Northland (New Zealand electorate)

Northland electorate 2008.png

Northland is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Northland is John Carter of the National Party[1]. He has held this position since 1996.

Northland is the northernmost general electorate of New Zealand. Inside its boundaries are the town of Kaitaia, the settlements around Hokianga Harbour, the town of Kaikohe, the Bay of Islands including Paihia, Kawakawa, Kaeo, Kerikeri, all of Kaipara District and a small rural section of Whangarei District. At the 2008 election, the town of Wellsford became part of Northland due to heavy population growth in the Rodney seat.

Contents

History

The Northland electorate was created ahead of the introduction of Mixed Member Proportional voting in 1996. It contains all of the Far North electorate (called Bay of Islands before 1993), and a large section of the old Hobson seat.

Former Far North MP John Carter was elected MP for Northland in 1996, and has been returned at every election since; the seat is one where National traditionally performs well - Labour has not won a general seat north of Wellsford since a one-off victory in Whangarei in 1972. The upper North Island is also a place where New Zealand First has one of its strongest voter bases; in 1996, Ron Peters and Frank Grover of the Alliance beat Labour's candidate into fourth place and nine percent of the vote. Third parties do well in Northland - at the 1960 and 1963 elections, Social Credit candidate Vernon Cracknell came runner up in Hobson , before taking the seat with 48 percent of the vote in 1966. The area had previously been receptive to social credit theory - Harold Rushworth of the credit-influenced Country Party had held Bay of Islands for three terms, from 1928 to 1938.

Members of Parliament for Northland

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Name Party Elected Left Office Reason
John Carter National 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008 incumbent

List MPs from Northland

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Northland electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Name Party First Elected Left Office Contested Northland
Frank Grover1 Alliance 1996 1999 1996
Sue Bradford Green 1999 2009 2005
Jim Peters New Zealand First 2002 2005 2002, 2005
Shane Jones Labour 2005 Current MP 2005, 2008

1 Grover left the Alliance in 1999 and joined the Christian Heritage Party.

Election results

2008 election

General Election 2008: Northland[2]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Carter 19,889 59.14 - 17,703 51.70
Labour Shane Jones 9,835 29.24 - 8,573 25.04
Green Martin Leiding 2,311 6.87 - 2,514 7.34
ACT Alan (Smilie) Wood 565 1.68 - 1,443 4.21
Kiwi Mike Shaw 381 1.13 - 216 0.63
Family Party Melanie Taylor 319 0.95 - 162 0.47
Democrats David Wilson 171 0.51 - 48 0.14
United Future Phil Johnson 162 0.48 - 228 0.67
NZ First - 2,194 6.41 -
Māori - 507 1.48 -
Progressive - 258 0.75 -
Bill and Ben - 153 0.45 -
Legalise Cannabis - 144 0.42 -
Alliance - 28 0.08 -
Libertarianz - 25 0.07 -
Pacific - 17 0.05 -
Workers Party - 16 0.05 -
RAM - 6 0.02 -
RONZ - 5 0.01 -
Informal votes 310 132
Total Valid votes 33,633 34,240
National hold Majority 10,054


2005 election

General Election 2005: Northland[3]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY John Carter 16,577 54.12 14,182 45.69
Labour Shane Jones 7302 23.84 9384 30.23
Green Sue Bradford 2764 9.02 2000 6.44
NZ First Jim Peters 2547 8.32 3162 10.19
Māori Malcolm Peri 550 1.80 484 1.56
United Future Phil Johnson 315 1.03 618 1.99
Destiny David Isaachsen 278 0.91 196 0.63
ACT Tom McClelland 216 0.71 474 1.53
Libertarianz Julian Pistorius 51 0.17 27 0.09
Independent Gray Phillips 18 0.06 -
Direct Democracy Mel Whaanga 10 0.03 5 0.02
Progressive - 272 0.88
Legalise Cannabis - 94 0.30
Democrats - 48 0.015
Christian Heritage - 37 0.12
Alliance - 27 0.09
99 MP - 11 0.04
Family Rights - 6 0.02
One NZ - 6 0.02
RONZ - 6 0.02
Informal votes 233 133
Total Valid votes 30,628 31,039
National hold Majority 9275 30.28

References

External links


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