Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak


Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak
You might be looking for Nachman bar Huna or Nachman bar Yaakov.
Rabbinical Eras

Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak or Rabh Naħman bar Yişħaq in actual Talmudic and Classical Hebrew (died 356) was an amora (rabbi of the Talmud) who lived in Babylonia. He was a disciple of Abaye and Rava and the dean of the yeshiva at Pumbedita.

In his youth, Rav Nachman studied together with Rava, but he sat one row behind him. Later Rav Nachman studied under Rav Chisda. During the time when Rav Joseph bar Chiya was head of the Yeshivah of Pumbeditha and Rava conducted his own Yeshivah in Mechoza, Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak was the chief lecturer (Resh Kalah) under Rava, and he was already famous for his great learning and piety.

Legend states that a soothsayer predicted to Nachman's mother that her son would be a thief. She was therefore very careful to instill in him a fear of heaven. She often reminded him: "My son, cover your head completely, so that you will fear G-d, and always pray for his mercy, so that you should not be overcome by your evil impulses". It is told that once while studying under a tree, his headcovering slipped off, and he suddenly felt a tremendous desire to take a cluster of dates from the tree (which did not belong to him). (Shabbos 156b)

He praised the character trait of humility greatly. His modesty may be seen from the fact that when Rava stated that "a little pride is becoming a scholar," Rav Nachman hastened to remark, "None of it, nor part of it!"

He worked to facilitate a peaceful relationship between husband and wife.

The honour of the Sabbath was of prime importance to him. He would even personally do menial chores in its honour. He would say that "one who honours the Sabbath will be saved from the pains of the exile".

He had a quick wit often using the double entendres as a pmnemonic device.

It is unclear which of the three sages called Nachman are referred to when R' Nachman w/o a surname is mentioned. However, the fact that Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak often states a position after R' Nachman (w/o surname) should allow us to rule him out. (Tosafot to Tractate Chullin)

Two interesting statements

Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak stated in Berakhot 11a, "One who acts according to Bet Shammai, deserves death". This is in contrast to Rav Yehezkel who says "One who acts according to Bet Shammai, has acted [i.e., has fulfilled one's obligation]" and Rav Yosef who says, "One who acts according to Bet Shammai has done nothing."

Rav Nachman is also reported to have stated (in Nazir 23b and Horayot 10b), "Greater is a sin for the sake of Heaven than the fulfillment of a precept that is not for the sake of heaven". This statement is seen as a justification for the actions of Lot's daughters who had sex with Lot to maintain humanity (Genesis 19), Tamar who pretended to be a prostitute to establish the line of her late husband (Genesis 38), and Yael who, according to the rabbis had sex with Sisera before killing him (Judges 4-5).

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rav Nachman — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim You might be looking for Rebbe Nachman of Breslov. Rav Nachman bar Yaakov (Hebrew: רב נחמן בר יעקב‎; died 320) was a Jewish Talmudist who lived in …   Wikipedia

  • Rav Chisda — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Rav Chisda (Hebrew: רב חסדא) was a Jewish Talmudist who lived in Babylonia, known as an amora of the third generation (died in 320 of the Seleucidan era …   Wikipedia

  • Hiyya bar Abba — For the Amora sage of the Land of Israel, of the 1st Amora Generation, see Rabbi Hiyya (Hiyya the Great). For the Amora sage of Babylon, of the 2nd and 3d Amora Generation, and Dean of the Pumbedita Academy, see Huna b. Hiyya. Hiyya bar Abba or… …   Wikipedia

  • Mar b. Rav Ashi — For the sixth generation Amora sage of Babylon, see Rav Ashi (his father). Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Mar b. Rav Ashi (Tabyomi) (Hebrew: מר בר רב אשי‎, read as Mar …   Wikipedia

  • Amoraim — …   Wikipedia

  • Amora — ImageSize = width:590 height:120PlotArea = width:570 height:25 left:5 bottom:60TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalDateFormat = yyyyPeriod = from: 250 till:2000AlignBars = earlyScaleMajor = unit:year increment:200 start: 200ScaleMinor = unit:year… …   Wikipedia

  • Haggadah of Pesach — The Haggadah ( he. הגדה) is a Jewish religious text that sets out the order of the Passover Seder. Haggadah, meaning telling, is a fulfillment of the scriptural commandment to each Jew to tell your son about the Jewish liberation from slavery in… …   Wikipedia

  • Chazal — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim For the 20th Century writer, see Malcolm de Chazal. Chazal or Ḥazal (Hebrew: חז ל‎) is an acronym for the Hebrew Ḥakhameinu Zikhronam Liv rakha , (ח …   Wikipedia

  • Rab 'Awira — Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Rab Awira (or Rav Awira; Hebrew: רב עוירא) was a Jewish Amora sage of the Land of Israel of the third and fourth generation of the Amoraic era, a pupil of R. Yochanan …   Wikipedia

  • Hanina b. Papi — For another Jewish Amora sage also of the Land of Israel, same 3d Amoraic generetion with a similar name, see Hanina ben Pappa. For the Babylonian Amora sages of the 5th generetion, see Rav Papi or Rav Papa. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.