New Plymouth (New Zealand electorate)

map showing extent of electorate for the 2008 and 2011 elections

New Plymouth is a New Zealand Parliamentary electorate. It was first created for the 1st New Zealand Parliament in 1853 and has existed since, with one 22-year interruption. The electorate was initially called Town of New Plymouth.

The electorate is currently held by Jonathan Young for National[1], as he defeated Labour's Harry Duynhoven[2] in the 2008 general election.

Contents

Population centres

The electorate includes the following population centres:

  • (To be completed)

History

The electorate was originally the Town of New Plymouth from 1853 to 1884. The name of the electorate was changed to New Plymouth from 1884 to 1896. The electorate was abolished in 1896, and was reconstituted under the same name in 1928.[3]

The electorate has changed between National and Labour several times, and has been represented by two Christian ministers: Rev Frederick Frost and then Rev Ernest Aderman.

Members of Parliament for New Plymouth

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

1853 to 1896

The electorate first existed from 1853 to 1896.[3]

Election Winner
1853 election Francis Gledhill (Independent)
1855 election William Richmond (Independent)
1860 election
1862 by-election Isaac Newton Watt[4] (Independent)
1863 by-election Henry Hanson Turton[5] (Independent)
1864 by-election Charles Brown (Independent)
1865 by-election Henry Sewell (Independent)
1866 election John Larkins Cheese Richardson (Independent)
1867 by-election Harry Atkinson (Independent)
1869 by-election Thomas Kelly[6] (Independent)
1871 election
1875 election
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election Oliver Samuel (Independent)
1887 election
1890 election Edward Metcalf Smith (Liberal)
1893 election

1928 to present

The electorate was recreated in 1928 and has existed since.

Name Party Elected Left Office Reason
Sydney George Smith United 1928, 1931, 1935 19381 defeated
Frederick Frost Labour 1938 1943 defeated
Ernest Aderman National 1943, 1946, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1957, 1960, 1963 1966 retired
Ron Barclay Labour 1966, 1969, 1972 1975 defeated
Tony Friedlander National 1975, 1978, 1981, 1984, 1987 defeated
Harry Duynhoven Labour 1987 1990 defeated
John Armstrong National 1990 1993 defeated
Harry Duynhoven Labour 1993, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2005 2008 defeated
Jonathan Young National 2008 incumbent

1 Smith was one of the original members of the New Zealand National Party upon its formation in 1936.

List MPs from New Plymouth

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the New Plymouth electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Name Party First Elected Left Office Contested New Plymouth
Roger Maxwell National 1984 1999 1996

Election results

2008 election

General Election 2008: New Plymouth[7]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Jonathan Young 16,539 48.18 - 17,512 50.47
Labour Red XN Harry Duynhoven 16,434 47.88 - 10,901 31.42
Independent Rusty Kane 756 2.20 - - -
ACT Chris Albers 455 1.33 - 1,106 3.19
Libertarianz Mike Webber 141 0.41 - 27 0.08
Green - 2,230 6.43 -
NZ First - 1,404 4.05 -
Bill and Ben - 301 0.87 -
Māori - 260 0.75 -
Progressive - 232 0.67 -
United Future - 227 0.65 -
Legalise Cannabis - 166 0.48 -
Family Party - 141 0.41 -
Kiwi - 78 0.22 -
Democrats - 43 0.12 -
Alliance - 31 0.09 -
Pacific - 23 0.07 -
Workers Party - 13 0.04 -
RAM - 2 0.01 -
RONZ - 2 0.01 -
Informal votes 349 175
Total Valid votes 34,325 34,699
National gain from Labour Majority 105


Note: lines coloured beige denote the winner of the electorate vote. Lines coloured pink denote a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.

2005 election

Party Candidate Votes % Party Votes %
Labour Green tickY Harry Duynhoven 17512 53.20 12542 37.64
National Moira Irving 12073 36.67 14836 44.53
Green Sarah Brown 1165 3.54 1816 5.45
Destiny Keren Roberts 555 1.69 244 0.73
United Matt Collier 539 1.64 791 2.37
Māori Party Tony Ruakere 312 0.95 148 0.44
ACT Kerry O'Connor 301 0.91 394 1.18
IND Rusty Kane 252 0.77 - -
Democrats Kevin Smith 121 0.37 52 0.16
NZ First - - - 2036 6.11
Progressive - - - 249 0.75
ALCP - - - 86 0.26
Christian Heritage - - - 36 0.11
Alliance - - - 18 0.05
Direct Democracy - - - 15 0.05
Libertarianz - - - 14 0.04
One NZ - - - 12 0.04
Family Rights PP - - - 11 0.03
Republic of NZ - - - 7 0.03
99 MP - - - 12 0.04
informal votes 338 126
total valid votes 32,919 33,319
Labour hold Majority 5,439

sourced from electionresults.govt.nz

References

  1. ^ "Jonathan Young". New Zealand Parliament. http://www.parliament.nz/en-NZ/MPP/MPs/MPs/e/0/7/49MP170031-Young-Jonathan.htm. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 
  2. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Harry Duynhoven MP[dead link]
  3. ^ a b Scholefield, Guy Hardy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840-1949. Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 161. 
  4. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-Cyc06Cycl-t1-body1-d1-d3-d4.html#name-416694-mention. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  5. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-Cyc06Cycl-t1-body1-d1-d3-d4.html#name-401540-mention. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  6. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-Cyc06Cycl-t1-body1-d1-d3-d4.html#name-416684-mention. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  7. ^ 2008 election results

External links


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