Morbidity and Mortality

PAGENAME conferences (M&M) are traditional, recurring conferences held by medical services at academic medical centers and by most large private medical and surgical practices. They are essentially peer reviews of mistakes occurring during the care of patients. The objectives of a well-run M&M conference are to learn from complications and errors, to modify behavior and judgment based on previous experiences, and to prevent repetition of errors leading to complications. Conferences are nonpunitive and focus on the goal of improved patient care. M&M conferences occur with regular frequency, often weekly, biweekly or monthly, and highlight recent cases and identify areas of improvement for clinicians involved in the case. They are also important for identifying systems issues (e.g., outdated policies, changes in patient identification procedures, arithmetic errors, etc.) which affect patient care.

Morbidity and Mortality conferences have a long tradition in the practice of medicine, having originated in the early 1900s with Dr. Ernest Codman at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. It is almost 100 years since Ernest Codman wrote a monograph on this subject, which caused his colleagues to banish him from the Massachusetts General Hospital. Ernest Codman's ideas contributed to the standardization of hospital practices—including a case report system that ascribed responsibility for adverse outcomes— by the American College of Surgeons in 1916. As the medical profession evolved, physicians grew accustomed to discussing their errors at mortality conferences, where autopsy findings were presented, and in published case reports. By 1983, the ACGME began requiring that accredited residency programs conduct a weekly review of all complications and deaths.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Morbidity and mortality — may refer to: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), a weekly publication by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and mortality conference, a periodic conference in many medical centers usually held to review cases with …   Wikipedia

  • Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report — Beschreibung Fachzeitschrift Fachgebiet Medizin Sprache englisch Verlag …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report — This article is about weekly publication of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For other uses of the term mobidity and mortality , see Morbidity and mortality. The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (ISSN 0149 2195) is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Morbidity and mortality conference — This article is about conferences to review poor or unusual outcomes in medical centers. For other uses of the term mobidity and mortality , see Morbidity and mortality. Morbidity and mortality (M M) conferences are traditional, recurring… …   Wikipedia

  • Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report — Known for short as MMWR, this is a key weekly scientific publication prepared and published by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (the CDC). MMWR contains data and reports on specific health and safety topics. The data are on… …   Medical dictionary

  • Mortality — A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word mortality is derived from mortal which came from the Latin mors (death). The opposite of mortality is, of course, immortality. Mortality is also quite distinct from morbidity (illness). A condition …   Medical dictionary

  • Mortality rate — A death rate. There are a number of different types of mortality rates as, for examples, the following: {{}}The fetal mortality rate: The ratio of fetal deaths to the sum of the births (the live births + the fetal deaths) in that year. The infant …   Medical dictionary

  • Morbidity — In medicine, epidemiology and actuarial science, the term morbidity can refer to: * the state of poor health (from Latin morbidus : sick, unhealthy) * the degree or severity of a health condition * the prevalence of a health condition: the total… …   Wikipedia

  • morbidity — /mɔˈbɪdəti/ (say maw biduhtee) noun 1. morbid state or quality. 2. the proportion of sickness in a locality: *the morbidity and mortality from alcohol is well known and very high –frank crowley and lorna cartwright, 1977 …   Australian English dictionary

  • mortality rate — mortality, mortality rate The death rate, usually standardized by age and sex, to facilitate comparisons between areas and social groups. It provides a measure of health risks, improvements in the quality of health care, and the comparative… …   Dictionary of sociology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.