The Occident and American Jewish Advocate
The Occident (1843-1869), was the first general Jewish periodical published in the United States. (The only earlier periodical, Solomon Henry Jackson's The Jew was published as an anti-missionary journal).
Compiled by Rabbi Isaac Leeser from inception through 1868, in 1869 the publication was edited by Mayer Sulzberger. (Sulzberger, a successful attorney was a disciple of Leeser's in his youth. Leeser hoped Sulzberger would enter the rabbinate, but Sulzberger chose a career in law instead, but pledged to Leeser that he would edit the Occident for a year, which he fulfilled after Leeser's death.)
A monthly publication, the Occident did print weekly from April 1859 - March 1861 until returning to the monthly format. It contained a broad array of contents, including sermons, obituaries, juvenile literature, scholarly research, theology, spiritual poetry, domestic and foreign news of Jewish interest, resolutions adopted by congregations and organizations, book reviews and correspondence. The Occident is one of the most important records of American Jewish life in the middle decades of the nineteenth century.
Over ten years worth of this news monthly have been transcribed and are available for reading online.
- Goldman, Yosef, Hebrew Printing in America, YGBooks 2006.
- Jewish Encyclopedia entry for The Occident and American Jewish Advocate
- Kiron, Arthur. University of Pennsylvania The Mayer Sulzberger Collection Finding Aid(1994).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
History of the Jews in Philadelphia — The Jews of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania can trace their history back to Colonial America. Jews have lived there since the arrival of William Penn in 1682.Early historyJewish traders were operating in southeastern Pennsylvania long before Penn. The … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in Romania — The history of Jews in Romania concerns the Jews of Romania and of Romanian origins, from their first mention on what is nowadays Romanian territory. Minimal until the 18th century, the size of the Jewish population increased after around 1850,… … Wikipedia
Isaac Leeser — (December 12, 1806, Neuenkirchen, in the province of Westphalia, Prussia February 1, 1868, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was an American rabbi, author, translator, editor, and publisher; pioneer of the Jewish pulpit in the United States, and… … Wikipedia
James Koppel Gutheim — Rabbi James Koppel Gutheim (b. November 15, 1817 near Munster in Westphalia, Germany– d. May 11, 1886 in New Orleans, Louisiana) was the rabbi of Congregation Shangarai Chasset of New Orleans.In 1843, Gutheim arrived in the United States and… … Wikipedia
Alexander Hart — (October 1, 1839 ndash; September 21, 1911) was a major in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. Military careerHart hailed from New Orleans and commanded soldiers from the Fifth Louisiana Regiment during the war. [… … Wikipedia
Shangarai Chasset — (Shaarei Chesed) was a nineteenth century New Orleans Orthodox (and later Reform) synagogue. The synagogue was located on Rampart Street between St. Louis and Conti Streets (see picture of plaque, at site of original structure). The congregation… … Wikipedia
Congregation Rodeph Shalom (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) — Rodeph Shalom Synagogue s sanctuary ceiling Congregation Rodeph Shalom of Philadelphia, founded in 1795, is the oldest Ashkenazic synagogue in the Western Hemisphere. It is noted historically for its leadership of the Reform movement among… … Wikipedia
Bernard Illowy — Rabbi Dr. Bernard (Yissochar Dov) Illowy (b. 1814 in Kolin, Bohemia d. June 22, 1871 in Cincinnati, Ohio) was a rabbi and leader of Orthodox Judaism in the United States.BiographyIllowy descended from a family of religious scholars his great… … Wikipedia
SULZBERGER, MAYER — (1843–1923), U.S. jurist and communal leader. He was born at Heidelsheim, Germany, and was to remember the cries of the mobs that were part of the anti Jewish movement that followed the Revolution of 1848. His father, a ḥazzan and teacher,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Hermann Kohlmeyer — Rev. Dr. Hermann Kohlmeyer (1814 ndash; 1883) was the rabbi of Congregation Shangarai Chasset in New Orleans, Louisiana.On January 17, 1847, the synagogue board unanimously elected Kohlmeyer to serve as its leader. In the edition of the Occident… … Wikipedia