Sexy! No No No...

"Sexy! No No No…"
Single by Girls Aloud
from the album Tangled Up
B-side "Dog Without a Bone"
Released August 31, 2007
Format CD single
Digital download
Recorded London, England
Genre Electropop, electro rock
Length 3:16
Label Fascination Records
Writer(s) Girls Aloud, Nazareth, Xenomania
Producer Xenomania
Girls Aloud singles chronology
"Walk This Way"
(2007)
"Sexy! No No No…"
(2007)
"Call the Shots"
(2007)
Tangled Up track listing
"Close to Love"
(2)
"Sexy! No No No…"
(3)
"Girl Overboard"
(4)
UK CD2 cover
Music video
"Sexy! No No No…" on YouTube

"Sexy! No No No…" is a song by the British all-female pop group Girls Aloud, taken from their fourth studio album Tangled Up (2007). The song was written by Girls Aloud, Miranda Cooper, Brian Higgins and his production team Xenomania, and produced by Higgins and Xenomania. The song samples Nazareth's "Hair of the Dog", for which they have received a writing credit. Composed of three songs welded together, the "pounding electro-punk number" avoids the verse-chorus form present in most contemporary pop music. "Sexy! No No No..." was released as a single in September 2007. The song charted at number five on the UK Singles Chart, continuing Girls Aloud's streak of top ten hits.

The music video witnesses Girls Aloud dance through pins and wires in black latex catsuits and billowing red dresses, providing a more artistic, "edgier" approach for the group. "Sexy! No No No..." was promoted through numerous live appearances and has since been performed on all of Girls Aloud's subsequent concert tours. The song, described as "ambitious", received widespread acclaim from contemporary music critics.

Contents

Background and composition

"Sexy! No No No…" was co-written by the members of Girls Aloud in collaboration with Brian Higgins, Miranda Cooper, Niara Scarlett, Nick Coler and Tim Powell of Xenomania. Similar to previous Girls Aloud singles, "Sexy! No No No..." is also produced by Brian Higgins and Xenomania. The song was recorded in 2007 at Eden Studios in London England. It was mixed by Jeremy Wheatley and mastered by Dick Beetham.

The song was described as having a "catchy" chorus, vocodered vocals, "pounding" guitar riffs and "atmospheric" synths. "Sexy! No No No" consists of three songs welded together: one with a samba rhythm, one with a sped-up sample and a breakbeat, and an intro from elsewhere.[1] The guitar riff is sampled from Scottish rock band Nazareth's 1975 track "Hair of the Dog."[2] "Sexy! No No No…" shares similarities to the "new rave" genre popularised by NME in 2006 and 2007. The song's vocodered introduction is sung by Cheryl Cole over a choir and a minimal piano section. The song then segues into a loud, chaotic backing track. "Sexy! No No No…" strays from the general verse-chorus form of pop songs. It is made up of only one verse, bridge, repeated chorus, and a middle 8 which is sung over the chorus, before concluding with a repetition of the verse until the end.

Sarah Harding has described "Sexy! No No No…" on the official Girls Aloud website as "edgy" and a major advance in Girls Aloud's sound.

Release

Despite rumours in April 2007 that Girls Aloud were to split in September that year, the group announced they were in the process of recording their sixteenth single and fourth studio album following their tour, The Sound of Girls Aloud: The Greatest Hits Tour.[3][4] In July 2007, "Sexy! No No No..." was announced as the first single from Tangled Up, Girls Aloud's follow-up to the greatest hits collection The Sound of Girls Aloud (2006). A high quality radio rip of "Sexy! No No No..." then leaked onto the internet in the early hours of the morning on 20 July 2007.[5] It officially premiered on BBC Radio 1's The Chris Moyles Show the same morning.[6] The official radio edit of the song leaked onto the Internet the day of the radio premiere.[5] In August 2007, "Sexy! No No No..." became Girls Aloud's sixth single to be A-listed on the BBC Radio 1 playlist.[7]

On 3 August 2007, the cover art, release date and single track listings for "Sexy! No No No..." were revealed on the group's official website.[8] The single was released as a digital download on 31 August 2007 and on physical formats on 3 September 2007. It was available on two CD single formats. The first disc included a live version of "Something Kinda Ooooh", recorded at the Bournemouth International Centre.[9] The second CD format featured a new track entitled "Dog Without a Bone" and Tony Lamezma's "Yes Yes Yes" Mix of "Sexy! No No No...".[10] These songs were also available as part of a digital download.[11] The Xenomania Club Mix was also released as a digital exclusive.

