAL candidate (and also a former PAN member) Servando Davis Davis, with 1,552 votes (23.58%); the 3rd and last place was for the PAN and Green Party alliance candidate Carlos Amador (a former Municipal Social Development Secretary with corruption accusations), with 1362 votes (20.70%); the PRI did not present candidate. In the State Representatives election of the same date, the winner was the PRD candidate Professor Francisco Rubio with 3,793 votes (49.97%); the 2nd place was for the PAN candidate Rodolfo Davis Osuna (the current mayor, who left the office temporary in order to run for a seat in the State Assembly) with 1,693 votes (22.30%); the 3rd place was for PANAL candidate Bernabé Quintana with 1,439 votes (18.96%); 4th place was for the PRI candidate with 491 votes (6.47%). [ [http://www.prep.com.mx/ Programa de Resultados Electorales Preliminares] [http://www.ieebcs.org.mx Instituto Estatal Electoral de Baja California Sur] ] [ [http://www.ieebcs.org.mx/otros/lista_candidatos_loreto.pdf Lista de candidatos a miembros del Ayuntamiento del Municipio de Loreto] [http://www.ieebcs.org.mx Instituto Estatal Electoral de Baja California Sur] ] [ [http://www.oem.com.mx/elsudcaliforniano/notas/n582349.htm Loreto se pintó de amarillo; participación electoral histórida] [http://www.elsudcaliforniano.com.mx] ]

Local Media

The city has one local radio station, XHLBS 92.5 FM “Estéreo Loreto”, that plays popular music and offers local news.

Trivia

Loreto was the setting for the 7th season finale of ABC reality TV show "The Bachelor”, aired May 16, 2005. [ cite paper
author =
title = CRM3 Delivers ABC's 'The Bachelor' to Loreto Bay.
version =
publisher =Site Seed.
date =
url =http://www.siteseek.com/Start/Arts_and_Humanities/Television/Programs/Comedy/Sitcoms/Less_Than_Perfect/Programs-Comedy-Sitcoms-Less-Than-Perfect.html
format =
accessdate = 2007-06-19
]

Further reading

* Ann O’Neil and Don O’Neil (2001), " [http://www.amazon.ca/dp/0970854102 Loreto, Baja California: First Mission and Capital of Spanish California] ", Tio Press, ISBN 0970854102.
* Alan Axelrod, David Axelrod and Aaron Bodansky (2007), " [http://www.bestguideloreto.com Best Guide: Loreto] ", Loreto, Baja California Sur, Mexico; ISBN 0970045584.
* Brett Alan Wyatt (2005), " [http://www.rileybooks.com/html/loreto_travel_guide.html You Decide Travel Guide:Loreto] ", Riley Books, ISBN 0970889852.
* [http://www.isla.org.mx/ Conservación del Territorio Insular Mexicano, A.C.] , " [http://www.isla.org.mx/documentos/estudio%20de%20agua%20verde.doc Estudio socioeconómico de las comunidades costeras El Juncalito, Ligui, Ensenada Blanca y Agua Verde, Municipio de Loreto, B.C.S.]
* Miguel León-Portilla (1997), "Loreto's key role in the early history of the Californias (1697-1773)", California Mission Studies Association, OCLC 37842990.
* Paul Ganster, Oscar Arizpe and Antonina Ivanova (2007), "Loreto - The future of the first capital of the Californias", ISBN 9780925613523
* Sergio Morales Polo (1993), "Loreto : some relevant facts about the history of the keystone of California culture", Editorial Londó, OCLC 39034134.
* [http://www.anthro.ucsd.edu/~npeterso/ Nicole Dyan Peterson] (2005), [http://www.anthro.ucsd.edu/~npeterso/PhDAbstract.htm Casting a wide net decision-making in a Mexican marine park] , Ph.D. dissertation, UCSD, OCLC: 64507505.
* "Loreto: Baja California, Mexico fishing chart and guide" (1999), [http://www.bajadirections.com/ Baja "Directions", Inc.] , ISBN 1929394055 9781929394050.

References

* [http://www.inegi.gob.mx/est/contenidos/espanol/sistemas/conteo2005/localidad/iter/ Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005] INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática

Morales Polo, Sergio, "THE MISSION OF SAN JAVIER". A beautiful link of Jesuit Missions chain in the Royal Road of the Californias. Edit. Londó, México 2007

External links

* [http://www.ecoalianzaloreto.org Loreto Eco-Alliance] Non-profit organization of environmental organizations and individuals committed to working collaboratively to protect and preserve the coastal, marine and terrestrial eco-systems of the Municipality of Loreto
* [http://www.loretoinsider.com Guide to Loreto] Loreto attractions, tourist information, activities
* [http://www.youdecidetravelguide.com Baja Travel Guide] Loreto online trip planner to help decide your next vacation.
* [http://www.gotoloreto.com Loreto Hotel Association] Loreto transportation and accommodations.
* [http://www.conanp.gob.mx/anp/pagina.php?id_anp=38 Parque Nacional Bahia de Loreto] Loreto Bay National Park Official Page.
* [http://www.futurosalternativosloreto.org/index.htm Futuros Alternativos Loreto] Strategic planning study for the Greater Loreto region.
* [http://www.geantares.org.mx Grupo Ecologista Antares] Non-profit association committed to conservation of nature and sustainable development in the Loreto region.
* [http://www.loreto.gob.mx Loreto Official website]
* [http://www.fonatur.gob.mx/indexloreto.html FONATUR Loreto Touristic Project]
* [http://www.turismoloreto.com/ Dirección de Turismo Municipal de Loreto] Loreto Tourism Office.
* [http://www.prodigyweb.net.mx/cren/ CREN "Marcelo Rubio Ruiz"] Loreto school of education.
* [http://www.animalandia.org Animalandia] A non-profit organization that applies spay and neuter programs.
* [http://www.fishinforthemission.com/ Fishing for the Mission Tournament]
* [http://www.hiddenportyachtclub.com/ Hidden Port Yacht Club]
* [http://www.bajabigfish.com/ The Baja Big Fish Company Loreto] Information about sportfishing, weather and local news.
* [http://www.oem.com.mx/elsudcaliforniano/loreto.aspx El Sudcaliforniano Newspaper] Local news.
* [http://www.loretanos.com/ Loretanos] Local people pictures and articles.
* [http://www.esmexico.com/fotografias/areas.php?len=en&Estado=Baja%20California%20Sur&Area=Loreto esmexico.com] Loreto photos
*

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