Town of Manchester — Town —
Nickname(s): Silk City Motto: City of Village Charm Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: Coordinates: Country United States State Connecticut NECTA Hartford–West Hartford–East Hartford Region Capitol Region Founded 1672 Incorporated 1823 Government - Type Council–manager - General Manager Scott Shanley - Board of Directors Leo V. Diana (D), Mayor ~ Mark Tweedie (R) ~ Susan Holmes (R) ~ Lisa Paggioli O'Neill (D) Cheri Ann Pelletier (R) ~ Rudy C. Kissmann (D) ~ Steve Gates (D) ~ John Topping (D) ~ Jay Moran (D) Area - Total 27.7 sq mi (71.7 km2) - Land 27.3 sq mi (70.6 km2) - Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2) Elevation 272 ft ((at Town Hall)
Population (2010) - Total 58,241 - Density 2,133/sq mi (825/km2) Time zone EST (UTC-5) - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4) ZIP codes 06040 06041 06042 06043 06045 Area code(s) 860 FIPS code 09-44700 GNIS feature ID 208693 Website http://www.townofmanchester.org
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Emergency services
- 5 Politics
- 6 Education
- 7 Media
- 8 Places and events of interest
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Sports
- 11 Notable people, past and present
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Manchester was settled by colonists around 1672 as a farming community, although at the time it was known just as Orford Parish (the name that can be found on the memorial to the revolutionary soldiers from the town. The many rivers and brooks provided power for paper, lumber and textile industries, and the town quickly evolved into an industrial center. The town of Hartford once included the land now occupied by the towns of Manchester, East Hartford, and West Hartford. In 1783, East Hartford became a separate town, which included Manchester in its city limits until 1823.
In 1838, the Cheney family started what became the world's largest silk mill. Eventually, Manchester became an ideal industrial community. The mills, houses of the owners, and homes of the workers are now part of the Cheney Brothers Historic District, a National Historic Landmark.
Also of note are the E.E. Hilliard Company Woolen Mills. Founded ca. 1780 by Aaron Buckland and later sold to the Hilliard family. The Hilliard Mills are the oldest woolen mill site in the country.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.7 square miles (71.7 km²), of which, 27.3 square miles (70.6 km²) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.1 km²) of it (1.52%) is water.
Historical population of
2000 54,740 2010 58,241
As of the census of 2000, there were 54,740 people, 23,197 households, and 14,010 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,008.2 people per square mile (775.4/km²). There were 24,256 housing units at an average density of 889.9 per square mile (343.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.77% White, 8.42% African American, 0.20% Native American, 3.15% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.12% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.54% of the population.
There were 23,197 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the town the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $49,426, and the median income for a family was $58,769. Males had a median income of $41,893 versus $32,562 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,989. About 6.0% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.
Ambulance Service of Manchester, LLC
The Ambulance Service of Manchester, LLC or ASM is a private company that operates out of a station on New State Road in Manchester. ASM provides Basic Life Support level transport service to the town of Manchester as well as Advanced Life Support level back-up when the fire department paramedics are tied up on other calls. Emergency medical care is primarily provided by the fire departments with patient transport services being provided the Ambulance Service of Manchester.
The Town of Manchester Fire-Rescue-EMS Department was organized in 1897 after a fire destroyed the Weldon business block. It is a full time career department that operates out 5 fire stations, staffing three engines, two quints, a paramedic rescue vehicle (fly-car), and a shift commander vehicle. All five companies provides a range of services including fire suppression, fire prevention, rescue, hazardous material response, and Advanced Life Support (paramedic level) medical care.
Manchester Fire Department-Eighth Utilities District
The Manchester Fire Department-Eighth Utilities District is a combination paid and volunteer fire department, established in 1888 as a separate fire department within the northwest corner of the town. It is not affiliated with the town and is governed by the board of directors of the Eighth Utilities District, which is a separate taxation district. Two firefighters are on duty Monday-Friday, 6am to 6pm, and one Firefighter is on duty on the weekends, from 6am to 6pm. Volunteers provide coverage during the remaining times and whenever available. The department provides fire suppression, fire prevention, rescue, hazardous material response, and Basic Life Support (EMT level) medical care
Manchester's police department was established in 1896. It is located at 239 East Middle Turnpike and is staffed by approximately 120 officers who serve and protect the community. Chief Marc Montminy has served in the department since 1989, starting out as a patrol officer.