In addition to acting as the lead single of Tangled Up, "Sexy! No No No..." was included in the promotional campaign for the Samsung SGH-F210 mobile phone as part of a deal Samsung sealed with Girls Aloud in June 2007.[12]

B-side

The single release was accompanied by a previously unrelease b-side entitled "Dog Without a Bone". The song was originally written in 2006 recording sessions in an attempt to come up with a lead single to sell Girls Aloud's greatest hits compilation The Sound of Girls Aloud.[13] "Dog Without a Bone" has been described as a mixture between Jamelia's "Beware of the Dog" and a glam rock-styled version of Goldfrapp's "Train".[14] On 16 August 2007, a 29 second clip of "Dog Without A Bone" leaked onto the Internet.[14] Online music publication Popjustice named it as their 'Song of the Day' four days later.[14] The website later featured another 30 second sample, this time containing the chorus of the song.[14] On 31 August, the full version of "Dog Without a Bone" was leaked three days before the release of the single on 3 September 2007.[14]

Critical reception

"Sexy! No No No..." received widespread acclaim from contemporary music critics. Girls Aloud were complimented for restyling themselves and for their willingness to experiment with a new direction in the song. John Lucas of Allmusic described the "pounding electro-punk number" as "one of the most daring songs they've yet released."[15] CBBC Newsround said that "Sexy! No No No..." is "yet another sample of their [Girls Aloud's] perfect pop: bold, sassy, slightly loopy and unbelievably catchy", stating the song has "a knack of being hard-wired into your head from the first time you hear [it]".[16] The song was said to "sound like perfect pop to dance around your bedroom to" by John Murphy of musicOMH, who went on to say: "After a stunningly weird chorus - all atmospheric synths, vocoder vocals, and a strange sense of doom, it just explodes into a big burst of electro-pop that sounds like it's been beamed down from another planet".[17] Murphy went on to praise Xenomania's willingness to experiment, pointing out that the song "isn't even structured like a proper pop song - there's no verse-chorus-verse".[17] The single received further praise by Nick Levine from Digital Spy who called it a "noisy riot of multi-layered guitar riffs, whipcrackin' call-and-response vocals and euphoria 'woo woo-oo' harmonies.[18] Levine, like Murphy of musicOMH, also complimented Xenomania's work on the song: sacrificing "conventional song structure in the name of keeping [...] hooks coming thick and fast - and quite right too."[18] He also praised Girls Aloud for restyling themselves "as teasing minxes, claiming that they've 'dropped their d-d-dirty style'".[18]

Lauren Murphy of Entertainment.ie said that "Sexy! No No No..." was a "stellar single", describing it as an "'80s-flavoured radio hit".[19] The vocal interplay of "Sexy! No No No..." was described as "mesmerising" by John Aizlewood from the Evening Standard.[20] Matt O'Leary of Virgin Media positively reviewed the single saying it "slam[s] home the power-pop message we're used to [from Girls Aloud]."[21] Sharon O'Connell of Yahoo! Music called the "hyperactive, hi-NRG lead single" one of the "most notable" tracks on Tangled Up,[22] while the Liverpool Daily Post said that the song "see girls up and down the country dancing around their handbags".[23]

Chart performance

Because "Sexy! No No No..." was available to download starting the Friday ahead of its physical release, the song entered the UK Singles Chart at number 64 based on legal download sales.[24] The following week, it rose 59 places to peak at number five.[25] This made the song Girls Aloud's sixteenth consecutive top ten single, a record for a female group.[26] The track slipped two places from number five to number seven in its third week on the chart and spent five more weeks in the top 75.[24] The song briefly reentered the top 75 for two weeks in November, following the release of Tangled Up.[24] Overall, the single spent ten weeks in the top 75 and three more in the top 100.[24][27]

In Ireland, the song peaked at number eleven.[28] It spent two more weeks in the top twenty of the Irish Singles Chart, at numbers twelve and thirteen respectively.[29][30]

Music video

Nadine Coyle appeared on the RTÉ One show "Saturday Night With Miriam" on 14 July 2007, saying that Girls Aloud would film the video the week beginning 16 July.[31] Backstage at T4 on the Beach, Kimberley Walsh said that the video would be more artistic and edgier. On 7 August 2007, British tabloids released pictures of Girls Aloud dressed in tight black latex catsuits while standing in front of a green screen, like the left image, suggesting that special effects would be used in the video.[32] The music video, which premiered on satellite and cable music channels on August 10, was directed by Trudy Bellinger ("The Show", "I'll Stand by You").[33]

At the start, the girls are wearing their PVC catsuits, standing in front of red material, with flowers being shown and a seamstress starting work on a dress. Cheryl Cole then sings her opening lines. When the chorus begins, the camera zooms out to show the girls wearing giant inflatable red dresses. The seamstress starts putting large pins into her dress, poking their way around the girls, until the pins start tearing into their dresses. The pins tear the dresses off, and the girls are back in their catsuits, surrounded by the threads of their dresses.

