Donnan, Iowa

Donnan
—  Ghost town  —
Site of Donnan
Donnan is located in Iowa
Donnan
Location within the state of Iowa
Coordinates: 42°53′46″N 91°52′41″W / 42.89611°N 91.87806°W / 42.89611; -91.87806Coordinates: 42°53′46″N 91°52′41″W / 42.89611°N 91.87806°W / 42.89611; -91.87806
Country United States
State Iowa
County Fayette
Platted 1878
Area
 – Total 1 sq mi (2.59 km2)
Population (1990)
 – Total 7
 – Density 7/sq mi (2.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 52139[1]
Area code(s) 319
GNIS feature ID

Donnan is a former city in the U.S. state of Iowa, located in central Fayette County. For many years, this farm hamlet was Iowa's smallest incorporated city. The town's population slowly eroded over the years; by 1990 the population had dropped to 7, and the remaining residents voted to disincorporate. Donnan ceased to exist as a city in early 1991.

Contents

History

Early years

Plat map of Donnan from 1916.

The post office at Donnan was established on July 10, 1874;[2] The town was platted in 1878 as Donnan Junction, located at the junction of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific and Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroads. Donnan was named in honor of William G. Donnan (1834–1908), who served the area in the House of Representatives from 1871-75.[3]

The town plat showed Donnan divided into five blocks, with blocks 2 and 3 divided into 18 parcels each. Blocks 1, 4, and 5 were smaller because of the railroad lines running diagonally through the community. Donnan had three streets running north-south; from westernmost to easternmost the streets were named Maple, Logan, and Sumner. The east-west streets were named Woodard Street and Washburn Avenue. By 1916, only six houses had been built, and these were all on Logan Street. Several farmhouses also fronted the Rock Island railroad tracks (see map).

Incorporation

A Donnan aerial photo taken in the 1930s, showing Donnan's new main street, New Donnan Road (running diagonally from southwest to northeast). Woodard Street and Logan Street can also be clearly seen in the photo.

The settlement was officially incorporated (as Donnan) in 1922 so that a school could be built. An area of 1-square-mile (2.6 km2) of land was included within the city limits so the area would meet the state's 25-person minimum population requirements.[4] By the 1930s, several improvements had been made in the town, including a diagonal road built alongside the Rock Island railroad. This road, named New Donnan Road, became the town's main thoroughfare.

Aside from the post office and railroad depot, the community also had a meeting hall, a pool hall, stock yards, a restaurant, an implement company, a hardware store, a grain elevator, a livery stable, a blacksmith shop, and a three-story hotel. Despite attracting a number of businesses and the site's prime location at the junction of two railways, the town never attracted many residents. The population of Donnan peaked at around fifty people in the 1940s.[4]

The City of Donnan was the state's smallest recognized community in 1954; the post office served 12 families (50 residents) and the school. Officials at the U.S. Postal Service that year decided to close the Donnan post office, but due to protests from residents, in February 1955 the closure was cancelled.[4] Donnan did, however, lose its school in 1957;[5] The hotel at Donnan had been moved to Sumner in 1947 and the building was converted into apartments.[6]

Lynn J. Webb served as Donnan's postmaster up until his death in 1955;[7] Webb also ran the filling station and general store run out of the same building.[8][9] Gertrude Menuey served as postmaster from 1955 to the 1970s.[8] Eileen Lee was the postmaster during the 1980s.[10]

A. L. Begalske served as mayor of Donnan until his death in 1955. Matthew Porter was appointed mayor after Begalske's death, and served for the next 35 years. Ruth Holmes was the town clerk, Margaret Gage the treasurer.[7]

Decline

Gradually, even the small population of Donnan eroded, leaving the town with fewer than 25 residents in 1970, and just 18 in 1972.[8] All businesses except the post office had closed by the early 1970s. County road W-25, a paved highway from nearby Randalia to the county seat at West Union bypassed Donnan's main street, New Donnan Road, in the early 1970s.[8]