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005 Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage Democratic 10,612 584 11,196 33.86% Republican 6,249 374 6,623 20.03% Unaffiliated 14,150 1,069 15,219 46.03% Minor Parties 25 2 27 0.08% Total 31,036 2,029 33,065 100%
- Manchester High School (public)
- Manchester Community College, a two-year community college
- East Catholic High School
- Howell Cheney Technical High School
- Great Path Academy
- Cornerstone Christian School
Manchester is also served by two magnet schools located in East Hartford:
- Two Rivers Magnet Middle School, grades 6-8
- Connecticut International Baccalaureate Academy, an International Baccalaureate high school
Manchester is home to a local newspaper, the Journal Inquirer, which serves all of Manchester and the surrounding areas. The Hartford Courant also has a facility in Manchester, and can be delivered anywhere in town.
Places and events of interest
Manchester is known for The Shoppes at Buckland Hills, an enclosed shopping mall, The Plaza at Buckland Hills and the nearby strip mall, Buckland Plaza. In the last decade, the area surrounding the mall, which extends into the town of South Windsor, has been blanketed with numerous big box shopping outlets and plazas and quickly transformed into a shopping hub for the state's residents.
Once a center of the silk industry in America from the late 19th through the mid-20th century, the Cheney Brothers Historic District showcases mills refurbished as apartments and includes nearby museums.
The city has four museums:
The Fire Museum is housed in a restored 1901 firehouse building. The museum's firefighting equipment and memorabilia include leather fire buckets used in Colonial times, a display showing the evolution of sprinkler systems, a horse-drawn hose wagon, a 1921 Ahrens-Fox fire pumper, and a 105-foot 1911 water tower.
The Lutz Children's Museum has participatory exhibits covering art, history, science, nature and ethnology. The museum's permanent collection includes small live animals.
The Old Manchester Museum, focusing on local history, is operated by the Manchester Historical Society. Permanent exhibits include the Manchester Sports Hall of Fame, Cheney Textiles, Pitkin Glass Works, Christopher Spencer and examples of Spencer Repeating Rifles. 
The Cheney Homestead Museum, an eighteenth century house of the founders of the Cheney Brothers Silk Company. On exhibit are examples of period furniture and artwork. Also on site is the one-room Keeney Schoolhouse dating from 1751.
Wickham Park, a non-profit private foundation is located on Manchester and East Hartford property. The 53-acre (210,000 m2) Oak Grove Nature Center has wildlife habitats. Case Mountain Recreational Area, located in the less populated southeast corner of Manchester, is popular for hiking, mountain biking, and has a great view of the Hartford skyline to the west.
Manchester is famous for its popular Manchester Road Race which is held every Thanksgiving Day. The race has over 10,000 participants yearly, including runners from around the world, as well as thousands of spectators. For New Englanders, it is second in popularity only to the Boston Marathon. The annual auto show is also gaining more popularity every year.
Manchester is also home to Shady Glen, a long-established restaurant known widely for its classic American fare of cheeseburgers and ice cream.
Manchester Memorial Hospital is located in the city.
Manchester has more than 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) of park land, a range of housing styles and prices in attractive neighborhoods, performing arts organizations, libraries and friendly, community-spirited residents.
Manchester has parts of three interstate highways located within its borders.
- Interstate 84 runs East/West in the Northern section of town between the borders of East Hartford and Vernon.
- Interstate 384 spurs from I-84 in the Western section of Manchester and runs the width of town in the East/West direction to the Bolton town line.
- Interstate 291 spurs from I-84 in the Western section of town and runs Northwest to the South Windsor border.
All three interstates share a complicated interchange near the town's border with East Hartford.
The U.S. Highways Route 6 & Route 44 together constitute Manchester's principal East/West arterial.
Route 44 enters town from the West at the border with East Hartford on West Middle Turnpike. Less than a mile from the town line, Route 44 is joined by Route 6 which enters Manchester concurrently with I-84. Routes 6 & 44 run concurrently through town along West Middle Turnpike, Center St., East Center St., East Middle Turnpike, and New Bolton Rd. The Routes exit town to the East at the Bolton town line.
Connecticut state highways
- Connecticut Route 30 is an East/West arterial in the Northern section of town. Route 30 enters town from South Windsor as Deming St. Then as Tolland Turnpike, it junctions with and runs concurrently with Route 83 to the Vernon town line.
- Connecticut Route 83 is Manchester's principal North/South arterial. Starting as South Main St. at the Southern border with Glastonbury, Route 83 becomes Main St. through the center of town, then turns East for 350 yards as North Main St., turns North again as Oakland St., then finally combines with Route 30 at Tolland Turnpike and exits town at the Vernon line.
- Hartford-Brainard Airport is located in Hartford's south end, approximately a ten to fifteen minute drive from most parts of town.
- Bradley International Airport, Connecticut's principal commercial aviation airport, is located in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, about a fifteen to twenty minute drive from Manchester.