The video won the Virgin Media Award for 'Best Video'.[citation needed]

Live performances

Girls Aloud gave their first TV performance of the song on T4 on the Beach on Channel 4 on 22 July 2007. They promoted the single by performing on a number of television programmes, such as Dance X, GMTV (twice), The National Lottery, This Morning, and the ITV1 special Saturday Night Divas.[34] The group have performed the song at various live events, such as G-A-Y and 2008's V Festival, as well as the group's summer open-air concerts.

"Sexy! No No No..." served as the opening for 2008's Tangled Up Tour. Girls Aloud were suspended on wires as they hovered in the air in black cloaks, suggesting a superheroin motif.[35][36] They slowly descended onto the stage, filled with dry ice, as an extended instrumental introduction to the song played.[37] A video screen showed Cheryl singing the vocodered introduction. As the intro ends and the song picks up energy, the stage was lit up and Girls Aloud removed their cloaks to reveal stage outfits designed by Julien Macdonald.[38] The performance was accompanied by a high-energy dance routine. For 2009's Out of Control Tour, the group performed the song on a smaller stage in the middle of the venues. The song was mixed with the backing track of Rihanna's "Disturbia". "Sexy! No No No..." was also performed at Wembley Stadium when Girls Aloud opened for Coldplay.

Track listings and formats

UK CD1 (Polydor / 1744931) / digital bundle
  1. "Sexy! No No No…" — 3:18
  2. "Something Kinda Ooooh" (Live at Bournemouth International Centre) — 3:24
UK CD2 (Polydor / 1744981) / digital bundle
  1. "Sexy! No No No…" — 3:18
  2. "Sexy! No No No…" (Tony Lamezma's "Yes Yes Yes" Mix) — 6:13
  3. "Dog Without a Bone" — 4:00
  4. "Sexy! No No No…" (video) — 3:18
Digital exclusive
  1. "Sexy! No No No…" (Xenomania Club Mix) — 5:00
The Singles Boxset (CD16)
  1. "Sexy! No No No…" — 3:18
  2. "Something Kinda Ooooh" (Live at Bournemouth International Centre) — 3:24
  3. "Sexy! No No No…" (Tony Lamezma's "Yes Yes Yes" Mix) — 6:13
  4. "Dog Without a Bone" — 4:00
  5. "Sexy! No No No…" (Xenomania Club Mix) — 5:00
  6. "Sexy! No No No…" (Flip & Fill Mix) — 6:07
  7. "Sexy! No No No…" (video) — 3:18

Credits and personnel

Charts

Chart (2007) Peak
position
Ireland (IRMA)[39] 11
UK Singles (The Official Charts Company)[40] 5

Year-end charts

Chart (2007) Peak
position
UK Singles (2007) 48

Release history

Region Date Format
United Kingdom 31 August 2007[41] Digital Download
3 September 2007[42] CD Single

