Herodium or Herodion ( _he. הרודיון, _ar. هيروديون, "Jabal al-Fraidees") is a hill shaped like a truncated cone (758 m / 2,487 ft above sea level), km to mi|12|precison=0 south of Bethlehem, within the Bethlehem Governorate, built as a fortress palace by King Herod the Great. It was known by the Crusaders as the "Mountain of Franks", but local Arab inhabitants call it "Jabal al-Fourdis" or "Mountain of Paradise". [ [http://www.bethlehem.ps/cultural_sites/arch_sites/herodium.php Herodium] Bethlehem.ps]

This is the quote of the Roman-era Jewish historian Josephus with respect to the fortress:

Herodium was conquered and destroyed by the Romans in A.D. 71, when Lucilius Bassus and his X "Fretensis" were on their way to Masada.

At the beginning of the Bar Kokhba revolt, Simon bar Kokhba declared Herodium as his secondary headquarters. Archeological evidences for the revolt were dispersed all over the site, from the outside buildings to the water system under the mountain. Inside the water system, supporting walls (which were built by the rebels) were discovered, and another system of caves was found. Inside one of those caves, the Field School of Kfar Etzion members discovered a burned wood which, afterwards, they dated to Bar Kokhba revolt time. The burned wood is still, after more than 1800 years inside the cave, waiting for the visitors. citation

Following the writings of Josephus, Hebrew University Professor Ehud Netzer reported on May 8, 2007, that he discovered Herod's gravesite atop of tunnels and water pools, at a flattened desert site, halfway up the hill to Herodium, km to mi|12|precison=0|wiki=yes south of Jerusalem - the precise location given by Josephus. [ [New York Times Archaeologist Says Remnants of King Herod’s Tomb Are Found May 9, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/09/world/middleeast/09herod.html] ]

The base of the tomb has now been uncovered and is visible to visitors to the site.


External links

* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&ie=UTF8&t=k&om=1&ll=31.666486,35.243111&spn=0.013606,0.027122 Google Maps satellite view]
* [http://www.jewishmag.com/101mag/herodian/herodian.htm Herodion] by Jacqueline Schaalje (April 2006 edition of the Jewish Magazine)
* [http://www.ldolphin.org/geophysisr.html Geophysical Exploration in Israel: The 1983 Field Season] , by Lambert Dolphin)
* [http://www.pbase.com/rdavid/herodion Photos from Herodion] by David Rabkin

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • HERODIUM — HERODIUM, Judean fortress built during the Second Temple period, located 60 stadia (c. 7 mi.) S. of Jerusalem near Tekoa. It was built by Herod at the spot where he had routed his pursuers during his flight from Jerusalem to Masada in 40 B.C.E.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HÉRODIUM — Ancienne forteresse palestinienne située à une douzaine de kilomètres au sud est de Jérusalem. Hérodium fut construite, vers HÉRODIUM 20, par Hérode le Grand, qui voulut en faire une forteresse militaire communiquant par signaux lumineux avec les …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • HERODIUM — castrum non procul Hierosolymis, in primis memorabile, in tribu Iuda naturâ simul et arte munitum, quod Herodes magnus exaedificavit: distat ab Hierosolymis sexaginta stadiis: locus ipse ita se habet. Collis est leniter acclivis, attollens se in… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Herodium — Das Herodium. Luftbild von Südwesten Herodium von Süden gesehen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herodium — Hérodion Vue aérienne de l Hérodion en cours de fouilles archéologiques L Hérodion (hébreu : הרודיון), arabe : هيروديون) est une colline artificiellement exhaussée[1] (haute de 91 mètres …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herodium — n. ruins of a castle from the time of Herod located southeast of Bethlehem …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Herodeion — Das Herodium. Luftbild von Südwesten Herodium von Süden gesehen Das Herodium oder Herodion (hebräisch ‏הרודיון‎ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herodeum — Das Herodium. Luftbild von Südwesten Herodium von Süden gesehen Das Herodium oder Herodion (hebräisch ‏הרודיון‎ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herodion — Das Herodium. Luftbild von Südwesten Herodium von Süden gesehen Das Herodium oder Herodion (hebräisch ‏הרודיון‎ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herodes I. — Herodes I., auch Herodes der Große (* um 73 v. Chr.; † im März 4 v. Chr. in Jerusalem) war König über Judäa, Galiläa, Samarien und andere Gebiete. Als von Rom eingesetzter und gestützter Vasallenkönig (er war Prokonsul; d. h. er verwaltete… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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