Manchester has several on and off-road bicycle routes. The two most popular routes are the Charter Oak Greenway and the Hop River State Park Trail. Portions of each of those routes have been designated as parts of the East Coast Greenway.
Team Sport Website League Championships Venue Manchester Cricket Club Cricket www.manchestercricketclub.com BAAC Cricket Tournament Champions - 2009, 2010 and 2011; runners up - 2008 Manchester Cricket Club Ground, Martin School
Notable people, past and present
- Astrid Allwyn, 1930s movie actress
- Geno Auriemma, head coach of UConn women's basketball team 
- Dr. Dick Berggren, motorsport announcer and magazine editor
- Daniel C. Burbank, NASA astronaut
- Chris Clark, currently plays for the Columbus Blue Jackets of the NHL (grew up in South Windsor, but was born at Manchester Memorial Hospital).
- Anthony Galla-Rini, accordionist
- Mary Ann Handley, Connecticut state senator
- Jay Johnstone, former professional baseball player and commentator
- Larry Lisciotti, professional pool player
- Emily Cheney Neville, author
- Fred Norris, The Howard Stern Show cast member and sound effects maestro
- Frederick Walker Pitkin, governor of Colorado from 1879 to 1883
- Alan Sandals, former candidate for Democratic nomination for the 2006 Pennsylvania U.S. Senate race
- Dorian Shainin (lived in Manchester until his death in 2000 ), quality/reliability engineer and consultant
- Kory Sheets, is an American football running back for the Miami Dolphins of the NFL.
- Christopher Spencer (born in Manchester and worked for Cheney Brothers), inventor of Spencer repeating rifle
- Jane Cheney Spock (born in Manchester), first wife of Dr. Benjamin Spock
- Dana White, president of the Ultimate Fighting Championship
- 2010 Connecticut workplace shooting
- East Catholic High School - Private Catholic high school.
- Howell Cheney Technical High School
- Journal Inquirer - Manchester-based newspaper serving north-central and northeastern Connecticut.
- Lutz Children's Museum
- Manchester Community College - Largest community college in the Connecticut system.
- Manchester High School
- Manchester Memorial Hospital
- Manchester Road Race - Annual road race dating back to 1927, with at least 9,000 participants every year since 1991.
- Manchester Silkworms
- Shady Glen
- The Hilliard Mills - Oldest woolen mill site in the country.
- The Shoppes at Buckland Hills
- Truth Serum - An Eisner-nominated comic which takes place in Manchester
- Wickham Park
- ^ U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
- ^ 
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Goodwin, Joseph Olcott (1879). East Hartford: Its History and Traditions. Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood, and Brainard Co.
- ^ 
- ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 25, 2005" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. http://web.archive.org/web/20060923151511/http://www.sots.ct.gov/ElectionsServices/lists/2005OctRegEnrollStats.pdf. Retrieved 2006-10-02.
- ^ ManchesterHistory.org
- ^ Fire Museum website, retrieved October 12, 2011
- ^ a b Connecticut, Massachusetts & Rhode Island Tourbook 2007 Edition. (2007) pp 58-59. AAA Publishing, Heathrow, Florida
- ^ Manchester Historical Society website, retrieved October 12, 2011
- ^ Cheney Homestead website, retrieved October 12, 2011
- ^ Keeney Schoolhouse website, retrieved October 12, 2011
- ^ King, Peter; One Fine Day- Aggravating/Enjoyable Travel Note of the Week; Monday Morning Quarterback December 2, 2002; Sports Illustrated Online; retrieved December 29, 2006
- ^ a b c Google Map of Manchester
- ^ Connecticut Transit Hartford Routes & Schedules; Updated November 20, 2006
- ^ Connecticut Southern Railroad Railmap; Railamerica.com
- ^ Connecticut Department of Transportation Index to Trails in Connecticut by Town
- ^ Manchester Cricket Club official sports website, Manchester, Connecticut
- Town of Manchester official website
- Downtown Special Services District
- Greater Manchester Chamber of Commerce
- Manchester Area Conference of Churches
- Manchester Historical Society website
- 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article on Manchester, Connecticut:
- Text from www.1911encyclopedia.org
State of Connecticut Hartford (capital) Topics Regions Counties Cities Places Municipalities and communities of Hartford County, Connecticut Cities Towns
Avon | Berlin | Bloomfield | Burlington | Canton | East Granby | East Hartford | East Windsor | Enfield | Farmington | Glastonbury | Granby | Hartland | Manchester | Marlborough | Newington | Plainville | Rocky Hill | Simsbury | South Windsor | Southington | Suffield | West Hartford | Wethersfield | Windsor Locks | Windsor
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