References

  1. ^ Robinson, Peter (2009). "Sexy! No No No…", pp. 36–37 [Booklet]. Album notes for The Singles Boxset by Girls Aloud. London, England: Fascination Records.
  2. ^ John Dingwall (2007-09-08). "Girls Aloud use sample of Scots band Nazareth". Daily Record. Trinity Mirror. http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/2007/09/08/girls-aloud-use-sample-of-scots-band-nazareth-86908-19809312/. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  3. ^ "Girls Aloud to Split?". MTV News. MTV UK. 2007-04-16. http://www.mtv.co.uk/artists/girls-aloud/news/40090-girls-aloud-to-split. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  4. ^ "Girls Aloud: “We’re Not Splitting!”". MTV News. MTV UK. 2007-04-16. http://www.mtv.co.uk/artists/girls-aloud/news/40091-girls-aloud-we-re-not-splitting. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  5. ^ a b Peter Robinson (2007-07-20). "The chatter of Popjustice: Girls Aloud special". Popjustice. http://www.popjustice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1387&Itemid=9. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  6. ^ "Notes on the new Girls Aloud single". Popjustice. 2007-07-19. http://www.popjustice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1385&Itemid=206. Retrieved 2007-07-19. 
  7. ^ Fraser McAlpine (2007-08-02). "I Think We're A-List Now...". BBC Chart Blog. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/chartblog/2007/08/girls_aloud_rating.shtml. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  8. ^ ""Sexy! No No No..." Cover Art and Single Details Revealed!". GirlsAloud.co.uk. 2007-08-03. http://girlsaloud.co.uk/news. Retrieved 2007-08-03. 
  9. ^ "Girls Aloud - Sexy! No No No... (CD, Single, CD1)". Discogs. Zink Media Inc.. http://www.discogs.com/Girls-Aloud-Sexy-No-No-No/release/1297671. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  10. ^ "Girls Aloud - Sexy! No No No... (CD, Single, Enh)". Discogs. Zink Media Inc.. http://www.discogs.com/Girls-Aloud-Sexy-No-No-No/release/1622771. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  11. ^ "Sexy! No No No... - EP by Girls Aloud on iTunes". iTunes. http://itunes.apple.com/gb/album/sexy-no-no-no-ep/id262205598. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  12. ^ Juliana Koranteng (2007-06-26). "Girls Aloud seal Samsung deal". Billboard.biz. Nielsen Company. http://www.billboard.biz/bbbiz/content_display/industry/e3i4151a69586472f43262fd8884b59823c. Retrieved 2010-06-12. 
  13. ^ Robinson, Peter (2009). "Something Kinda Ooooh", p. 31 [Booklet]. Album notes for The Singles Boxset by Girls Aloud. London, England: Fascination Records.
  14. ^ a b c d e Peter Robinson (2007-08-31). "Girls Aloud 'Dog Without A Bone'". Popjustice. http://www.popjustice.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1515&Itemid=279. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  15. ^ John Lucas (2007-11-17). "Tangled Up". Allmusic. All Media Guide. http://www.allmusic.com/album/r1263699. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  16. ^ "Single Review: Girls Aloud - Sexy! No No No…". CBBC Newsround (BBC). 2007-10-18. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_6970000/newsid_6979400/6979432.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  17. ^ a b John Murphy (2007-09-03). "Girls Aloud - Sexy! No No No (Polydor)". musicOMH. http://www.musicomh.com/singles/girls-aloud-10_0807.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  18. ^ a b c Nick Levine (2007-09-03). "Girls Aloud: 'Sexy! No No No...'". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi Médias. http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/music/singlesreviews/a75051/girls-aloud-sexy-no-no-no.html. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  19. ^ Lauren Murphy (2007-12-17). "Girls Aloud - Tangled Up". Entertainment.ie. http://entertainment.ie/album-review/Girls-Aloud---Tangled-Up/5428.htm. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  20. ^ John Aizlewood (2007-11-16). "CDs of the week". Evening Standard (Daily Mail and General Trust). http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_8010/is_20071116/ai_n40190477/. Retrieved 2010-06-11. [dead link]
  21. ^ Matt O'Leary (2007-11-17). "Girls Aloud: Tangled Up review". Virgin Media. Virgin Group. http://www.virginmedia.com/music/reviews/girlsaloud-tangledup.php. Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  22. ^ Sharon O'Connell (2007-11-21). "Girls Aloud Tangled Up Album Review". Yahoo! Music. yahoo!. http://uk.launch.yahoo.com/071121/33/21vdc.html. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  23. ^ "CD review". Liverpool Daily Post (Trinity Mirror). http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_8008/is_20070831/ai_n40520598/. Retrieved 2010-06-12. [dead link]
  24. ^ a b c d "Sexy No No No". ChartStats.com. http://www.chartstats.com/songinfo.php?id=33363. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  25. ^ Dave West (2007-09-09). "Sean Kingston remains at UK No.1". Digital Spy. Hachette Filipacchi Médias. http://www.digitalspy.com/music/news/a75350/sean-kingston-remains-at-uk-no-1.html. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  26. ^ "Girls Aloud smash UK hits record". CBBC Newsround (BBC). 2007-09-26. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_7010000/newsid_7015100/7015173.stm. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  27. ^ "Girls Aloud". The Official UK Charts Company. British Phonographic Industry. http://www.theofficialcharts.com/artist/_/girls%20aloud/. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  28. ^ "Top 50 singles, week ending 6 September 2007". Irish Singles Chart. GfK. http://www.chart-track.co.uk/index.jsp?c=p%2Fmusicvideo%2Fmusic%2Farchive%2Findex_test.jsp&ct=240001&arch=t&lyr=2007&year=2007&week=36. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  29. ^ "Top 50 singles, week ending 13 September 2007". Irish Singles Chart. GfK. http://www.chart-track.co.uk/index.jsp?c=p%2Fmusicvideo%2Fmusic%2Farchive%2Findex_test.jsp&ct=240001&arch=t&lyr=2007&year=2007&week=37. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  30. ^ "Top 50 singles, week ending 20 September 2007". Irish Singles Chart. GfK. http://www.chart-track.co.uk/index.jsp?c=p%2Fmusicvideo%2Fmusic%2Farchive%2Findex_test.jsp&ct=240001&arch=t&lyr=2007&year=2007&week=38. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  31. ^ "Girls Aloud star Nadine Coyle: 'My ex Jesse didn't cheat on me'". London: The Daily Mail. 2007-07-17. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/showbiz/showbiznews.html?in_article_id=468799&in_page_id=1773. Retrieved 2007-07-26. 
  32. ^ "Girls Aloud slip into PVC catsuits for sexy new video". Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). 2007-08-08. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-473617/Girls-Aloud-slip-PVC-catsuits-sexy-new-video.html. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  33. ^ "Trudy Bellinger: Music Videos". Merge @ Crossroads. http://www.mergefilms.com/. Retrieved 29 December 2008. 
  34. ^ "Girls Aloud perform live on GMTV". GMTV. ITV1. 2007-08-31. http://www.gm.tv/articles/showbiz/showbiz-jul-dec-2007/26741-famous-five.html. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  35. ^ Katie Bodinger (2008-05-19). "Review; Girls Aloud". South Wales Echo. http://icwales.icnetwork.co.uk/whats-on/whats-on-news/2008/05/19/girls-aloud-91466-20930651/. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  36. ^ David Pollock (2008-05-08). "First Night: Girls Aloud, SECC, Glasgow". London: The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/reviews/first-night-girls-aloud-secc-glasgow-823132.html. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  37. ^ Emma Johnson (2008-05-31). "Girls Aloud/Echo Arena". Liverpool Daily Post. http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-life-features/liverpool-arts/2008/05/31/girls-aloud-echo-arena-64375-21002423/. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  38. ^ Jessica Bumpus (2008-05-08). "Girls in sparkle". Vogue.co.uk. http://www.vogue.co.uk/vogue_daily/story/story.asp?stid=52342. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  39. ^ "Chart Track". Irish Singles Chart. Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
  40. ^ "Chart Stats – Girls Aloud – Sexy No No No" UK Singles Chart. Chart Stats. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
  41. ^ "Sexy! No No No... - Single". iTunes Store. Apple Inc.. http://itunes.apple.com/us/album/sexy-no-no-no-single/id266642432. Retrieved 2010-06-10. 
  42. ^ "Sexy! No No No". Amazon.com. http://www.amazon.com/gp/aw/d.html?pd=1&l=Product%20Details&a=B000UNBQT6. Retrieved 2010-06-10. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sexy — sexy …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • sexy — [ sɛksi ] adj. inv. • 1925; mot arg. angl. amér. ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Qui est sexuellement attirant, qui excite le désir. Vêtement sexy. ⇒ érotique. Une vedette très sexy. ⇒ sexe symbole. 2 ♦ Plaisant, attrayant (hors du contexte sexuel). Une nouvelle… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sexy! No, No, No... — «Sexy! No, No, No...» Сингл Girls Aloud …   Википедия