By 1977, Donnan consisted of "an abandoned grain elevator, an unused railroad depot, three farms, four occupied houses, and a few empty buildings".[6] The Rock Island Railroad tracks at Donnan were pulled up in 1977. By 1978, the town's population had dropped to 13. That year Donnan residents celebrated the city's 100th anniversary.[11]

Donnan's few remaining residents fought "long, hard, and unsuccessfully" to keep the post office open. By 1982, however, postal officials prevailed. When the post office closed, on July 23, 1982,[2] commemorative covers prepared by the Iowa Postal History Society gave the town's population as ten. Residents resisted the closing of the last business in Donnan "because [Donnan] citizens love it and hate to see it die", Mayor Porter said in 1988.[12]

In 1990, the last seven residents[13] made national headlines when they reluctantly voted to disincorporate, ending their town's status as an officially recognized city.[4] At the disincorporation hearing Matt Porter, who had served as the town's mayor for 35 years, stated "Three of us are in our 70s and sooner or later it's got to come. There's no one else to carry on".[14] Donnan ceased to exist in March 1991; the final vote was 6 to 1 in favor of disincorporation.[5]

A monument on New Donnan Road pays tribute to the empty community, which lies just two miles (3 km) north of its nearly empty sister community of Randalia (population 84). In October 2007, like Donnan before it, Randalia lost its post office, some time after losing its school and general store.[15] Matthew Porter died in a fire in his home in Donnan in 2009.[16]

See also

Other discontinued cities in Iowa:

  • Athelstan (final population: 18 in 2004)
  • Green Island (final population: 54 in 1993)
  • Hurstville
  • Kent (final population: 52 in 2003)
  • Littleport (final population: 26 in 2005)
  • Moneta (final population: 29 in 1999)
  • Oneida (final population: 49 in 1994)
  • Plain View

References

  1. ^ Directory of Post Offices, U.S. Post Office Department, July 1967, p. 57.
  2. ^ a b Patera, Alan H. and Gallagher, John S. Iowa Post offices, 1833-1986, p. 70. Lake Oswego, Oregon: The Depot
  3. ^ Dilts, Harold E. (1993) From Ackley to Zwingle: The Origin of Iowa Place Names, p. 74. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, ISBN 0-8138-0837-5.
  4. ^ a b c d Jamison, Tim (1990-09-12), "State's smallest town about to disappear", Waterloo Courier: A11 
  5. ^ a b "Donnan officially is no more", Oelwein Daily Register: 1, 1991-03-15 
  6. ^ a b "Donnan Residents on Town Payroll". Winnipeg Free Press (AP story) (Winnipeg, MB): pp. 40. 1977-02-17. 
  7. ^ a b "Funeral is Pending for Lynn J. Webb, Donnan Postmaster", Oelwein Daily Register: A11, 1955-10-17 
  8. ^ a b c d Bonorden, Lee (1972-11-30), "Await Christmas Rush at Donnan", Oelwein Daily Register: 1 
  9. ^ "Donnan Post Office, Doomed to Die, Gains 60 Day Reprieve", Oelwein Daily Register: 1, 1955-02-22 
  10. ^ Larson, Solveig (1982-05-26). "Donnan post office loses". Oelwein Daily Register (Oelwein, IA): pp. 1. 
  11. ^ Murphy, Larry (1978-07-07), "Donnan residents — all 13 of them — gearing up for centennial", Oelwein Daily Register: A11 
  12. ^ "Tiny Iowa towns cling precariously to life", Waterloo Courier: A11, 1988-01-31 
  13. ^ Columbia Gazetteer of North America. 2000. Columbia University Press.
  14. ^ Swinton, Val (1990-09-12), "Tiny town of Donnan closer to disappearing", Cedar Rapids Gazette 
  15. ^ McCoy, Terry (November 26, 2007). "We're Losing the Feeling of Being a Town", Cedar Rapids Gazette, p. 1.
  16. ^ Life In Legacy - Week ending April 4, 2009. LifeInLegacy.com Retrieved 2009-12-20.

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