Trebizond Campaign

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Trebizond Campaign
date=February 5- April 15, 1916
place=Trabzon, Turkey
result= Russian victory
combatant1=flag|Ottoman Empire|size=25px
combatant2=flag|Russian Empire|size=25px
commander1= Vehip Pasha
commander2= Yudenich
strength1= Third Army
strength2= Russian Caucasus Army
casualties1=
casualties2=|
The Trebizond Campaign, also known as the Battle of Trebizond was a series of brilliant Russian naval and land operations that resulted in the capture of Trebizond. It was the logistical step after the Erzerum Campaign. Operations began on February 5 and concluded when the Ottoman troops abandoned Trebizond on the night of April 15, 1916. cite book
last = Walton
first = Robert
author link =
title =The Capture of Trabzon. Marshall Cavendish Illustrated Encyclopedia of World War I, vol iv
publisher = Marshall Cavendish Corporation
date =1984
location =New York
pages = pp.1306-1313
isbn = 0-86307-181-3
]

Effect on Armenians

Prior to World War I, the vibrant Armenian community of Trebizond numbered 30,000. In 1915, during the Armenian Genocide, they were massacred and deported.Hy icon Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia, "Trapizon", Vol. 12, Yerevan 1986. p. 87] After the Russian capture of Trebizond, some 500 surviving Armenians were able to returnHy icon Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia, "Trapizon", Vol. 12, Yerevan 1986. p. 87] , as well as Armenian monks of the Kaymakli Monastery. [The Byzantine Churches of Trebizond, Selina Ballance, Anatolian Studies, volume 10, page 169.]

References


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