Cat pheromone

Cat pheromones are pheromones that are used by cats and other felides for cat communication.

Feline facial pheromone

Feline facial pheromone is a hypothetical pheromone used by cats to mark places, objects, and persons as familiar by rubbing their face on surfaces. It is currently not known if there actually exists a "feline facial pheromone" and what its chemical structure is.

Feliway(trademark)

A preparation that claims to contain or to mimic the feline facial pheromone is commercially available under the name "Feliway"

"Cat attractants"

Cat attractants are odorants and constituents of essential oils that have an apparent effect on cat behavior. A cat presented with a cat attractant may roll in it, paw at it, or chew on the source of the smell. The effect is usually relatively short, lasting for only a few minutes after which the cats have a refractory period during which the response cannot be elicited. After 30 minutes to two hours, susceptible cats gain interest again. These compounds might mimic the feline facial pheromone.

The volatile chemicals that are currently known to cause these behavioral effects in cats are actinidine from "Valeriana officinalis", nepetalactone from "Nepeta" (catnip), dihydronepetalactone, neonepetalactone, isodihydronepetalactone, epinepetalactone, boschnialactone, boschniakine, dihydroactinidiolide, actinidiolide, iridomyrmecin, (-)-mitsugashiwalactone, and onikulactone [http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1559795&blobtype=pdf Essential oil of Actinidia macrosperma, a catnip response kiwi endemic to China] J. Zhejiang Univ. SCIENCE B 2006 7(9):708-712] Catnip and the catnip response. Tucker, A. O. and Tucker, S. S. "Economic Botany", 42:214-231 (1988)] .

Cat urine odorants

Cat urine, especially that of male cats, contains the putative cat pheromone 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol (MMB), a compound that gives cat urine its typical odor. The MMB precursor felinine is synthesized in the urine from 3-methylbutanol-cysteinylglycine (3-MBCG) by the excreted peptidase cauxin. Felinine then slowly degrades into the volatile MMB.cite journal
author = M. Miyazaki, T. Yamashita, Y. Suzuki, Y. Saito, S. Soeta, H. Taira, and A. Suzuki
year = 2006
month = October
title = A major urinary protein of the domestic cat regulates the production of felinine, a putative pheromone precursor
journal = Chem. Biol.
volume = 13
issue = 10
pages = 1071–1079
pmid = 17052611
doi = 10.1016/j.chembiol.2006.08.013
format = pdf
]

Cat urine smell is highly aversive to rats and mice, but after infection with the parasite "Toxoplasma gondii", they are attracted by it, highly increasing the likelihood of being predated and of infecting the cat.cite journal
author = M Berdoy, J P Webster, and D W Macdonald
year = 2000
title = Fatal attraction in rats infected with "Toxoplasma gondii"
journal = Proc. Biol. Sci.
volume = 267
issue = 1452
pages = 1591–1594
pmid = 11007336
doi = 10.1098/rspb.2000.1182
url = http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1690701
]

See also

* Pheromone

External links

* [http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX=GR3032140T&F=0&RPN=US5709863&DOC=dcb65d04ab6725dc9c5b18d29a52f9c970&QPN=US5709863 Patent US5709863] Properties of cats' facial pheromones
* [http://www.how-to-clean-cat-urine.co.uk/ How to Avoid Cat Urine in your House]
* [http://www.wihumane.org/education/WisconsinHumaneSociety-Catspraying.aspx How can I prevent my cat from spraying?]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cat — For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). Domestic cat[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Pheromone — Fanning honeybee exposes Nasonov gland (white at tip of abdomen) releasing pheromone to entice swarm into an empty hive A pheromone (from Greek φ …   Wikipedia

  • Cat communication — A primary method by which cats communicate is through body language, such as the position of the ears. Cat communication is the range of methods by which cats communicate with other cats, humans, and other animals. Communication methods include… …   Wikipedia

  • Felinine — chembox new ImageFile=Felinine chemical structure.png ImageSize=200px IUPACName=(2 R ) 2 Amino 3 [(3 hydroxy 1,1 dimethylpropyl)thio] propanoic acid OtherNames= Section1=Chembox Identifiers CASNo=471 09 0 PubChem=164607 SMILES=CC(C)(CCO)SC [C@@H] …   Wikipedia

  • 3-Mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol — chembox new Reference= [ [http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search/ProductDetail/ALDRICH/W385409?cm mmc=PubChem public%20database products products 3 Mercapto 3 methylbutan 1 ol] at Sigma Aldrich] ImageFile=3 mercapto 3 methylbutan 1 ol.png… …   Wikipedia

  • Cauxin — is a peptidase that is excreted in large amounts in cat urine. Cauxine has been shown to hydrolyze 3 methylbutanol cysteinylglycine (3 MBCG) in the urine into felinine which then slowly degrades into the putative cat pheromone 3 mercapto 3… …   Wikipedia

  • Nepeta cataria — Catnip redirects here. For other uses, see Catnip (disambiguation). Nepeta cataria Catnip Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Major urinary proteins — Tertiary structure of a mouse major urinary protein. The protein has eight beta sheets (yellow) arranged in a beta barrel open at one end, with alpha helices (red) at both the amino and carboxyl termini. The structure is resolved from Protein… …   Wikipedia

  • chemoreception — chemoreceptive /kee moh ri sep tiv, kem oh /, adj. /kee moh ri sep sheuhn, kem oh /, n. the physiological response to chemical stimuli. [1915 20; CHEMO + RECEPTION] * * * Sensory process by which organisms respond to external chemical stimuli, by …   Universalium

  • List of Alice Academy characters — The following is a list of characters from the anime and manga series, Alice Academy ( Gakuen Alice ). Note: Names are all in Western order (given name before surname). tudents of Elementary School DivisionMikan Sakura*Nicknames: Polka dots,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.