HDMS Najaden (1811)
Career (Denmark-Norway) Builder: Hohlenberg at Nyholm, Copenhagen Laid down: August 1808 Launched: 26 October 1811 In service: 29 February 1812 Fate: Destroyed in Battle 6 July 1812 General characteristics Class and type: Frigate Tons burthen: 1202 Length: 143 ft 6 in Beam: 36 ft 6 in Draught: 15 ft 10 in aft Draft: 14 ft 10 in fore Propulsion: sail Complement: 336 men Armament:
- 26 x 18-pounder guns
- 6 x 18-pounder carronades
- 4 x 6-pounder guns
Notes: Captain Hans Peter Holm
HDMS Najaden was a frigate in the Royal Danish-Norwegian Navy. She was commissioned in 1811 and originally carried 36 guns, later being upgraded to 42. She served briefly during the Gunboat War only seeing action once, when on 6 July 1812 the British ship of the line HMS Dictator and the Cruizer-class brig-sloop HMS Calypso sank her during the Battle of Lyngør. The Battle of Lyngør effectively ended Denmark's involvement in the Napoleonic Wars.
During their occupation of Copenhagen in 1807, the British destroyed a partially built ship-of-the-line by hacking away the supports so that the ship fell on its port side, which crushed most of its timbers. The starboard side was essentially intact however, and the Danes used these timbers to build a new frigate – the Najaden.[Note 1]
Najaden's maiden voyage on 29 February 1812 (a leap year) had been delayed by one day because the ship grounded whilst leaving Copenhagen harbour. She then dragged an anchor on arrival in Brekkestø, Norway, which led to rudder damage on rocks, which further delayed her entry on active service. Still, on this short voyage the ship had achieved a good average speed of ten knots. Then yet more early storm damage curtailed training of the crew.
Battle of Lyngør
Najaden's captain was the Danish naval officer Hans Peter Holm (1772-1812), who also commanded the squadron that consisted of the three brigs - Kiel, Lolland (or Laaland) and Samsøe. Eyeing an opportunity to enforce the blockade and break the back of Dano-Norwegian seapower, the British deployed the 64-gun third-rate ship-of-the-line Dictator and three brigs, the 18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop Calypso, 14-gun brig-sloop gun-brig edit] Notes
- Fregatten Najaden (in Norwegian)
- The original report from Captain Holm on the loss of Najaden (in Danish)
- Individual record cards in Danish for ships of the Danish Royal Navy can be found on the internet at Orlogmuseet Skibregister.
- Record card for the Najaden in Danish
- Biography of Hans Peter Holm (in Norwegian)
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HDMS Najaden (1796) — Najaden was a frigate in the Royal Dano Norwegian Navy. Her career spanned from 1796 to 1807. She may have replaced an earlier Najaden which some claim was commissioned in 1776. The name Najaden is equivalent to the English Naiads, and is most… … Wikipedia
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