Stool test

A stool test is one where fecal matter is collected for analysis to diagnose the presence or absence of a medical condition.

Fecal occult blood test

One of the most common stool tests, the Fecal occult blood test can be used to diagnose many conditions that cause in bleeding in the gastrointestinal system including Colorectal cancer or Stomach cancer. [cite web|url=http://www.webmd.com/hw/colorectal_cancer/hw227116.asp|title=Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT)]

Microbiology tests

Parasitic diseases such as Ascariasis, Hookworm, Strongyloidiasis and Whipworm can be diagnosed by examining stools under a microscope for the presence of worm larvae or eggs. Some bacterial diseases can be detected with a stool culture. Toxins from bacteria such as Clostridium difficile ('C. diff.') can also be identified. Viruses such as rotavirus can also be found in stools. [cite web|url=http://www.webmd.com/hw/lab_tests/hw5738.asp|title=Stool culture]

Chemical tests

A fecal pH test may be used determine lactose intolerance or the presence of an infection. [cite web|url=http://www.medicinenet.com/stool_acidity_test/article.htm|title=Stool Acidity Test - MedicineNet.com] Steatorrhea can be diagnosed using a Fecal fat test that checks for the malabsorption of fat. [cite web|url=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003588.htm|title=MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Fecal fat]

ee also

* Rectal examination

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • stool test — noun a test performed at home in which you collect specimens of your stool that are tested for traces of blood; used to detect colorectal cancers • Syn: ↑fecal occult test, ↑faecal occult test • Hypernyms: ↑diagnostic test, ↑diagnostic assay …   Useful english dictionary

  • stool test — A test to check for hidden blood in the bowel movement …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • test — 1. To prove; to try a substance; to determine the chemical nature of a substance by means of reagents. 2. A method of examination, as to determine the presence or absence of a definite disease or of some substance in any of the fluids, tissues,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Stool guaiac test — It involves feces, a thick piece of paper attached to a thin film coated with guaiac (which comes from the Guaiacum tree [cite web | url = http://www.fda.gov/cdrh/oivd/guidance/772.html#5a | title = Guidance for Industry and FDA Staff Review… …   Wikipedia

  • Test, stool occult blood — A test to see whether there is blood in the bowel movement. Also called a fecal occult blood test: A test to check for hidden blood in stool. (Fecal refers to stool. Occult means hidden.) Abbreviated stool OB …   Medical dictionary

  • faecal occult test — noun a test performed at home in which you collect specimens of your stool that are tested for traces of blood; used to detect colorectal cancers • Syn: ↑fecal occult test, ↑stool test • Hypernyms: ↑diagnostic test, ↑diagnostic assay …   Useful english dictionary

  • fecal occult test — noun a test performed at home in which you collect specimens of your stool that are tested for traces of blood; used to detect colorectal cancers • Syn: ↑faecal occult test, ↑stool test • Hypernyms: ↑diagnostic test, ↑diagnostic assay …   Useful english dictionary

  • diagnostic test — noun an assay conducted for diagnostic purposes • Syn: ↑diagnostic assay • Hypernyms: ↑assay • Hyponyms: ↑biopsy, ↑cloze procedure, ↑cloze test, ↑f …   Useful english dictionary

  • immunoassay fecal occult blood test — iFOBT. A test to check for blood in the stool. A brush is used to collect water drops from around the surface of a stool while it is still in the toilet bowl. The samples are then sent to a laboratory, where they are checked for a human blood… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • immunochemical fecal occult blood test — iFOBT. A test to check for blood in the stool. A brush is used to collect water drops from around the surface of a stool while it is still in the toilet bowl. The samples are then sent to a laboratory, where they are checked for a human blood… …   English dictionary of cancer terms


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