  • Sexy! No — Sexy! No, No, No... Sexy! No, No, No... Girls Aloud Дата выпуска 31.08.2007 Жанр …   Википедия

  • sexy — SÉXY adj. invar. (Despre oameni) Cu sexapil. ♦ (Despre filme, publicaţii etc.) Cu caracter erotic. – Din engl. sexy. Trimis de ana zecheru, 10.04.2009. Sursa: DEX 98  séxy adj. invar. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … …   Dicționar Român

  • sexy — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 33}}[wym. seks i]{{/stl 33}}{{stl 8}}przym. ndm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} działający pobudzająco na zmysły osób płci przeciwnej; seksowny : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Aktorka sexy. <ang.> {{/stl 10}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}} {{stl 20}}… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Sexy — o sexi se refiere a alguien que ejerce un atractivo físico y sexual. También puede referirse a: Sexi, un enclave fenicio, actual Almuñécar (España). Sexy Sadie , canción de The Beatles. Sexy Sadie, grupo de pop rock español. Esta página de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • sexy — (Voz ingl.). 1. adj. Que tiene atractivo físico y sexual. Es muy sexy. 2. m. Atractivo físico y sexual. Tiene sexy …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • sexy — Adj. (Mittelstufe) ugs.: sexuell sehr attraktiv Beispiele: Alle Mädchen finden ihn sehr sexy. In diesem Kleid sieht sie sexy aus …   Extremes Deutsch

  • sexy — (del inglés; pronunciamos sexi ) adjetivo 1. (ser / estar) Que tiene mucho atractivo físico o que provoca un deseo sexual: Ese actor más que guapo es sexy …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.